Ancient Political Theory Multiple Choice Question Data Base (Bro. Carter)

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Ancient Political Theory Multiple Choice Question Data Base (Bro. Carter)
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2013-06-05 12:57:35
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  1. Why does Antigone bury Polyneices?
    Divine law is more important than temporal law
  2. Pericles noted that the fallen soldiers fled from
    dishonor
  3. In Antigone, why did Creon refuse to allow Polyneices to be buried?
    He attacked Thebes
  4. T/F Creon argues that one must always obey the law and leaders, regardless of whether one believes those laws and leaders are just.
    true
  5. According to Pericles, why do most men disbelieve great things said of others?
    Envy
  6. How does Socrates respond to the argument that, given the punishment, he should abandon his style of questioning and do something else?
    it is dishonorable to change behavior simply because one fears the consequences
  7. What is the alternative penalty Socrates ultimately proposes for himself?
    a fine
  8. What is the wisdom Socrates has that others lack?
    the ability to see the areas in which he is not wise
  9. Why does Socrates assert that craftsmen are unwise?
    they think they know about things they don't really know about
  10. Why didn't Socrates' first accusers present evidence in the trial?
    They simply spoke about him in private, shaping opinion
  11. Criton's main way of saving Socrates would be:
    giving money to key individuals
  12. What is the key evidence that Socrates uses to show he agreed to the law?
    He rarely left Athens
  13. Where does Crito take place
    in a prison
  14. T/F Socrates argues it would harm his friends if they helped him.
    true
  15. In which class did Socrates place justice?
    good in itself and in its consequences
  16. The story of Gyges and the ring is used to argue that
    Men will be unjust if they believe they can avoid detection
  17. T/F Socrates argues that trade is necessary for a city
    true
  18. The two main types of education, for Socrates, should be
    music and gymnastics
  19. T/F Socrates argues that the guardians should have all things in common, and should avoid money.
    true
  20. What does Socrates say about judges and age?
    judges should be old
  21. T/F Socrates argues that potential guardians should be given a long series of rigorous tests.
    true
  22. T/F Socrates claims that intensive, extended medical treatment for chronic disease is a sign of a strong society.
    false
  23. T/F Socrates notes that it is more important for the general workers to be good than for the leaders to be good.
    false
  24. What did Socrates argued would the best way of ensuring that citizens' actions be just?
    develop a good educational system
  25. In which class does Socrates find "temperance" to be strongest?
    guardians (rulers)
  26. T/F Socrates argues that desire and reason are really the same thing.
    false
  27. What did Socrates say about slavery?
    Greeks should not have Greek slaves
  28. What does Socrates propose as the penalty for deserting a post as a soldier?
    demotion to craftsman/farmer
  29. When discussing "marriage" among the guardians, Socrates mentions they should be "sacred." How does he define "sacred"
    useful
  30. What does Socrates say should be the limit of what one Greek city should do to another Greek city if they fight?
    take the year's crops
  31. Which category does Socrates say is the one in which people will reject (despise) the seeming (as opposed to being)?
    the good
  32. The two main realms in which Socrates places everything around the "divided line" are
    seen and thought
  33. Which is NOT an "affection of the soul" linked to Socrates' "divided line"?
    Justice
  34. What, according to Socrates, is the greatest task?
    learning the perfect model of the good
  35. According to Socrates, which is the most dangerous?
    dialectic
  36. How does Socrates claim education of the mind should be conducted
    complex games
  37. In the allegory of the cave, the sun represents
    the idea of the good
  38. How does Socrates justify making the philosophers rule, when they would rather not? What will they tell the philosophers?
    they will tell them that they owe society a debt for their eduction
  39. T/F Pericles argues that habits gained from freedom in individual life are likely to strengthen the city-state.
    true
  40. What is the first explanation Creon thinks of for someone burying Polyneices?
    conspirators bribed the guards
  41. What is wisdom, according to Sophocles' chorus
    to not act impiously
  42. According to Pericles, why do most men disbelieve great things said of others?
    Envy
  43. At the time of Pericles, Athens was a(n)
    democracy
  44. Why does Antigone bury Polyneices
    Divine law is more important than temporal law
  45. T/F Creon argues that one must always obey the law and leaders, regardless ofwhether one believes those laws and leaders are just.
    true
  46. T/F Haemon argues that Creon should change his mind and (not execute Antigone)without disgrace, because wisdom includes flexibility and change when onediscovers error.
    true
  47. Pericles noted that the fallen soldiers fled from
    dishonor
  48. In Antigone, why did Creon refuse to allow Polyneices to be buried?
    He attacked Thebes
  49. Which did Socrates argue would be more difficult to refute?
    bias created by those he had offended
  50. Why does Socrates assert that craftsmen are unwise?
    they think they know about things they don't really know about
  51. What is the main argument by which Socrates denies willfully corrupting theyouth?
    people don't knowing harm themselves
  52. Why does Socrates assert that Meletos never cared for the question of the goodof the youth, even though he accused Socrates of corrupting the youth?
    Meletos claims that all except Socrates improve the youth, while in everyother field, only experts can improve something.
  53. What is the wisdom Socrates has that others lack?
    the ability to see the areas in which he is not wise
  54. What is the alternative penalty Socrates ultimately proposes for himself?
    a fine
  55. How does Socrates respond to the argument that, given the punishment, heshould abandon his style of questioning and do something else?
