CH 5 A&P BIOL 223

The flashcards below were created by user alyknight on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. The four main types of tissues include

    A) epithelium.
    B) muscle.
    C) nerve.
    D) connective.
    E) all of the above
    E) all of the above
  2. Collections of specialized cells and cell products that perform a specific function are

    A) organs.
    B) organ systems.
    C) tissues.
    D) cellular strata.
    E) cellular aggregates.
    C) tissues.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The most abundant tissue type in the body is

    A) epithelial tissue.
    B) contractive tissue.
    C) muscle tissue.
    D) nervous tissue.
    E) connective tissue.
    E) connective tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Intercellular connections that lock cells together are called

    A) CAMS.
    B) gap junctions.
    C) desmosomes.
    D) tight junctions.
    E) none of the above
    C) desmosomes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Epithelial cells are adapted for

    A) providing protection.
    B) controlling permeability.
    C) providing sensations.
    D) producing secretions.
    E) all of the above
    E) all of the above
  6. Epithelial cells that are adapted for removing material from the surface usually have ________ at their free surface.

    A) junctional complexes
    B) Golgi complexes
    C) cilia
    D) many mitochondria
    E) microvilli
    C) cilia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. A type of intercellular connection in which the outermost lipid portions of the two cell membranes is fused is termed a(n)

    A) tight junction.
    B) intermediate junction.
    C) gap junction.
    D) desmosome.
    E) none of the above
    A) tight junction.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Dead skin cells are shed in thick sheets because the strong links are held together by

    A) junctional complexes.
    B) tight junctions.
    C) intermediate junctions.
    D) gap junctions.
    E) desmosomes.
    E) desmosomes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following is a term used to describe the number of layers of cells?

    A) squamous
    B) stratified
    C) cuboidal
    D) columnar
    E) All of the above are correct.
    B) stratified
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Examination of a tubular structure with the electron microscope reveals a lining of cells with microvilli. This tissue is from the

    A) female reproductive system.
    B) small intestine.
    C) urinary bladder.
    D) stomach.
    E) male reproductive system.
    B) small intestine.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The type of epithelium that is found in functional lung tissue is

    A) simple cuboidal.
    B) simple squamous.
    C) stratified squamous.
    D) stratified cuboidal.
    E) transitional.
    B) simple squamous.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following is a correct statement about stratified epithelia?

    A) They are characteristic of regions where secretion or absorption occurs.
    B) They line internal compartments and passageways.
    C) They afford little mechanical protection.
    D) They are vascular.
    E) They cover surfaces subjected to mechanical or chemical stress.
    E) They cover surfaces subjected to mechanical or chemical stress.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The type of epithelium found lining the respiratory tract is

    A) pseudostratified columnar.
    B) stratified squamous.
    C) simple cuboidal.
    D) simple squamous.
    E) transitional.
    A) pseudostratified columnar.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Simple squamous epithelium would be found

    A) lining blood vessels.
    B) lining the urinary bladder.
    C) at the surface of the skin.
    D) lining the trachea.
    E) lining the chambers of the thyroid gland.
    A) lining blood vessels.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. A simple cuboidal epithelium would be found

    A) lining the stomach.
    B) lining kidney tubules.
    C) lining the urinary bladder.
    D) at the surface of the skin.
    E) lining the ducts that drain sweat glands.
    B) lining kidney tubules.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The type of epithelium with multiple cell types whose nuclei are staggered is

    A) simple cuboidal epithelium.
    B) pseudostratified columnar epithelium.
    C) simple columnar epithelium.
    D) stratified columnar epithelium.
    E) stratified cuboidal epithelium.
    B) pseudostratified columnar epithelium.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The linings of sweat glands have this type of tissue.

    A) stratified squamous
    B) simple squamous
    C) pseudostratified columnar epithelium
    D) simple cuboidal
    E) transitional epithelium
    D) simple cuboidal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following cells is found in stratified squamous epithelial tissue?

