CH 5 A&P BIOL 223

Card Set Information

Author:
alyknight
ID:
200878
Filename:
CH 5 A&P BIOL 223
Updated:
2013-02-16 14:04:21
Tags:
Histology or Tissue
Folders:

Description:
Histology or Tissue
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user alyknight on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. The four main types of tissues include

    A) epithelium.
    B) muscle.
    C) nerve.
    D) connective.
    E) all of the above
    E) all of the above
  2. Collections of specialized cells and cell products that perform a specific function are

    A) cellular aggregates.
    B) cellular strata.
    C) organs.
    D) organ systems.
    E) tissues.
    E) tissues.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The most abundant tissue type in the body is

    A) nervous tissue.
    B) contractive tissue.
    C) epithelial tissue.
    D) connective tissue.
    E) muscle tissue.
    D) connective tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Intercellular connections that lock cells together are called

    A) tight junctions.
    B) gap junctions.
    C) desmosomes.
    D) CAMS.
    E) none of the above
    C) desmosomes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Epithelial cells are adapted for

    A) providing protection.
    B) controlling permeability.
    C) providing sensations.
    D) producing secretions.
    E) all of the above
    E) all of the above
  6. Epithelial cells that are adapted for removing material from the surface usually have ________ at their free surface.

    A) microvilli
    B) Golgi complexes
    C) junctional complexes
    D) many mitochondria
    E) cilia
    E) cilia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. A type of intercellular connection in which the outermost lipid portions of the two cell membranes is fused is termed a(n)

    A) desmosome.
    B) intermediate junction.
    C) tight junction.
    D) gap junction.
    E) none of the above
    C) tight junction.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Dead skin cells are shed in thick sheets because the strong links are held together by

    A) intermediate junctions.
    B) gap junctions.
    C) junctional complexes.
    D) tight junctions.
    E) desmosomes.
    E) desmosomes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following is a term used to describe the number of layers of cells?

    A) stratified
    B) cuboidal
    C) columnar
    D) squamous
    E) All of the above are correct.
    A) stratified
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Examination of a tubular structure with the electron microscope reveals a lining of cells with microvilli. This tissue is from the

    A) small intestine.
    B) male reproductive system.
    C) stomach.
    D) female reproductive system.
    E) urinary bladder.
    A) small intestine.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The type of epithelium that is found in functional lung tissue is

    A) stratified cuboidal.
    B) simple cuboidal.
    C) transitional.
    D) simple squamous.
    E) stratified squamous.
    D) simple squamous.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following is a correct statement about stratified epithelia?

    A) They cover surfaces subjected to mechanical or chemical stress.
    B) They line internal compartments and passageways.
    C) They afford little mechanical protection.
    D) They are vascular.
    E) They are characteristic of regions where secretion or absorption occurs.
    A) They cover surfaces subjected to mechanical or chemical stress.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The type of epithelium found lining the respiratory tract is

    A) simple squamous.
    B) pseudostratified columnar.
    C) stratified squamous.
    D) simple cuboidal.
    E) transitional.
    B) pseudostratified columnar.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Simple squamous epithelium would be found

    A) lining the trachea.
    B) at the surface of the skin.
    C) lining the urinary bladder.
    D) lining blood vessels.
    E) lining the chambers of the thyroid gland.
    D) lining blood vessels.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. A simple cuboidal epithelium would be found

    A) lining kidney tubules.
    B) lining the stomach.
    C) at the surface of the skin.
    D) lining the urinary bladder.
    E) lining the ducts that drain sweat glands.
    A) lining kidney tubules.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The type of epithelium with multiple cell types whose nuclei are staggered is

    A) pseudostratified columnar epithelium.
    B) stratified cuboidal epithelium.
    C) stratified columnar epithelium.
    D) simple cuboidal epithelium.
    E) simple columnar epithelium.
    A) pseudostratified columnar epithelium.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The linings of sweat glands have this type of tissue.

    A) transitional epithelium
    B) pseudostratified columnar epithelium
    C) simple squamous
    D) stratified squamous
    E) simple cuboidal
    E) simple cuboidal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following cells is found in stratified squamous epithelial tissue?

