the last of the four steps of characterization in aperformed play.
an imagined event or series of events; an event maybe verbal as well as physical, so that sayingsomething or telling a story within the story may bean event.
as in metaphor, one thing (usually nonrational,abstract, religious) is implicitly spoken of in terms ofsomething concrete, but in an allegory thecomparison is extended to include an entire work orlarge portion of a work.
the repetition of initial consonant sounds through asequence of words— for example, “While I nodded,nearly napping” in Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven.”
a reference—whether explicit or implicit, to history,the Bible, myth, literature, painting, music, and so on—that suggests the meaning or generalizedimplication of details in the story, poem, or play.
the use of a word or expression to mean more thanone thing.
the design of classical Greek theaters, consisting of astage area surrounded by a semicircle of tiered seats.
a comparison based on certain resemblances betweenthings that are otherwise unlike.
a metrical form in which each foot consists of twounstressed syllables followed by a stressed one.
a neutral term for a character who opposes theleading male or female character. See hero/heroineand protagonist.
a leading character who is not, like a hero, perfect oreven outstanding, but is rather ordinary andrepresentative of the more or less average person.
a plot or character element that recurs in cultural orcross-cultural myths, such as “the quest” or “descentinto the underworld” or “scapegoat.”
a stage design in which the audience is seated all theway around the acting area; actors make theirentrances and exits through the auditorium.
the repetition of vowel sounds in a sequence ofwords with different endings— for example, “Thedeath of the poet was kept from his poems” in W. H.Auden’s “In Memory of W. B. Yeats.”
a morning song in which the coming of dawn iseither celebrated or denounced as a nuisance.
someone other than the reader—a character withinthe fiction—to whom the story or “speech” isaddressed.
distinct from plot time and reader time, authorialtime denotes the influence that the time in which theauthor was writing had upon the conception andstyle of the text.
a narrative poem that is, or originally was, meant tobe sung. Characterized by repetition and often by arepeated refrain (recurrent phrase or series ofphrases), ballads were originally a folk creation,transmitted orally from person to person and age toage.