CH1 Set 2 A&P BIOL 223

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  1. Characteristics of most living organisms include the ability to

    A) grow and reproduce.
    B) respond and adapt to their environment.
    C) control the external environment.
    D) A and B only
    E) all of the above
    A and B only
  2. The waste products of metabolism are eliminated through the process of

    A) excretion.
    B) digestion.
    C) absorption.
    D) resorption
    E) assimilation.
    A) excretion.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. All of the chemical and physical changes taking place in the body refers to

    A) systemic physiology.
    B) physiological chemistry.
    C) cell physiology.
    D) metabolism.
    E) special physiology.
    D) metabolism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The study of the first few weeks of life includes

    A) physiology.
    B) histology.
    C) embryology.
    D) medical anatomy
    E) cytology.
    C) embryology.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Studying anatomy by focusing on one region of the body and focusing on everything in that region is called

    A) regional anatomy.
    B) surgical anatomy.
    C) systemic anatomy.
    D) gross anatomy.
    E) surface anatomy.
    A) regional anatomy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The study of structures using special imaging techniques is

    A) medical anatomy.
    B) surface anatomy.
    C) regional anatomy.
    D) radiographic anatomy.
    E) surgical anatomy.
    D) radiographic anatomy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The study of function is to ________ as the study of form is to anatomy.

    A) radiographic anatom
    B) regional anatomy
    C) systemic anatomy
    D) microscopic anatomy
    E) physiology
    E) physiology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The study of cells and cellular structures is called

    A) gross anatomy.
    B) organology.
    C) cytology.
    D) histology.
    E) microbiology.
    C) cytology.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. In physiology, function is related to

    A) size.
    B) location.
    C) system.
    D) form.
    E) cavity.
    D) form.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A gastroenterologist studies the human body mainly with an approach resembling

    A) microscopic anatomy.
    B) gross anatomy.
    C) surface anatomy.
    D) systemic anatomy.
    E) regional anatomy.
    D) systemic anatomy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The branch of physiology that studies functions at the tissue level is called

    A) special physiology.
    B) system physiology.
    C) histophysiology.
    D) physiological chemistry.
    E) pathology.
    C) histophysiology.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following is an organ?

    A) mitochondrion
    B) peritoneum
    C) heart
    D) blood
    E) connective tissue
    C) heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. A collection of cells that work together designates a(n)

    A) tissue.
    B) organ system.
    C) chemical.
    D) organ.
    E) none of the above
    A) tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The following is the simplest level of organization:

    A) system.
    B) tissue.
    C) organ.
    D) cellular.
    E) chemical.
    E) chemical.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following would be considered an organ?

    A) skin
    B) fat
    C) mitochondrion
    D) blood
    E) heart muscle
    A) skin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Cells are considered the smallest units of life because

    A) both A and C
    B) cells are composed of atoms, which, chemically, are the smallest units of structure.
    C) cells are composed of organelles, each of which is responsible for a particular life-giving function.
    D) the cell is NOT considered the smallest unit of life.
    E) cells are composed of molecules, which, chemically, are the smallest units of structure.
    C) cells are composed of organelles, each of which is responsible for a particular life-giving function.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The fact that a single defective protein causes cystic fibrosis, a multisystemic illness, proves that

    A) congenital defects can be life threatening.
    B) all levels of organization within an organism are interdependent.
    C) all organisms are composed of cells.
    D) all cells are independent of each other.
    E) chemical molecules make up cells.
    B) all levels of organization within an organism are interdependent.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Covering, protection from infection, thermoregulation, and hormone production are functions of which system?

    A) muscular
    B) skeletal
    C) integumentary
    D) nervous
    E) none of the above
    C) integumentary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The production of another human organism is the function of which of the following systems?

    A) respiratory
    B) skeletal
    C) lymphoid
    D) cardiovascular
    E) reproductive
    E) reproductive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Regulation of the body using rapid changes caused by electrical signals is characteristic of the

    A) integumentary system.
    B) nervous system.
    C) cardiovascular system.
    D) endocrine system.
    E) none of the above
    B) nervous system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The trachea and lungs are components of the

    A) respiratory system.
    B) digestive system.
    C) endocrine system.
    D) lymphoid system.
    E) urinary system.
    A) respiratory system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The pituitary and thyroid glands are components of the

    A) respiratory system.
    B) cardiovascular system.
    C) digestive system.
    D) endocrine system.
    E) lymphoid system.
    D) endocrine system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Gas exchange is a function of the

    A) cardiovascular system.
    B) both A and D
    C) lymphoid system.
    D) respiratory system.
    E) urinary system.
    D) respiratory system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Lungs are to the respiratory system as the spleen is to the

    A) cardiovascular system.
    B) muscular system.
    C) digestive system.
    D) lymphatic system.
    E) urinary system.
    D) lymphatic system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Hormones, glands, and target cells are associated with the

    A) skeletal system.
    B) muscular system.
    C) integumentary system.
    D) endocrine system.
    E) all of the above.
    E) all of the above.
  26. Which of the following is characteristic of the endocrine system?

    A) releases chemical messengers called neurotransmitters
    B) can produce effects that last for days or longer
    C) is an important thermoregulatory system
    D) can produce an effect that involves only one tissue at a time
    E) produces a more rapid response to body changes than the nervous system
    B) can produce effects that last for days or longer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which of the following are parts of a homeostatic mechanism?