    A) adipocyte
    B) melanocyte
    C) fibroblast
    D) macrophage
    E) mast cell
    B) melanocyte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Most of the digestive tract is lined by

    A) stratified squamous epithelia.
    B) transitional epithelia.
    C) simple squamous epithelia.
    D) columnar epithelia.
    E) transitional epithelia.
    D) columnar epithelia.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following protects all of the others?

    A) muscle
    B) nerves
    C) cartilage
    D) bone
    E) skin
    E) skin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following is a type of connective tissue?

    A) glandular tissue
    B) nervous tissue
    C) bone tissue
    D) muscle tissue
    E) simple squamous tissue
    C) bone tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A lymph node contains large amounts of

    A) intercellular glue.
    B) fibrous netting.
    C) reticular fibers.
    D) basement membrane.
    E) junctional complexes.
    C) reticular fibers.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Functions of connective tissue include

    A) establishing a structural framework for the body.
    B) transporting fluids and dissolved materials.
    C) providing protection for delicate organs.
    D) storing energy reserves.
    E) all of the above
    E) all of the above
  24. The fiber type that can be stretched is called

    A) collagen.
    B) elastin.
    C) myosin.
    D) actin.
    E) fibrin.
    B) elastin.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The cell that accounts for the least amount of the volume of blood is the

    A) leukocyte.
    B) platelet.
    C) thrombocyte.
    D) red blood cell.
    E) none of the above
    A) leukocyte.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The most common type of cartilage is

    A) elastic.
    B) fibrous cartilage.
    C) osseous.
    D) ligamentous.
    E) hyaline.
    E) hyaline.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Cells that release histamine and heparin are

    A) adipocytes.
    B) melanocytes.
    C) mast cells.
    D) macrophages.
    E) fibroblasts.
    C) mast cells.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which of the following is the strongest type of cartilage?

    A) hyaline cartilage.
    B) fibrous cartilage.
    C) reticular cartilage.
    D) transitional cartilage.
    E) elastic cartilage.
    B) fibrous cartilage.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Types of connective tissue include

    A) skeletal, smooth, and fibrous.
    B) simple squamous, adipose, and smooth.
    C) bone, elastic connective, and blood.
    D) fibrous connective, stratified squamous, and skeletal
    E) skeletal, smooth, and cardiac.
    C) bone, elastic connective, and blood.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Connective tissue structures that attach muscles to bone are called

    A) ligaments.
    B) cartilage.
    C) nerves.
    D) organs.
    E) tendons.
    E) tendons.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Examples of fibrous connective tissue include

    A) ligaments.
    B) A and D only.
    C) respiratory passages.
    D) salivary glands.
    E) tendons.
    B) A and D only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following are supportive connective tissues?

    A) both A and B
    B) adipose connective tissue
    C) bone
    D) dense connective tissue
    E) cartilage
    A) both A and B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. This type of tissue typically makes up the internal framework of organs such as the spleen.

    A) reticular
    B) serous
    C) neural
    D) cardiac
    E) skeletal
    A) reticular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Skeletal muscle is to muscle tissue as bone is to

    A) nervous tissue.
    B) muscle tissue.
    C) connective tissue.
    D) epithelial tissue.
    E) bone tissue.
    C) connective tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Why does damaged cartilage heal slowly?
    A) Damaged collagen cannot be quickly replaced, thus slowing the healing process.
    B) Cartilage is avascular, so nutrients and other molecules must diffuse to the site of injury.
    C) Chondrocytes divide more slowly than other cell types, delaying the healing process.
    D) Chondrocytes cannot be replaced if killed, and other cell types must take their place.
    E) Damaged cartilage becomes calcified, thus blocking the movement of materials required for healing.
    B) Cartilage is avascular, so nutrients and other molecules must diffuse to the site of injury.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Examination of a tissue sample reveals relatively few cells with a large amount of intercellular material. The tissue is most likely
    A) epithelium.
    B) connective tissue.
    C) muscle.
    D) adipose tissue.
    E) nervous.
    B) connective tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the following is made up of a complete simple columnar epithelium and a relatively large amount of underlying connective tissue, and provides lubrication?