    A) melanocyte
    B) adipocyte
    C) fibroblast
    D) macrophage
    E) mast cell
    A) melanocyte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Most of the digestive tract is lined by

    A) columnar epithelia.
    B) simple squamous epithelia.
    C) transitional epithelia.
    D) stratified squamous epithelia.
    E) transitional epithelia.
    A) columnar epithelia.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following protects all of the others?

    A) bone
    B) skin
    C) cartilage
    D) nerves
    E) muscle
    B) skin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following is a type of connective tissue?

    A) nervous tissue
    B) glandular tissue
    C) bone tissue
    D) muscle tissue
    E) simple squamous tissue
    C) bone tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A lymph node contains large amounts of

    A) fibrous netting.
    B) junctional complexes.
    C) intercellular glue.
    D) reticular fibers.
    E) basement membrane.
    D) reticular fibers.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Functions of connective tissue include

    A) establishing a structural framework for the body.
    B) transporting fluids and dissolved materials.
    C) providing protection for delicate organs.
    D) storing energy reserves.
    E) all of the above
    E) all of the above
  24. The fiber type that can be stretched is called

    A) collagen.
    B) elastin.
    C) actin.
    D) myosin.
    E) fibrin.
    B) elastin.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The cell that accounts for the least amount of the volume of blood is the

    A) thrombocyte.
    B) platelet.
    C) red blood cell.
    D) leukocyte.
    E) none of the above
    D) leukocyte.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The most common type of cartilage is

    A) ligamentous.
    B) osseous.
    C) hyaline.
    D) fibrous cartilage.
    E) elastic.
    C) hyaline.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Cells that release histamine and heparin are

    A) mast cells.
    B) macrophages.
    C) fibroblasts.
    D) adipocytes.
    E) melanocytes.
    A) mast cells.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which of the following is the strongest type of cartilage?

    A) hyaline cartilage.
    B) elastic cartilage.
    C) reticular cartilage.
    D) transitional cartilage.
    E) fibrous cartilage.
    E) fibrous cartilage.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Types of connective tissue include

    A) bone, elastic connective, and blood.
    B) simple squamous, adipose, and smooth.
    C) fibrous connective, stratified squamous, and skeletal
    D) skeletal, smooth, and fibrous.
    E) skeletal, smooth, and cardiac.
    A) bone, elastic connective, and blood.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Connective tissue structures that attach muscles to bone are called

    A) tendons.
    B) organs.
    C) cartilage.
    D) nerves.
    E) ligaments.
    A) tendons.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Examples of fibrous connective tissue include

    A) A and D only.
    B) respiratory passages.
    C) salivary glands.
    D) ligaments.
    E) tendons.
    A) A and D only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following are supportive connective tissues?

    A) bone
    B) dense connective tissue
    C) adipose connective tissue
    D) both A and B
    E) cartilage
    D) both A and B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. This type of tissue typically makes up the internal framework of organs such as the spleen.

    A) serous
    B) skeletal
    C) reticular
    D) cardiac
    E) neural
    C) reticular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Skeletal muscle is to muscle tissue as bone is to

    A) epithelial tissue.
    B) muscle tissue.
    C) nervous tissue.
    D) bone tissue.
    E) connective tissue.
    E) connective tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Why does damaged cartilage heal slowly?
    A) Cartilage is avascular, so nutrients and other molecules must diffuse to the site of injury.
    B) Damaged collagen cannot be quickly replaced, thus slowing the healing process.
    C) Chondrocytes divide more slowly than other cell types, delaying the healing process.
    D) Damaged cartilage becomes calcified, thus blocking the movement of materials required for healing.
    E) Chondrocytes cannot be replaced if killed, and other cell types must take their place.
    A) Cartilage is avascular, so nutrients and other molecules must diffuse to the site of injury.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Examination of a tissue sample reveals relatively few cells with a large amount of intercellular material. The tissue is most likely
    A) muscle.
    B) adipose tissue.
    C) connective tissue.
    D) nervous.
    E) epithelium.
    C) connective tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the following is made up of a complete simple columnar epithelium and a relatively large amount of underlying connective tissue, and provides lubrication?

