anatomy

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cassiekay10
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200653
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anatomy
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2013-02-14 21:17:46
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lesson 4
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  1. articulations
    surface markings that allow for joint formations
  2. articulation 3 kinds
    condyle, facet, head
  3. condyle
    rounded knob of joint
  4. facet
    flat
  5. head
    extended end
  6. 7 projections
    crest, epicondyle, process, spine, trochater, tubercle, tuberosity
  7. crest
    raised edge
  8. epicondyle
    bump above condyle
  9. process
    raised area
  10. spine
    sharp process
  11. trochanter
    large process on femur
  12. tubercle
    sml rounded process
  13. tuberosity
    rough bump for muscle
  14. 3 depressions
    fossa, fovea, sulcus
  15. fossa
    depression
  16. fovea
    small pit
  17. sulcus
    groove
  18. 5 passages
    canal, fissure, foramen, meatus, sinus
  19. canal
    tunnel
  20. fissure
    slong slit for nerves
  21. foramen
    round opening
  22. meatus
    tube-like opening
  23. sinus
    cavity
  24. how many bones are in one foot?
    26 - 1/4th the bodys bones both feet
  25. how many bones are in the skull
    22 irregular bones
  26. cranium
    bony structure housing the brain
  27. how many cranial bones are there
    8
  28. parietal bones 2
    top and side
  29. frontal bone 1
    forehead
  30. occipital bone 1
    rear of skull
  31. temporal bone 2
    sides and part of floor and around ear
  32. external auditory meatus
    opening to ear
  33. mastoid process
    prominant lump behind ear
  34. zygomatic arch
    cheekbone
  35. styloid process
    attachment for neck muscles
  36. ethmoid bone
    walls of orbits, roof and walls of nose
  37. sphenoid bone
    cranial floor side walls of orbits
  38. suture
    immovable joints of skull
  39. coronal suture
    between parietal and frontal bones
  40. lambdoidal suture
    between parietal and occipital bones
  41. squmaous suture
    runs along top temporal bone
  42. sagittal suture
    between L and R parietal bones
  43. formen magnum
    holes in skull allows passage of nerves and blood
  44. foramen magnum
    large opening at base of skull, allows spinal cord to pass through as it connects to brainstem
  45. ethmoid bone
    place middle nose
  46. maxillae 2 bones
    bones that meet to form the upper jaw; other facial bones articulate with the max, form parts of roof, orbits, roof of mouth
  47. zygomatic boens 2
    shape the cheeks and other edges of orbits
  48. mandible
    largest, strongest, articulates w temporal bone
  49. temporomandibular joint TMJ
    only facial bone that moves
  50. lacrimal bone 2
    paper-thin side wall orbit
  51. nasal bones 2
    form bridge of nose
  52. inferior nasal conchae 2
    contribute to nasal cavity
  53. vomer 1
    inferior half of nasal septum
  54. palatine bones 2
    posterior portion of large palate, part of nasal cavity, and floor of orbit
  55. auditory ossicles
    3 bnes of middle ear
  56. malleus
    hammer
  57. incus
    anvil
  58. stapes
    stirrup
  59. smallest bone in body
    hyoid bone
  60. hyoid bone
    u-shape; b/w chin and larynx; only bone doesnt articulate w another, attachment pnt of muscles that control tongue, mandible and larynx
  61. fractured hyoid bone
    strangulation
  62. 2 ways infant skull is different
    • 1- suture lines not fused
    • 2- contains fontanels
  63. vertebral column
    flexible structure of 33 vertebrae, holds head and torso upright
  64. cervical vertebrae
    7 vert
  65. thoracic vert
    12
  66. lumbar
    5
  67. sacrum
    5 fused
  68. coccyx
    4 fused
  69. 5 sections of vertebral column
    • Cervical, Thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx
    • Carrie Thinks Lazy Slums Clean**
  70. scoliosis
    lateral curve adolescent girls
  71. kyphosis
    hunchback
  72. lordosis
    swayback
  73. vertebral foramen
    aloows passage of spinal cord
  74. body of vertebrae
    weight bearing
  75. spinous process
    bumps felt on back
  76. transverse process
    extend from sides
  77. intervertebral disc
    b/w ea vert. support weight and absorb shock
  78. gel-like core of vert disc
    nucleus pulposus
  79. ring of tough fibrocartilage
    annulus fibrosus
  80. most unique of verteb.
    atlas and axis
  81. atlas and axis
    c1 and c2
  82. allows to nod yes
    atlas
  83. allows to shake your head no
    axis
  84. transverse ligament
    holds dens in place allowing head to swivel from side to side, back and forth
  85. sudden death
    hard blow to top of head sending dens through formamen magnum and into brainstem
  86. 3 regions of sternum
    manubrium, body, xiphoid process
  87. manubrium
    braodest easy palpate
  88. body of sternum
  89. longest, joins at angle of loius
  90. sternal angle is also called
    angle of loius
  91. second rib is called
    angle of loius
  92. xiphoid process
    cpr, attaches muscles
  93. true ribs
    1-7
  94. hyaline cartilage
    costal cartilage
  95. false ribs
    8-12
  96. floating ribs
    11 and 12, not attached
  97. shoulder girdle aka
    pectoral girdle
  98. pectoral girdle def
    supports arm
  99. clavicle
    collarbone
  100. scapula
    shoulder blade
  101. most broken bone in bd
    clavicle
  102. 3 scapula features
    acromion, coracoid process, and glenoid cavity
  103. acromion process
    where arm and joint attach to rest of skeleton
  104. coracoid process
    finger-like pnt of attachment arm muscles
  105. glenoid cavity
    shallow socket articulates w head of humerus
  106. humerus
    long bone of upper arm
  107. features of humerus
    head, olecranon fossa, olecranon process
  108. styloid process of radius and ulna
    bony bumps on wrist
  109. radius
    thumb side
  110. proximal head
    rotates on humerus
  111. radial tuberosity
    where bisep muscle attaches
  112. ulna
    longer than radius
  113. distal finger
    tip
  114. fingers 1-5
    1 thumb - 5 pinky
  115. metacarpal bones
    palm of hand.
  116. 8 carpal bones
    2 rows of 4, wrist, movement
  117. two large bones of hip
    os coxae, innominate bones
  118. ilium
    hipbone
  119. ischium
    lower; what you sit on
  120. pubis
    lowest seperated by a disc
  121. sacroilliac joint
    ea os coxae  articulates w the sacrum
  122. iliac crest
    upper ridge
  123. acetabulum
    hip socketg
  124. ischial spine
    projection into pelvic cavity
  125. ischial tuberosity
     supports sitting
  126. obturator foramen
    large hole
  127. true pelvis
    extends bw pelvic rim
  128. pelvic outlet
    lower edge of true pelvis
  129. false pelvis
    outer edges
  130. femur
    longest/strongest, articulates w acetabulum of pelvis
  131. frequent site of hip fracture
    neck
  132. greater and lesser trochanter
    bony projections attach mescles
  133. medial and lateral epicondyle
    widest points at knee
  134. patella
    kneecap
  135. fibula tibula
    big tib told a fib
  136. lateral malleolus
    distal end of fib forms at ankle
  137. tinial tuberosity
    palpated, attaches thigh muscles
  138. medial malleolus
    bony knob inner ankle, palpate
  139. hallux
    GREAT TOE
  140. cuneiforms
    second row of tarsal bones in foot
  141. talus
    2nd largest tarsal bone in foor
  142. calcaneous
    largest foot tarsal bone heel

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