anat

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Author:
cassiekay10
ID:
200681
Filename:
anat
Updated:
2013-02-14 23:28:33
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anat
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Description:
chapter 8
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  1. articulations
    joints
  2. fibrous jnts/synarthroses
    result when collagen fibers from one bone penetrate the adjacent bone=anchoring them in place
  3. adult skull suture joints are what kind
    fibrous
  4. arthrology
    study of joint structure, function
  5. cartiliginous joints
    two bones joined by cartilage
  6. amphiarthroses
    cartilage joints
  7. symphysis
    pad of cartilage in pubis region
  8. vertebral discs are what kind of joints
    cartiliginious
  9. synovial/diarthroses joints
    freely moveable, most numerous/versatile
  10. synovial joints contain the following 6
    joint capsule, synovial membrane, joint cavity, syn. fluid, articular cart, ligaments
  11. joint capsule
    sheet of conn tiss enclosing jnt cavity
  12. synovial membrane
    moist, slippery membrane lining inside of jnt cap
  13. joint cavity
    smal space bw bones allows freedom of movement
  14. synovial fluid
    slippery, viscous fluid consistency of egg white; lubes jnts, nourish cart, removes debris
  15. articular cart
    thin layer hyaline cart on bone surface. friction-free movement
  16. ligaments
    tough cords of connective tiss binds bones together
  17. bursa
    small sacs of synovial fluid, facilitate movement and ease friction
  18. pivot joint
    rotates 1st and 2nd vert
  19. gliding
    sliding ankle
  20. ball and socket
    wide range - shoulder
  21. condyloid
    flexion - wrist
  22. saddle
    side to side thumb
  23. hinge
    back and forth - elbow
  24. humeroscapular joint is the
    shoulder
  25. tibiofemoral jnt
    knee, largest

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