    A) cutaneous membranes
    B) mucous membranes
    C) serous membranes
    D) synovial membranes
    E) none of the above
    B) mucous membranes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. A lubricating membrane that works with cartilage in a joint is called a
    A) cutaneous membrane.
    B) synovial membrane.
    C) glandular membrane.
    D) serous membrane.
    E) mucous membrane.
    B) synovial membrane.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The serous membrane lining the abdominal cavity is the
    A) perichondrium.
    B) periosteum.
    C) peritoneum.
    D) pleura.
    E) pericardium.
    C) peritoneum.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Tissue that is specialized for contraction is
    A) epithelium.
    B) cartilage.
    C) connective tissue.
    D) nerve tissue.
    E) muscle.
    E) muscle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. The muscle tissue without striations is
    A) multinucleated muscle.
    B) cardiac muscle.
    C) skeletal muscle.
    D) smooth muscle.
    E) voluntary muscle.
    D) smooth muscle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The muscle tissue that contains intercalated discs is
    A) voluntary muscle.
    B) skeletal muscle.
    C) smooth muscle.
    D) cardiac muscle.
    E) multinucleate muscle.
    D) cardiac muscle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The muscle tissue that usually attaches to bone is
    A) cardiac muscle.
    B) skeletal muscle.
    C) voluntary muscle.
    D) multinucleate muscle.
    E) smooth muscle.
    B) skeletal muscle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Tissue that contains large amounts of actin and myosin is
    A) osseous tissue.
    B) epithelial tissue.
    C) areolar tissue.
    D) nervous tissue.
    E) muscle tissue.
    E) muscle tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Smooth muscle differs from the other two types of muscle tissue because
    A) it contains actin and myosin filaments.
    B) it has the ability to contract independent of neural stimulation.
    C) it has only one nucleus per cell.
    D) of its arrangement of actin and myosin.
    E) it forms muscle fibers.
    D) of its arrangement of actin and myosin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Another term for smooth muscle tissue is
    A) cardiac.
    B) striated voluntary.
    C) smooth.
    D) nonstriated involuntary.
    E) smooth voluntary.
    E) smooth voluntary.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Close examination of an organ reveals two middle tissue layers of organized cells. The layers seem to be running in circular and longitudinal directions. This tissue is probably
    A) muscle.
    B) fat tissue.
    C) epithelium.
    D) connective tissue.
    E) nervous.
    A) muscle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. The cell body of a neuron is also called
    A) an axon.
    B) a soma.
    C) dendrites.
    D) nerve fibers.
    E) a synapse.
    B) a soma.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which type of tissue contains neuroglial cells?
    A) nerve
    B) epithelial
    C) connective
    D) muscle
    E) squamous
    A) nerve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Cells of neural tissue that support the tissue are called
    A) adipocytes.
    B) neuroglia.
    C) fibroblasts.
    D) neurons.
    E) none of the above
    B) neuroglia.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. The replacement of normal tissue with abnormal tissue is called
    A) redness, warmth, and swelling.
    B) necrosis, fibrosis, and scarring.
    C) bleeding, clotting, and hemolysis.
    D) hematoma, shivering, and fever.
    E) none of the above
    B) necrosis, fibrosis, and scarring.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. The study of tissue is called ____________.
    histology
  53. Flattened cells on the surface are characteristic of _____________ epithelia.
    squamous
  54. Stringy proteins found in connective tissues are called __________.
    fibers
  55. The combination of fibers and ground substance in supporting connective tissues is known as _________.
    matrix
  56. The most abundant fluid connective tissue in the body is ___________.
    blood
  57. Epithelial and connective tissues combine to form ______________ and tissues in the body
    membranes
  58. Membranes that are mostly connective tissue with a discontinuous epithelium are called _________________________.
    synovial membranes
  59. ______________ membranes are associated with freely moveable joints
    Synovial
  60. _________ cells are modified to change shape in response to electrical stimuli.
    Muscle
  61. The type of muscle cell that has the ability to divide is _____________ muscle
    smooth
  62. Regions where adjacent cardiocytes interlock and electrical coupling between cells occurs are _________________________.
    intercalated disks
  63. ____________ are cells that support and protect the neurons
    Neuroglia
  64. Embryonic connective tissue is termed _________.
    A)mesenchyme
    B)ectoderm
    C)mesoderm
    D)endoderm
    E)matrix
    A)mesenchyme
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. These cells are named pseudostratified because
    A)they appear to be layered, but in fact are not.
    B)they are layered.
    C)they have cilia.
    D)they change shape from cuboidal to squamous as they approach the basal surface.
    A)they appear to be layered, but in fact are not.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Which type of epithelium is often covered with a protective layer of mucus produced by goblet cells?
    A)simple cuboidal epithelium in the kidney
    B)ciliated pseudostratified epithelium in the respiratory system
    C)transitional epithelium in the respiratory system
    D)simple squamous epithelium in the blood vessels
    B)ciliated pseudostratified epithelium in the respiratory system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Where is transitional epithelium found in humans?
    A)in the urinary bladder
    B)in the spleen
    C)in the kidney tubules
    D)in the liver
    A)in the urinary bladder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. In compact bone, the delicate canals that extend between one lacunae to another are called
    A)canaliculi.
    B)central canals.
    C)Haversian canals.
    D)lamellae.
    E)transverse canals.
    A)canaliculi.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. Which of the primary tissue types is the most abundant and the most variable?
    A)nervous tissue
    B)connective tissue
    C)epithelial tissue
    D)muscle tissue
