CH1 Set 2 A&P BIOL 223

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alyknight
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200875
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CH1 Set 2 A&P BIOL 223
Updated:
2013-02-23 10:08:30
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Introduction
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Introduction to A&P
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  1. Characteristics of most living organisms include the ability to

    A) grow and reproduce.
    B) respond and adapt to their environment.
    C) control the external environment.
    D) A and B only
    E) all of the above
    A and B only
  2. The waste products of metabolism are eliminated through the process of

    A) assimilation.
    B) resorption
    C) excretion.
    D) digestion.
    E) absorption.
    C) excretion.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. All of the chemical and physical changes taking place in the body refers to

    A) metabolism.
    B) physiological chemistry.
    C) systemic physiology.
    D) special physiology.
    E) cell physiology.
    A) metabolism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The study of the first few weeks of life includes

    A) cytology.
    B) histology.
    C) embryology.
    D) medical anatomy
    E) physiology.
    C) embryology.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Studying anatomy by focusing on one region of the body and focusing on everything in that region is called

    A) surface anatomy.
    B) regional anatomy.
    C) gross anatomy.
    D) surgical anatomy.
    E) systemic anatomy.
    B) regional anatomy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The study of structures using special imaging techniques is

    A) regional anatomy.
    B) medical anatomy.
    C) radiographic anatomy.
    D) surface anatomy.
    E) surgical anatomy.
    C) radiographic anatomy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The study of function is to ________ as the study of form is to anatomy.

    A) physiology
    B) regional anatomy
    C) systemic anatomy
    D) radiographic anatom
    E) microscopic anatomy
    A) physiology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The study of cells and cellular structures is called

    A) gross anatomy.
    B) histology.
    C) cytology.
    D) organology.
    E) microbiology.
    C) cytology.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. In physiology, function is related to

    A) location.
    B) cavity.
    C) form.
    D) size.
    E) system.
    C) form.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A gastroenterologist studies the human body mainly with an approach resembling

    A) systemic anatomy.
    B) microscopic anatomy.
    C) regional anatomy.
    D) gross anatomy.
    E) surface anatomy.
    A) systemic anatomy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The branch of physiology that studies functions at the tissue level is called

    A) pathology.
    B) system physiology.
    C) histophysiology.
    D) physiological chemistry.
    E) special physiology.
    C) histophysiology.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following is an organ?

    A) blood
    B) mitochondrion
    C) peritoneum
    D) heart
    E) connective tissue
    D) heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. A collection of cells that work together designates a(n)

    A) organ.
    B) chemical.
    C) organ system.
    D) tissue.
    E) none of the above
    D) tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The following is the simplest level of organization:

    A) organ.
    B) tissue.
    C) chemical.
    D) system.
    E) cellular.
    C) chemical.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following would be considered an organ?

    A) blood
    B) skin
    C) heart muscle
    D) fat
    E) mitochondrion
    B) skin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Cells are considered the smallest units of life because

    A) cells are composed of molecules, which, chemically, are the smallest units of structure.
    B) both A and C
    C) the cell is NOT considered the smallest unit of life.
    D) cells are composed of atoms, which, chemically, are the smallest units of structure.
    E) cells are composed of organelles, each of which is responsible for a particular life-giving function.
    E) cells are composed of organelles, each of which is responsible for a particular life-giving function.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The fact that a single defective protein causes cystic fibrosis, a multisystemic illness, proves that

    A) all levels of organization within an organism are interdependent.
    B) chemical molecules make up cells.
    C) all cells are independent of each other.
    D) congenital defects can be life threatening.
    E) all organisms are composed of cells.
    A) all levels of organization within an organism are interdependent.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Covering, protection from infection, thermoregulation, and hormone production are functions of which system?

    A) nervous
    B) skeletal
    C) integumentary
    D) muscular
    E) none of the above
    C) integumentary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The production of another human organism is the function of which of the following systems?

    A) cardiovascular
    B) reproductive
    C) skeletal
    D) lymphoid
    E) respiratory
    B) reproductive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Regulation of the body using rapid changes caused by electrical signals is characteristic of the

    A) integumentary system.
    B) endocrine system.
    C) nervous system.
    D) cardiovascular system.
    E) none of the above
    C) nervous system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The trachea and lungs are components of the

    A) digestive system.
    B) lymphoid system.
    C) respiratory system.
    D) urinary system.
    E) endocrine system.
    C) respiratory system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The pituitary and thyroid glands are components of the

    A) respiratory system.
    B) cardiovascular system.
    C) digestive system.
    D) endocrine system.
    E) lymphoid system.
    D) endocrine system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Gas exchange is a function of the

    A) both A and D
    B) respiratory system.
    C) cardiovascular system.
    D) urinary system.
    E) lymphoid system.
    B) respiratory system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Lungs are to the respiratory system as the spleen is to the

    A) digestive system.
    B) cardiovascular system.
    C) urinary system.
    D) muscular system.
    E) lymphatic system.
    E) lymphatic system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Hormones, glands, and target cells are associated with the

    A) skeletal system.
    B) muscular system.
    C) integumentary system.
    D) endocrine system.
    E) all of the above.
    E) all of the above.
  26. Which of the following is characteristic of the endocrine system?

    A) can produce an effect that involves only one tissue at a time
    B) releases chemical messengers called neurotransmitters
    C) produces a more rapid response to body changes than the nervous system
    D) can produce effects that last for days or longer
    E) is an important thermoregulatory system
    D) can produce effects that last for days or longer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which of the following are parts of a homeostatic mechanism?

