Gender test #1 readings
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Tuana- Revaluing science: starting from practices of women
Research can be objective but not neutral.
The best way to gain accurate and complete knowledge is throughout relationships
Martin - The egge and the sperm: How science has constructed a romance based on stereotypical male-female roles
Egg and sperm are described in masculine and feminine terms. This creates inequality. The eggs is seen as passive. The sperm is shown to be the active creator of life. When in reality they are mutual creators of life.
Culture influences science because gender roles are so imbedded in our lives. The social roles that we adhere to continue to recreate inequality.
Terry- Lesbians under medical gaze: Scientists search for remarkable differences
Basic assumption of struct levels of sexuality underlie much of the research on homosexuality. You are either gay or you are not. Doctors even used comparative pictures of naked female bodies to try an uncover differences in lesbians and heterosexual women. His assumptions led him to exclude pictures that did not fit his hypothesis.
He looked for masculine traits in the pictures.
Epstein and Steward - Quantitiave and qualitative methods in science
- Epstien's criticism of feminist methodology:
- Selection of sexist and elitist research topics
- Biased research designs
- Exploitative relationship between researcher and participants
- Illusion of objectivity
- Simplistic and superficial nature of quantitative data
- Improper interpretation and overgeneralization of findings
- Inadequate data assessment
Researchers should treat people like people.
Smith - Women's perspective as a radical critique of sociology
Women are excluded from social science because men have authority over women, and this alienates women. Governing and administration have been historically patriarchal.
Personal experiences in research help to move research from what it is to how it happened. This enables a deeper understanding of the subject pursued.
Kelly-Gadol - The social relation of the sexes: methodological implications of women's history
Women should be restored to an equal place in history. Women are usually described in history as the mother or the prostitute. This limits the possibilities of all women.
Women are separated from men in social class as a result of history. In order to change this we must understand how it came to be.
Jaggar - Humanities
Women to the center of the study. Focus on the women's roles in social science and humanities - all notable figures are male.
Gynocentric method - women as center of study
Construct categories between individual and universal and how to recognize systematic domination.
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