    B)connective tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Which of the following tissue types respond quickly to changes in the membrane potential?
    A)skeletal muscle
    B)nervous tissue
    C)cardiac muscle
    D)All of the above.
    D)All of the above.
  71. his excitable tissue is characterized by having intercalated discs and striations.
    A)smooth muscle
    B)skeletal muscle
    C)glial cells
    D)cardiac muscle
    D)cardiac muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. If the secretory cells of an exocrine gland form a dilated sac, the gland is called a(n) ________ gland.
    A)tubular
    B)compound
    C)serous
    D)acinar
    D)acinar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. Cells that are undifferentiated and have not yet begun to perform specialized functions are known as
    A)stem cells.
    B)mast cells.
    C)plasma cells.
    D)fibroblasts.
    A)stem cells.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. How many different types of cells exist within the human body?
    A)100
    B)50
    C)200
    D)150
    C)200
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. Mesoderm differentiates directly into which of the following types of embryonic tissue?
    A)immature muscle
    B)bone
    C)mesenchyme
    D)cartilage
    C)mesenchyme
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. This tissue type has a mesodermal origin.
    A)columnar epithelium
    B)skeletal muscle
    C)squamous epithelium
    D)glands in the digestive tract
    E)neurons
    B)skeletal muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. The material that lies between an epithelium and its underlying connective tissue is called
    A)collagen layer.
    B)mucous membrane.
    C)matrix.
    D)endothelium.
    E)basement membrane.
    E)basement membrane.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. Transitional epithelium is found in the
    A)integument.
    B)sweat gland ducts.
    C)palms of the hands.
    D)ovarian follicles.
    E)urinary tract.
    E)urinary tract.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. The simple squamous epithelium lining the circulatory system is called
    A)keratinized epithelium.
    B)transitional epithelium.
    C)endothelium.
    D)mesothelium.
    C)endothelium.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. Which of the following substances are secreted by plasma cells?
    A)histamine
    B)heparin
    C)collagen fibers
    D)antibodies
    D)antibodies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. Collagen fibers are found in all of the following locations except
    A)tendons.
    B)transitional epithelium.
    C)bone.
    D)cartilage.
    B)transitional epithelium.
  82. From the contents of this tissue, one can produce a great amount of ATP.
    A)neutrophils
    B)adipose tissue
    C)areolar connective tissue
    D)hyaline cartilage
    E)dense fibrous connective tissue
    B)adipose tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. Which of the following is a description of a tight junction?
    A)a water-filled channel formed by six membrane proteins connecting adjacent cells
    B)pattern of complementary grooves and ridges in the membranes of two adjacent cells
    C)"spot weld" between two cells
    D)None of the above.
    B)pattern of complementary grooves and ridges in the membranes of two adjacent cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. The external surface of the stomach is covered by
    A) a basement membrane.
    B) a mucosa.
    C) a lamina propria.
    D) the parietal peritoneum.
    E) a serosa.
    E) a serosa.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. Which of these is a primary germ layer?
    A) epithelium
    B) mucosa
    C) ectoderm
    D) endothelium
    E)  epidermis
    C) ectoderm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. A seminiferous tubule of the testis is lined with epithelium.
    A) stratified cuboidal
    B) simple cuboidal
    C) transitional
    D) stratified squamous
    E) pseudostratified columnar ciliated
    A) stratified cuboidal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87.                          prevent fluids from seeping between epithelial cells.
    A) Communicating junctions
    B) Tight junctions
    C) Glycosaminoglycans
    D) Hemidesmosomes
    E) Basement membranes
    B) Tight junctions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. A fixative serves to
    A) stop tissue decay.
    B) repair a damaged tissue.
    C) bind cardiac myocytes together.
    D) improve contrast.
    E) bind epithelial cells together.
    A) stop tissue decay.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. The collagen of areolar tissue is produced by
    A) fibroblasts.
    B) macrophages.
    C) chondrocytes.
    D) leukocytes.
    E) mast cells.
    A) fibroblasts.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. Tendons are composed of connective tissue.
    A) areolar
    B) dense irregular
    C) yellow elastic
    D) dense regular
    E) skeletal
    D) dense regular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. The shape of the external ear is due to
    A) fibrocartilage.
    B) elastic cartilage.
    C) hyaline cartilage.
    D) articular cartilage.
    E) skeletal muscle.
    B) elastic cartilage.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. The most abundant formed element(s) of blood is/are
    A) platelets.
    B) leukocytes.
    C) erythrocytes.
    D) plasma.
    E) proteins.
    C) erythrocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. Any form of pathological tissue death is called __________
    necrosis
  94. The simple squamous epithelium that lines the peritoneal cavity is called __________.
    mesothelium
  95. Osteocytes and chondrocytes occupy little cavities called __________
    lacunae
  96. Muscle cells and axons are often called __________ because of their shape.
    fibers
  97. Tendons and ligaments are made mainly of the protein __________
    collagen
  98. The only type of muscle that lacks gap junctions is __________.
    skeleton
  99. An epithelium rests on a layer called the __________ between its deepest cells and the underlying connective tissue.
    basement membrane
  100. Fibers and ground substance make up the __________ of a connective tissue.
    matrix
  101. A/An __________ adult stem cell can differentiate into two or more mature cell types.
    multipotent
  102. Any epithelium in which every cell touches the basement membrane is called a/an __________ epithelium.
    simple
  103. The esophagus is protected from abrasion by a keratinized stratified squamous epithelium.