  56. Why didn't Socrates' first accusers present evidence in the trial?
    They simply spoke about him in private, shaping opinion
  57. Where does Crito take place
    in a prison
  58. Who claims that the many could do the greatest mischief
    Criton
  59. T/F Socrates argues it would harm his friends if they helped him.
    true
  60. Criton's main way of saving Socrates would be:
    giving money to key individuals
  61. According to Socrates, in moral issues we should
    trust only experts
  62. What is the key evidence that Socrates uses to show he agreed to the law?
    He rarely left Athens
  63. What does Crito want Socrates to do?
    Escape from prison
  64. T/F Socrates argues that other city-states would welcome him if he escaped.
    false
  65. Criton's two fears are losing a friend and that
    many people would blame Criton for not caring enough to save Socrates
  66. What evidence does Thrasymachus initially use to support his definition of justice?
    all states make laws that benefit the ruling powers
  67. Cephalus (the older man) initially argues that justice is best defined as
    Repay debts
  68. How does Socrates refute Thrasymachus' claim of justice being in the interest ofthe stronger
    he separates the art of making money from the particular virtue of any particular art
  69. According to Thrasymachus (in The Republic), justice is best defined as
    Might makes right
  70. At the end of Book I, Socrates realizes
    he doesn't yet have a definition of justice
  71. How does Socrates begin to respond to the claims of Glaucon and Adeimantosthat most only praise justice for its consequences (which can also be derivedfrom simply seeming just) rather than in itself (being just)?
    He begins to think of a city that would be just, stating that by discoveringcollective justice, we can know personal justice
  72. Which definition of justice is closest to the way Socrates describes the guardians?
    help friends, harm enemies
  73. T/F Socrates argues that trade is necessary for a city
    true
  74. To what does Socrates, in building his "city," ascribe the need for war? That is,what is the root cause of war?
    desire for luxuries
  75. What metaphor does Socrates use for the Guardians? What must their nature belike?
    well-bred dogs
  76. In which class did Socrates place justice?
    good in itself and in its consequences
  77. Socrates notes that God (Zeus) is the source of all things, good and evil.
    false
  78. The story of Gyges and the ring is used to argue that
    Men will be unjust if they believe they can avoid detection
  79. T/F Socrates argues that censorship is necessary in the just city
    true
  80. T/F Socrates argues that potential guardians should be given a long series ofrigorous tests.
    true
  81. Socrates argued that, in order to prepare future guardians, their education shouldinclude a wide range of literature and music.
    False
  82. What does Socrates say about judges and age?
    judges should be old
  83. The "noble lie" or "genuine lie" that Socrates advocates telling member of thecity is that
    people emerge from the earth, and have different metals in them thatdetermine their status
  84. Socrates claims that intensive, extended medical treatment for chronic disease isa sign of a strong society.
    false
  85. Socrates argues that the leaders should not be allowed private property (exceptessentials).
    true
  86. What does Socrates say about judges and age?
    judges should be old
  87. T/F Socrates argues that the guardians should have all things in common, and shouldavoid money.
    true
  88. T/F Socrates argues that desire and reason are really the same thing.
    false
  89. What did Socrates argued would the best way of ensuring that citizens' actionsbe just?
    develop a good educational system
  90. In which class does Socrates find the "brave" to be strongest?
    auxiliaries (soldiers)
  91. In which class does Socrates find "temperance" to be strongest?
    drones (commoners)
  92. What does Socrates say in response to the claim that the guardians would not bevery happy, given all the restrictions placed on them?
    Justice does not require any particular group to be happy, but rather thegreatest good for the city as a whole.
  93. How does Socrates define justice?
    Do your own business and don't interfere with others
  94. According to Socrates, which part of the soul should be ruled by the other two?
    the desiring
  95. T/F Socrates notes that it is more important for the general workers to be good thanfor the leaders to be good.
    false
  96. In which class does Socrates find the "wise" to be strongest?
    Guardians (rulers)
  97. What affect does wealth have on workers, according to Socrates?
    it makes them more careless
  98. To what does Socrates liken the need for guardians to tell some lies?
    the need for doctors to use drugs
  99. According to Socrates, truth is to knowledge as appearance is to ________
    opinion
  100. What does Socrates propose as the penalty for deserting a post as a soldier?
    demotion to craftsman/farmer
  101. What is one of the main purposes of having communal, rather than private,families, according to Socrates?
    it makes the leaders most united, closest to a single individual who viewsparts of his body as himself
  102. How does Socrates defend his decision to make men and women guardians,although they have different natures?
    He says that sexual differences are not relevant in determining the class towhich individuals should belong
  103. What is to be the nature of family relations among the guardians?
    there should be no private families, but rather communal living and controlled breeding
  104. What did Socrates say about slavery?
    Greeks should not have Greek slaves
  105. Which category does Socrates say is the one in which people will reject(despise) the seeming (as opposed to being)?
    the good
  106. The two main realms in which Socrates places everything around the "dividedline" are
    seen and thought
  107. Which is NOT an "affection of the soul" linked to Socrates' "divided line"?
    Justice
  108. What, according to Socrates, is the greatest task?
    learning the perfect model of the good
  109. How does Socrates link politicians and Sophists?
    they proclaim the popular, and punish those who don't go along
  110. To what does Socrates liken the Good?
    the sun
  111. Why won't the person returning to the cave be able to convince others to followhim/her?
    s/he won't be able to see what the others see, and will thus seem foolish
  112. In the allegory of the cave, the sun represents
    the idea of the good
  113. How does Socrates claim education of the mind should be conducted
    complex games
  114. In addition to gymnastics and music, what does Socrates say should be includedin education?
    geometry
  115. In the allegory of the cave, the sun represents
    the idea of the good
  116. Which area on the divided line (p. 362) should be associated with the originalcondition of people in the allegory of the cave?
    conjecture
  117. According to Socrates, which is the most dangerous?
    dialectic
  118. In addition to gymnastics and music, what does Socrates say should be includedin education?
    geometry

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