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2013-02-13 23:27:39

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  1. Paigets four stages of cognitive development.
  2. 1. Sensorimotor stage: B-2
    Using senses and bodily movement to interact with the environment. EX. uses hands to touch, move, and put things in mouth.
  3. 2. Preoperational stage 2-7(+5)
    Unable to understand cause and effect. Only see it in their perspective.
  4. 3. Concrete operational stage 7-12(+5)
    Able to perform simple task by visible concrete objects. ex. putting dolls in order from tall to short.
  5. 4. Formal Operational stage 12-15(+3)
    Able to think and reason with abstract objects. example using words such as greater or less then.
  6. Learning how to feel.
    What are the two task involved in emotional socialization.
    1. How to identify feelings.2. how to manage it.
  7. Children are taught the following emotions. how to:
    identify emotions>manage emotions>Display/conceal emotions(show how they feel)>change emotions(change emotions for appropriate situations).
  8. What is the focus of symbolic interactionism with regards to socialization?
    Children see how others trust them and learn how to take the roles of others.
  9. 3 steps of the looking glass
    1. we projects our personality to others.
  10. 2nd step process of the looking glass
    2. others react and we interpret their reaction.
  11. 3 step process of the looking glass
    We develop a positive or negative self image.
  12. George Mead: Role-taking process
    Define the 3 stage process: PPG
  13. Define the 3 stage process: PPG
    1. Preparatory Stage: imitating other people in their environment. ex. you see our mother reading so your child pretends to read. copy cat.
  14. Define the 3 stage process: PPG
    2. Play stage: taking the role of a significant other. like example pretending to be their mother or father.
  15. Define the 3 stage process: PPG
    3 Game stage: playing the role of generalized others. ex. playing doctor or the cashier.
  16. The Family.
    Compare society's past and present attitude regarding children.
    the past children were regarded as innocent and now competent.
  17. The Family. Compare society's past and present attitude regarding teenagers.
    Teenagers were regarded as immature and now sophisticated.
  18. The School (education) what are the two goals of school system.
    • 1.help children develop their potential as creative individual.
    • 2.mold them into social comformity.
  19. how these goals are accomplished
    • 1. School teaches is academic knowledge and skill.
    • 2. by teaching history and civics(citizens duties)
  20. The peer groups, definition
    a group whose members are about the same age and have similar interest.
  21. what three things do peer groups teach their members?
    • 1. to be independent.
    • 2. teaches social skills and group loyalties.
    • 3. teaches the value of friendship and companionship among equals.
  22. Compare activities with parents and a peers
    • Parents- work and task activities
    • peers- play and recreational
  23. what is other-directed behavior? definition
    looking into others for approval and support.
  24. the mass media
    What are the negative impacts of television
    • 1. television can mislead children.
    • 2. diminish viewers creative imagination.
    • 3. stimulate violence.
    • 4. reveal the secrets of adult hood.
  25. what are the positive impacts of television.
    It can expand children's vocabulary and knowledge of the world.
  26. what are the 4 important agents of socialization and what is distinctive about each.
    • Family-
    • School-
    • Peer groups-
    • Mass Media-
  27. Family-
    Well its the most important socialization agent.
  28. School=
    Helps children develop their potential as independent individuals.
  29. peer groups-
    socializes its members as equals offering a set of values.
  30. Mass media-
    influences the child's values and behavior.