    True/False
    • False
    • The esophageal epithelium is nonkeratinized
  104. All cells of a pseudostratified columnar epithelium contact the basement membrane.

    True/False
    True
  105. Not all skeletal muscle is attached to bones.

    True/False
    True
  106. The stroma of a gland does not secrete anything.

    True/False
    True
  107. In all connective tissues, the matrix occupies more space than the cells do.

    True/False
    • False
    • Adipose tissue is an exception, cells constitute most of its volume
  108. Adipocytes are limited to adipose tissue.

    True/False
    • False
    • Adipocytes are found in areolar tissue, either singly or in small clusters
  109. Tight junctions function primarily to prevent cells from pulling apart

    True/false
    • False
    • Tight junctions serve mainly to restrict the passage of material between cells
  110. Metaplasia is a normal, healthy tissue transformation but neoplasia is not.

    True/False
    True
  111. Nerve and muscle cells are not the body's only electrically excitable cells.

    True/False
    True
  112. Cartilage is always covered by a fibrous perichondrium.

    True/False
    • False
    • Perichondrium is lacking from fibrocartilage and from hyaline articular cartilage
Author:
alyknight
ID:
200878
Card Set:
CH 5 A&P BIOL 223
Updated:
Folders:

Description:
Histology or Tissue
Show Answers: