World Civilization Exam 1

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World Civilization Exam 1
2013-02-13 20:34:49

History Exam
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  1. What is a civilization?
    a civilization is a large scale system of human political, economic, and social organization. civilizations include laws that govern a code of manners and social conduct, and scientific, philosophical, and theological beliefs that explain the larger world.
  2. What is a Mesopotamia?
    A mesopotamia is an ancient region in western asia between the tigris and the Euphrates river were several cities thrived
  3. what is Cuneiform?
    sumerian form of writing; the term describes the wedge shaped strokes of the stylus. it was difficult to understand and developed as time passed
  4. what was one of Hammurabi's most memorable accomplishments?
    Hammurabis law code was a proclamation in the language of the land issued by the Babylonian king Hammurabi to establish law and justice; it inflicted harsh punishments, but was
  5. what is the book of the dead?
    an Egyptian book that preserved ideas about death and the afterlife; it explains that the soul leaves the body to become part of the divine after death.
  6. what is important about the phonecians?
    they were master seafarers and they created the first alphabet.
  7. what is important about the Neo-Babylonians?
  8. they were founded by king Nebudchadnezar, they practiced forced assimilation, and they created the city of Babylon
  9. Hebrews
    they were uncertain of their origins, abraham is the founder, they were often warring, they had hebrew monarchies.
  10. assyria
    • -had a sophisticated military organization
    • -swift downfall
    • -assyrian artists
  11. Cyrus the Great
    • -created one of the largest empires.
    • -freed the jews from babylonian captivity
    • -thought of himself as a great king.
  12. Zoroastrianism
    • -religion based off of either good or evil
    • -came from persia
    • -Dualism (2 gods)
  13. hoplite
    • -foot soldier
    • -heavily armed
    • -backbone of greek army
  14. Helot
    -state serfs that worked the land
  15. Mycenean
    • -A greek society that developed around 1650
    • -created linear B
  16. Minoans
    -the palace was the center of political and economic excellence
  17. Homer
    -wrote the illyiad and the odysey
  18. Hellenism
    • -characteristics of greek culture
    • -adopting greek culture
  19. Alexander the Great
    • -created the hellenistic world
    • -created three dynasties
    • -polis replaced by leagues
    • -ay khanoum
    • -new cities and colonies
  20. Philip of Macedonia
    • -made an alliance with hannibal against rome
    • -
  21. Hipocrates
    • -the father of medicine
    • -