Surgical Technology

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Author:
dawnluber
ID:
20088
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Surgical Technology
Updated:
2010-05-21 18:12:07
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Surgical Technology General Surgery
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Surgical Technology General Surgery 2
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  1. Omentum
    A double fold of peritoneum attached to the stomach
  2. Pancreas
    Only organ that is both an endorcine and exocrine gland, dumps into the duodenum via the duct of Wirsung, which turns into the duct of Santorini
  3. Peritoneum
    Serous membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic walls and hold the viscera in place
  4. Rectus Abdominus
    Vertical muscle of the abdominal wall
  5. Retroperitoneal
    A plane, not a space, behind the peritoneum
  6. Small intestine 3 parts
    Duodenum, ileum, jejunum
  7. Spleen
    The largest mass of lymphatic tissue in the upper left abdominal quadrant
  8. Vagus nerve
    Parasympathetic nerve that innervates the stomach
  9. Appendectomy
    Appendix is severed from its attachement at the cecum and removed
  10. Cholecystectomy
    Removal of gallbladder
  11. Colon Resection, AKA?
    Removal of the entire or diseased part of the colon

    Colectomy
  12. Colostomy
    Surgically created openeing from a portion of the colon to the exterior skin through the abdominal wall
  13. Esophagectomy
    Excision of a part of the esophagus
  14. Exploaratory laparotomy
    Surgically opening the abdominal wall and entering the peritoneal cavity
  15. Gastrectomy
    Removal of the lower half to 2 thirds of the stomach with continuity reestablished by several methods
  16. Gastric Bypass, AKA?
    Creation of a small proximal gastric pouch by stapling the duodenum and bypassing the distal end of the stomach with a gastrojejunostomy

    Roux-en-Y
  17. Billiroth I
    Subtotal gastrectomy and gastroduodenostomy, in which the remaining portion of the stomach is anastomosed to the duodenum
  18. Billiroth II
    Subtotal gastrectomy and gastrojejunotomy in which the remaining portion of the stomach is anastomosed to the jejunum
  19. Gastrostomy
    Creates a fistula to introduce food into the stomach, inserting a PEG catheter into the stomach with the aid of a fiberoptic gastroscope
  20. Ileostomy
    Externalization through the abdominal wall of the proximal end of the transected ileum; performed in conjunction with a total colostomy
  21. Liver resection
    Partial removal of the liver
  22. Nissen's fundoplication, AKA?
    • Wrapping the proximal stomach around the gastroensophageal junction to prevent esophageal reflux
    • Esophageal hiatal herniorrhaphy
  23. Parathyroidectomy
    Excision of one or more of the parathyroid glands
  24. Pilonidal cystectomy
    excesionof a cyst with its sinus tracts in the sacrococcygeal region
  25. Pyloromyotomy
    Incision through the pyloric muscle to release a stenosis or stricture
  26. Splenectomy
    Removal of the spleen
  27. Thyroidectomy
    Removal of the thyroid gland
  28. Tracheostomy
    Inciscing the trachea to insert a tube through which the patient breathes
  29. Tracheotomy
    Incision of the trachea
  30. Vagotomy
    Resection of portions of the vagus nerve near the stomach at the level of the esophagus
  31. Whipple procedure, AKA?
    Radical removal of the head of the pancreas, the entire duodenum, a portion of the jejunum, the distal third of the stomach, and the lower half of the common bile duct with reconstruction utilizing anastomosis of biliary-intestinal continuity.