    A) synovial membranes
    B) serous membranes
    C) cutaneous membranes
    D) mucous membranes
    E) none of the above
    D) mucous membranes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. A lubricating membrane that works with cartilage in a joint is called a
    A) synovial membrane.
    B) serous membrane.
    C) glandular membrane.
    D) mucous membrane.
    E) cutaneous membrane.
    A) synovial membrane.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The serous membrane lining the abdominal cavity is the
    A) pleura.
    B) peritoneum.
    C) periosteum.
    D) pericardium.
    E) perichondrium.
    B) peritoneum.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Tissue that is specialized for contraction is
    A) nerve tissue.
    B) connective tissue.
    C) epithelium.
    D) cartilage.
    E) muscle.
    E) muscle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. The muscle tissue without striations is
    A) smooth muscle.
    B) multinucleated muscle.
    C) voluntary muscle.
    D) cardiac muscle.
    E) skeletal muscle.
    A) smooth muscle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The muscle tissue that contains intercalated discs is
    A) voluntary muscle.
    B) cardiac muscle.
    C) multinucleate muscle.
    D) smooth muscle.
    E) skeletal muscle.
    B) cardiac muscle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The muscle tissue that usually attaches to bone is
    A) multinucleate muscle.
    B) cardiac muscle.
    C) smooth muscle.
    D) skeletal muscle.
    E) voluntary muscle.
    D) skeletal muscle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Tissue that contains large amounts of actin and myosin is
    A) epithelial tissue.
    B) osseous tissue.
    C) areolar tissue.
    D) nervous tissue.
    E) muscle tissue.
    E) muscle tissue.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Smooth muscle differs from the other two types of muscle tissue because
    A) it has the ability to contract independent of neural stimulation.
    B) it contains actin and myosin filaments.
    C) it has only one nucleus per cell.
    D) of its arrangement of actin and myosin.
    E) it forms muscle fibers.
    D) of its arrangement of actin and myosin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Another term for smooth muscle tissue is
    A) nonstriated involuntary.
    B) cardiac.
    C) striated voluntary.
    D) smooth.
    E) smooth voluntary.
    E) smooth voluntary.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Close examination of an organ reveals two middle tissue layers of organized cells. The layers seem to be running in circular and longitudinal directions. This tissue is probably
    A) epithelium.
    B) nervous.
    C) fat tissue.
    D) connective tissue.
    E) muscle.
    E) muscle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. The cell body of a neuron is also called
    A) a synapse.
    B) a soma.
    C) an axon.
    D) dendrites.
    E) nerve fibers.
    B) a soma.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which type of tissue contains neuroglial cells?
    A) connective
    B) squamous
    C) nerve
    D) muscle
    E) epithelial
    C) nerve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Cells of neural tissue that support the tissue are called
    A) fibroblasts.
    B) neuroglia.
    C) adipocytes.
    D) neurons.
    E) none of the above
    B) neuroglia.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. The replacement of normal tissue with abnormal tissue is called
    A) necrosis, fibrosis, and scarring.
    B) hematoma, shivering, and fever.
    C) redness, warmth, and swelling.
    D) bleeding, clotting, and hemolysis.
    E) none of the above
    A) necrosis, fibrosis, and scarring.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. The study of tissue is called ____________.
    histology
  53. Flattened cells on the surface are characteristic of _____________ epithelia.
    squamous
  54. Stringy proteins found in connective tissues are called __________.
    fibers
  55. The combination of fibers and ground substance in supporting connective tissues is known as _________.
    matrix
  56. The most abundant fluid connective tissue in the body is ___________.
    blood
  57. Epithelial and connective tissues combine to form ______________ and tissues in the body
    membranes
  58. Membranes that are mostly connective tissue with a discontinuous epithelium are called _________________________.
    synovial membranes
  59. ______________ membranes are associated with freely moveable joints
    Synovial
  60. _________ cells are modified to change shape in response to electrical stimuli.
    Muscle
  61. The type of muscle cell that has the ability to divide is _____________ muscle
    smooth
  62. Regions where adjacent cardiocytes interlock and electrical coupling between cells occurs are _________________________.