    A) receptor
    B) control center
    C) effector
    D) all of the above
    E) none of the above
    D) all of the above
  28. Imagine someone is cold and responds by putting on more clothes. This regulation mechanism is an example of

    A) positive feedback.
    B) homeostatic regulation.
    C) diagnostic regulation.
    D) a behavioral change and is not related to the internal environment.
    E) negative feedback.
    D) a behavioral change and is not related to the internal environment.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The prevention of change, and the shutdown of an overactive organ are examples of

    A) effector control.
    B) homeostasis.
    C) negative feedback.
    D) positive feedback.
    E) none of the above
    C) negative feedback.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The increasingly forceful labor contractions that lead to childbirth are an example of this type of mechanism:

    A) receptor activation.
    B) negative feedback.
    C) effector shutdown.
    D) positive feedback.
    E) none of the above
    D) positive feedback.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following is an example of negative feedback?

    A) Increased pressure in the aorta triggers mechanisms to lower blood pressure.
    B) A rise in estrogen during the menstrual cycle increases the number of progesterone receptors in the uterus.
    C) A rise in blood calcium levels triggers the release of a hormone that further raises blood calcium levels.
    D) A increase in body temperature triggers a neural response that initiates physiological changes to increase body temperature.
    E) Increased blood sugar stimulates the release of a hormone from the pancreas that stimulates the liver to release blood sugar.
    A) Increased pressure in the aorta triggers mechanisms to lower blood pressure.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. A person who is lying on his or her stomach is said to be in the

    A) anatomical position.
    B) prone position.
    C) sagittal position.
    D) supine position.
    E) frontal position.
    B) prone position.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which indicates the back of the body?

    A) ventral
    B) dorsal
    C) both B and C
    D) posterior
    E) anterior
    C) both B and C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which of the following is MEDIAL to the breast?

    A) shoulder
    B) digits
    C) sternum
    D) elbow
    E) knee
    C) sternum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The wrist is considered ________ to the elbow.

    A) medial
    B) lateral
    C) proximal
    D) distal
    E) none of the above
    D) distal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The navel is ________ to the chin.

    A) medial
    B) posterior
    C) superior
    D) anterior
    E) inferior
    E) inferior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the following regions corresponds to the groin?

    A) gluteal
    B) thoracic
    C) lumbar
    D) cephalic
    E) pelvic
    E) pelvic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which of the following regions corresponds to the foot?

    A) cervical
    B) brachial
    C) femoral
    D) antebrachial
    E) pedal
    E) pedal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. This portion of the body contains the upper and lower limbs.

    A) ventral
    B) thoracic
    C) appendicular
    D) dorsal
    E) axial
    C) appendicular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Referring to the back means

    A) thoracic.
    B) axial.
    C) dorsal.
    D) appendicular.
    E) ventral.
    C) dorsal.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Anterior is to ________ as posterior is to dorsal.

    A) ventral
    B) inferior
    C) caudal
    D) medial
    E) cranial
    A) ventral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Organs that are protected by bone are found in what part of the body?

    A) ventral cavity
    B) inferior portions
    C) appendicular
    D) axial
    E) superficial regions
    D) axial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The diaphragm separates the ________ cavity from the ________ cavity.

    A) abdominal; pelvic
    B) thoracic; abdominopelvic
    C) pericardial sac; pericardial
    D) pleural; mediastinum
    E) pericardial; pleural
    B) thoracic; abdominopelvic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The heart is surrounded by the ________ membrane.

    A) peritoneal
    B) visceral
    C) serous
    D) pericardial
    E) pleural
    D) pericardial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. The membrane covering the surface of the stomach is named the

    A) visceral pleura.
    B) serous membrane.
    C) parietal pleura.
    D) visceral peritoneum.
    E) pericardial sac.
    D) visceral peritoneum.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. The membrane covering the surface of the lung is referred to as the

    A) parietal peritoneum.
    B) serous membrane.
    C) visceral pericardium.
    D) mediastinum.
    E) visceral pleura.
    E) visceral pleura.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. The main function of a serous membrane is to

    A) allow blood to pass.
    B) fill empty spaces.
    C) hold organs together.
    D) protect organs.
    E) reduce friction.
    E) reduce friction.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. The peritoneal cavity contains the

    A) heart.
    B) thymus.
    C) uterus.
    D) small intestine.
    E) lungs.
    D) small intestine.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. The mediastinum separates ________ from the ________.

    A) the pleural cavity; coelom
    B) the pericardial sac; pericardial cavity
    C) the abdominal cavity; pelvic cavity
    D) one pleural cavity; other pleural cavity
    E) the thoracic cavity; peritoneal cavity
    D) one pleural cavity; other pleural cavity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. The study of body structure is called             .
    anatomy
  51. A structure that senses change is called a _________________________.
    receptor
  52. The tendency for physiological systems to stabilize internal conditions with respect to the external environment is called _________________________.
    homeostasis
  53. In _________________________ feedback, the initial stimulus produces a response that reinforces the stimulus.
    positive
  54. A mechanism that brings the internal environment back to normal is a _________________________ mechanism.
    negative feedback
  55. A person lying face up in the anatomical position is said to be in the ________ position
    supine
  56. The forearm is called the ______________.
    antebrachium
  57. The term _________ refers to the back of the knee.
    popliteal
  58. The term ____________ refers to the wrist.
    carpal
  59. The stomach is ____________ to the lungs.
    inferior
  60. The knee is ____________ to the foot.
    proximal
Author:
alyknight
ID:
200875
Card Set:
CH1 Set 2 A&P BIOL 223
Updated:
2013-02-23 15:08:30
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Introduction
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Introduction to A&P
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