    pancreaticoduodenectomy
  32. Anoscopy
    Examination of the mucosa of the anal canal
  33. Cholangiogram
    Using radiology to assess stones in the biliary tract
  34. Choledochoscopy
    Examination of the common bile duct
  35. CT
    Noninvasive diagnostic method of viewing body tissue that uses an x-ray beam in conjunction with a computer
  36. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    Examination of the esophagus and stomach and the duodenum
  37. Esophagoscopy
    Examination of the esophagus
  38. MRI
    Uses electro-magnetic energy to provide soft-tissue images
  39. Needle aspiration
    Suctioning blood, body fluids, and tissue fluids
  40. Proctoscopy
    Examination of the mucosa of the rectum and anal canal
  41. Sigmoidoscopy
    Examination of the sigmoid colon and rectum, including removal of polyps and tissue specimens
  42. Ultrasound
    Outlines the shape of tissues and organs to identify structural defects
  43. Type of drain used in appendectomy
    Penrose
  44. Modified radical mastectomy
    Removal of the entire breast, all axillary lymph nodes are resected; the major pectoralis muscle is left in place; the minor pectoralis muscle may or may not be resected
  45. Radical mastectomy
    Removal of the entire breast with axillary lymph nodes, pectoral muscles, and all fat, fascia and adjacent tissues
  46. Simple mastectomy
    Removal of the entire breast without the lymph nodes or muslce dissection
  47. Subcutaneous mastectomy
    Removal of all breast tissue with the overlying skin and nipple left intact
  48. Biliary atresia
    Congenital absence of bile ducts
  49. Cholelithiasis
    Gall stones
  50. Cholecystectmy
    Removal of the gallbladder
  51. Cholecystotomy
    Establishing an opening into the gallbladder to permit drainage of the organ and removal of stones
  52. Choledochotomy
    Incision of the common bile duct for exploration and removal of stones
  53. Cholecystoduodenostomy
    Anastomosis between the gallbladder and the duodenum
  54. Cholecystojejunostomy
    Anastomosis between the gallbladder and the jejunum
  55. Choledochoduodenostomy
    Side to side or end to end anastomosis between the duodenum and the common bile duct
  56. Choledochojejunostomy, AKA?
    Side to side or end to end anastomosis between the jejunum and the common bile duct
  57. Transduodenal sphincterotomy
    Partial division of the sphincter of Oddi and exploration of the distal end of the common bile duct
  58. Ileostomy
    The creation of a pouch from the ileum to collect intestinal contaents which drain into a bag worn on the abdomen
  59. Esophagectomy
    The removal of the diseased portions of the esophagus and stomach and the anastomosis of the remaining parts
  60. Excision of Zenker's diverticulum
    Removal of a herniation in the esophageal wall
  61. Pyloromyotomy
    Incision through pyloric muscle to release a stenosis or stricture
  62. Pyloroplasty
    Enlargement of the pyloric opening
  63. Gastric bypass
    Creation of a small proximal gastric pouch by stapling the duodenum and bypassing the distal end of the stomach with a gastrojejunostomy
  64. Describe Hesselbach's triangle
    • Deep epigastric vessels laterally
    • Inguinal ligament inferiorly
    • Rectus abdominis muscle medially
  65. Epigastric hernia
    Protrusions of intestine through defects in the abdominal wall
  66. Femoral hernia
    Protrudes from the groin, below the inguinal ligament into the thigh
  67. Hiatal hernia
    Protrusion of a portion of the stomach through the opening for the esophagus
  68. Incarcerated (irriducible) hernia
    Contents are trapped in the extraabdominal sac and cannot be returned to the normal cavity
  69. Incisional hernia
    Protrusion from a surgical scar
  70. Reducible hernia
    Contents of the hernial sac can be returned to the normal intra-abdominal position
  71. Inguinal hernia
    Direct or indirect hernias represent attenuations or tears in the transversal fascia
  72. Strangulated hernia
    Contents are trapped in the extra-abdominal sac, the blood supply is cut off, and will eventually undergo necrosis
  73. Umbilical hernia
    Small fascial defects around the naval
  74. Ventral hernia
    Any hernia through the abdominal wall; can appear after previous operations (incisional) or spontaneously
  75. Parathyroidectomy
    Excision of one or more of the parathyroid glands up to 3 1/2 glands may be removed if all glands appear to be diseased.
  76. Substernal intrathoracic thyroidectomy
    Excision of enlarged goiter into the substernal and intrathoracic regions which may be causing tracheal obstruction
  77. Truncal vagotomy
    Interrupts vagal trunks at esophageal hiatus or diaphragm
  78. Selective vagotomy
    Denervates stomach
  79. Proximal vagotomy
    Interrups vagal branches along lesser curvature of stomach

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