    intercalated disks
  63. ____________ are cells that support and protect the neurons
    Neuroglia
  64. Embryonic connective tissue is termed _________.
    A)endoderm
    B)mesenchyme
    C)ectoderm
    D)matrix
    E)mesoderm
    B)mesenchyme
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. These cells are named pseudostratified because
    A)they appear to be layered, but in fact are not.
    B)they change shape from cuboidal to squamous as they approach the basal surface.
    C)they have cilia.
    D)they are layered.
    A)they appear to be layered, but in fact are not.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Which type of epithelium is often covered with a protective layer of mucus produced by goblet cells?
    A)transitional epithelium in the respiratory system
    B)simple cuboidal epithelium in the kidney
    C)ciliated pseudostratified epithelium in the respiratory system
    D)simple squamous epithelium in the blood vessels
    C)ciliated pseudostratified epithelium in the respiratory system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Where is transitional epithelium found in humans?
    A)in the kidney tubules
    B)in the spleen
    C)in the urinary bladder
    D)in the liver
    C)in the urinary bladder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. In compact bone, the delicate canals that extend between one lacunae to another are called
    A)canaliculi.
    B)Haversian canals.
    C)lamellae.
    D)transverse canals.
    E)central canals.
    A)canaliculi.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. Which of the primary tissue types is the most abundant and the most variable?
    A)connective tissue
    B)muscle tissue
    C)nervous tissue
    D)epithelial tissue
    A)connective tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Which of the following tissue types respond quickly to changes in the membrane potential?
    A)skeletal muscle
    B)nervous tissue
    C)cardiac muscle
    D)All of the above.
    D)All of the above.
  71. his excitable tissue is characterized by having intercalated discs and striations.
    A)skeletal muscle
    B)glial cells
    C)smooth muscle
    D)cardiac muscle
    D)cardiac muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. If the secretory cells of an exocrine gland form a dilated sac, the gland is called a(n) ________ gland.
    A)compound
    B)tubular
    C)acinar
    D)serous
    C)acinar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. Cells that are undifferentiated and have not yet begun to perform specialized functions are known as
    A)stem cells.
    B)mast cells.
    C)fibroblasts.
    D)plasma cells.
    A)stem cells.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. How many different types of cells exist within the human body?
    A)100
    B)50
    C)150
    D)200
    D)200
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. Mesoderm differentiates directly into which of the following types of embryonic tissue?
    A)mesenchyme
    B)bone
    C)cartilage
    D)immature muscle
    A)mesenchyme
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. This tissue type has a mesodermal origin.
    A)squamous epithelium
    B)skeletal muscle
    C)columnar epithelium
    D)glands in the digestive tract
    E)neurons
    B)skeletal muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. The material that lies between an epithelium and its underlying connective tissue is called
    A)collagen layer.
    B)basement membrane.
    C)endothelium.
    D)matrix.
    E)mucous membrane.
    B)basement membrane.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. Transitional epithelium is found in the
    A)sweat gland ducts.
    B)ovarian follicles.
    C)urinary tract.
    D)integument.
    E)palms of the hands.
    C)urinary tract.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. The simple squamous epithelium lining the circulatory system is called
    A)keratinized epithelium.
    B)transitional epithelium.
    C)endothelium.
    D)mesothelium.
    C)endothelium.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. Which of the following substances are secreted by plasma cells?
    A)antibodies
    B)collagen fibers
    C)heparin
    D)histamine
    A)antibodies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. Collagen fibers are found in all of the following locations except
    A)tendons.
    B)transitional epithelium.
    C)bone.
    D)cartilage.
    B)transitional epithelium.
  82. From the contents of this tissue, one can produce a great amount of ATP.
    A)dense fibrous connective tissue
    B)neutrophils
    C)hyaline cartilage
    D)areolar connective tissue
    E)adipose tissue
    E)adipose tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. Which of the following is a description of a tight junction?
    A)a water-filled channel formed by six membrane proteins connecting adjacent cells