    A) receptor
    B) control center
    C) effector
    D) all of the above
    E) none of the above
    D) all of the above
  28. Imagine someone is cold and responds by putting on more clothes. This regulation mechanism is an example of

    A) positive feedback.
    B) negative feedback.
    C) diagnostic regulation.
    D) a behavioral change and is not related to the internal environment.
    E) homeostatic regulation.
    D) a behavioral change and is not related to the internal environment.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The prevention of change, and the shutdown of an overactive organ are examples of

    A) positive feedback.
    B) homeostasis.
    C) effector control.
    D) negative feedback.
    E) none of the above
    D) negative feedback.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The increasingly forceful labor contractions that lead to childbirth are an example of this type of mechanism:

    A) negative feedback.
    B) effector shutdown.
    C) positive feedback.
    D) receptor activation.
    E) none of the above
    C) positive feedback.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following is an example of negative feedback?

    A) A rise in estrogen during the menstrual cycle increases the number of progesterone receptors in the uterus.
    B) Increased blood sugar stimulates the release of a hormone from the pancreas that stimulates the liver to release blood sugar.
    C) A increase in body temperature triggers a neural response that initiates physiological changes to increase body temperature.
    D) Increased pressure in the aorta triggers mechanisms to lower blood pressure.
    E) A rise in blood calcium levels triggers the release of a hormone that further raises blood calcium levels.
    D) Increased pressure in the aorta triggers mechanisms to lower blood pressure.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. A person who is lying on his or her stomach is said to be in the

    A) anatomical position.
    B) frontal position.
    C) supine position.
    D) prone position.
    E) sagittal position.
    D) prone position.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which indicates the back of the body?

    A) anterior
    B) dorsal
    C) ventral
    D) both B and C
    E) posterior
    D) both B and C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which of the following is MEDIAL to the breast?

    A) elbow
    B) knee
    C) sternum
    D) digits
    E) shoulder
    C) sternum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The wrist is considered ________ to the elbow.

    A) lateral
    B) distal
    C) proximal
    D) medial
    E) none of the above
    B) distal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The navel is ________ to the chin.

    A) anterior
    B) posterior
    C) medial
    D) superior
    E) inferior
    E) inferior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the following regions corresponds to the groin?

    A) cephalic
    B) pelvic
    C) thoracic
    D) gluteal
    E) lumbar
    B) pelvic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which of the following regions corresponds to the foot?

    A) femoral
    B) pedal
    C) antebrachial
    D) cervical
    E) brachial
    B) pedal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. This portion of the body contains the upper and lower limbs.

    A) thoracic
    B) appendicular
    C) axial
    D) dorsal
    E) ventral
    B) appendicular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Referring to the back means

    A) appendicular.
    B) ventral.
    C) dorsal.
    D) thoracic.
    E) axial.
    C) dorsal.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Anterior is to ________ as posterior is to dorsal.

    A) ventral
    B) caudal
    C) medial
    D) cranial
    E) inferior
    A) ventral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Organs that are protected by bone are found in what part of the body?

    A) superficial regions
    B) axial
    C) inferior portions
    D) ventral cavity
    E) appendicular
    B) axial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The diaphragm separates the ________ cavity from the ________ cavity.

    A) pleural; mediastinum
    B) thoracic; abdominopelvic
    C) pericardial; pleural
    D) pericardial sac; pericardial
    E) abdominal; pelvic
    B) thoracic; abdominopelvic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The heart is surrounded by the ________ membrane.

    A) serous
    B) pleural
    C) visceral
    D) peritoneal
    E) pericardial
    E) pericardial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. The membrane covering the surface of the stomach is named the

    A) parietal pleura.
    B) visceral peritoneum.
    C) visceral pleura.
    D) pericardial sac.
    E) serous membrane.
    B) visceral peritoneum.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. The membrane covering the surface of the lung is referred to as the

    A) visceral pericardium.
    B) visceral pleura.
    C) mediastinum.
    D) serous membrane.
    E) parietal peritoneum.
    B) visceral pleura.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. The main function of a serous membrane is to

    A) allow blood to pass.
    B) protect organs.
    C) fill empty spaces.
    D) hold organs together.
    E) reduce friction.
    E) reduce friction.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. The peritoneal cavity contains the

    A) uterus.
    B) lungs.
    C) thymus.
    D) heart.
    E) small intestine.
    E) small intestine.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. The mediastinum separates ________ from the ________.

    A) the pleural cavity; coelom
    B) the pericardial sac; pericardial cavity
    C) the thoracic cavity; peritoneal cavity
    D) the abdominal cavity; pelvic cavity
    E) one pleural cavity; other pleural cavity
    E) one pleural cavity; other pleural cavity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. The study of body structure is called             .
    anatomy
  51. A structure that senses change is called a _________________________.
    receptor
  52. The tendency for physiological systems to stabilize internal conditions with respect to the external environment is called _________________________.
    homeostasis
  53. In _________________________ feedback, the initial stimulus produces a response that reinforces the stimulus.
    positive
  54. A mechanism that brings the internal environment back to normal is a _________________________ mechanism.
    negative feedback
  55. A person lying face up in the anatomical position is said to be in the ________ position
    supine
  56. The forearm is called the ______________.
    antebrachium
  57. The term _________ refers to the back of the knee.
    popliteal
  58. The term ____________ refers to the wrist.
    carpal
  59. The stomach is ____________ to the lungs.
    inferior
  60. The knee is ____________ to the foot.
    proximal

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