    B)"spot weld" between two cells
    C)pattern of complementary grooves and ridges in the membranes of two adjacent cells
    D)None of the above.
    C)pattern of complementary grooves and ridges in the membranes of two adjacent cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. The external surface of the stomach is covered by
    A) the parietal peritoneum.
    B) a serosa.
    C) a lamina propria.
    D) a mucosa.
    E) a basement membrane.
    B) a serosa.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. Which of these is a primary germ layer?
    A) epithelium
    B) ectoderm
    C)  epidermis
    D) mucosa
    E) endothelium
    B) ectoderm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. A seminiferous tubule of the testis is lined with epithelium.
    A) pseudostratified columnar ciliated
    B) transitional
    C) simple cuboidal
    D) stratified squamous
    E) stratified cuboidal
    E) stratified cuboidal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87.                          prevent fluids from seeping between epithelial cells.
    A) Tight junctions
    B) Hemidesmosomes
    C) Communicating junctions
    D) Basement membranes
    E) Glycosaminoglycans
    A) Tight junctions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. A fixative serves to
    A) improve contrast.
    B) stop tissue decay.
    C) repair a damaged tissue.
    D) bind epithelial cells together.
    E) bind cardiac myocytes together.
    B) stop tissue decay.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. The collagen of areolar tissue is produced by
    A) fibroblasts.
    B) macrophages.
    C) mast cells.
    D) chondrocytes.
    E) leukocytes.
    A) fibroblasts.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. Tendons are composed of connective tissue.
    A) dense regular
    B) areolar
    C) skeletal
    D) dense irregular
    E) yellow elastic
    A) dense regular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. The shape of the external ear is due to
    A) fibrocartilage.
    B) skeletal muscle.
    C) elastic cartilage.
    D) articular cartilage.
    E) hyaline cartilage.
    C) elastic cartilage.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. The most abundant formed element(s) of blood is/are
    A) leukocytes.
    B) erythrocytes.
    C) platelets.
    D) plasma.
    E) proteins.
    B) erythrocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. Any form of pathological tissue death is called __________
    necrosis
  94. The simple squamous epithelium that lines the peritoneal cavity is called __________.
    mesothelium
  95. Osteocytes and chondrocytes occupy little cavities called __________
    lacunae
  96. Muscle cells and axons are often called __________ because of their shape.
    fibers
  97. Tendons and ligaments are made mainly of the protein __________
    collagen
  98. The only type of muscle that lacks gap junctions is __________.
    skeleton
  99. An epithelium rests on a layer called the __________ between its deepest cells and the underlying connective tissue.
    basement membrane
  100. Fibers and ground substance make up the __________ of a connective tissue.
    matrix
  101. A/An __________ adult stem cell can differentiate into two or more mature cell types.
    multipotent
  102. Any epithelium in which every cell touches the basement membrane is called a/an __________ epithelium.
    simple
  103. The esophagus is protected from abrasion by a keratinized stratified squamous epithelium.

    True/False
    • False
    • The esophageal epithelium is nonkeratinized
  104. All cells of a pseudostratified columnar epithelium contact the basement membrane.

    True/False
    True
  105. Not all skeletal muscle is attached to bones.

    True/False
    True
  106. The stroma of a gland does not secrete anything.

    True/False
    True
  107. In all connective tissues, the matrix occupies more space than the cells do.

    True/False
    • False
    • Adipose tissue is an exception, cells constitute most of its volume
  108. Adipocytes are limited to adipose tissue.

    True/False
    • False
    • Adipocytes are found in areolar tissue, either singly or in small clusters
  109. Tight junctions function primarily to prevent cells from pulling apart

    True/false
    • False
    • Tight junctions serve mainly to restrict the passage of material between cells
  110. Metaplasia is a normal, healthy tissue transformation but neoplasia is not.

    True/False
    True
  111. Nerve and muscle cells are not the body's only electrically excitable cells.

    True/False
    True
  112. Cartilage is always covered by a fibrous perichondrium.

    True/False
    • False
    • Perichondrium is lacking from fibrocartilage and from hyaline articular cartilage

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview