Exotic Reptile Vocab

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Anonymous
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200976
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Exotic Reptile Vocab
Updated:
2013-02-16 14:12:09
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Exotic Reptile
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Vocab
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  1. a person who studies reptiles and amphibians
    Herpetologist
  2. lives in trees
    Arboreal
  3. lives on the ground
    Terrestrial
  4. an animal that regulates its body temperature by utilizing warm and cool zones in the environment (cold-blooded)
    Exothermic
  5. and animal that is able to regulate its body temperature internally (warm-blooded)
    Endothermic
  6. the act of lying in a warm area in order to absorb heat
    Bask
  7. moving between warm and cool areas in order to regulate body temperature
    Thermo Regulate
  8. active at night
    Nocturnal
  9. active in the day
    Diurnal
  10. eats vegetation or plant material
    Herbivore
  11. eats meat
    Carnivore
  12. eats both meat and vegetation
    Omnivore
  13. eats insects
    Insectivore
  14. an animal that hunts for other animals
    Predator
  15. an animal hunted by other animals for food
    Prey
  16. toxic compound secreted by some animals for the purpose of illing or defense
    venom
  17. a modified saliva gland in the maxilla that produces venom
    venom gland
  18. a serum that may neutralize the toxic qualities of venom
    antivenom
  19. a poisonous compound that destroys the nervous system
    neurotoxin
  20. a poisonous compound that attacks blood cells
    hemotoxin
  21. hollow or grooved teeth found in venomous reptiles; during a bite, venom is injected thru them
    Fangs
  22. when a venomous reptile bites and no venom is releases
    dry bite
  23. the opening of the airway. it is moveable to allow breathing during the eating process
    glottis
  24. area on the lips of boas and pythons that are heat sensitive
    heat pits
  25. a tail that is capable of grasping
    prehensile
  26. a foul smelling substance produced by scent glands in the base of the tail
    musk
  27. an animal that eats whenever food is available
    opportunistic feeder
  28. found in the roof of a reptile's mouth that aids in the identification of prey. the tongue will flick out and draw in scent molecules from the air. (slang: Jacobson's organ)
    vomeronasal organ
  29. an enlarged scale. seen commonly in turtles and crocodilians, or the underside of snakes
    scute
  30. transparent skin that has fused over the snake's eye
    spectacle
  31. a small appendage located on either side of the vent found in boas and pythons
    spur
  32. a pregnant female reptile
    gravid
  33. to keep eggs in condition favorable to development and hatching
    incubate
  34. process where the outer layer of a reptile skin peels away
    shedding
  35. a covering over some reptiles eyes
    brill
  36. adjusting habits so that a species may improve its condition in relationship to its environment
    adaptation
  37. colors or shapes used by plants and animals to blend into its surroundings and prevent being seen
    camouflage
  38. plates of bone in a reptile's tail that will allow the tail to break off
    transverse cleavage plates
  39. similar to the abdominal cavity of mammals; birds and reptiles do not have a diaphragm to separate the thorax and abdomen
    coelomic cavity
  40. where the female's eggs are produced
    oviducts
  41. a reptiles rectum
    vent
  42. located directly on the top of some reptiles head that is connected via the parietal nerve to the pineal body of the brain. it is a photoreceptor used in hormone production and thermoregulatory behavior (slang: the third eye)
    parietal eye
  43. births live young
    viviparous
  44. lays eggs
    oviparous
  45. internally incubates eggs, then when the eggs hatch the mother births live young
    ovoviviparous
  46. dead skin that has not sloughed off during the shedding process. happens due to improper husbandry or illness/injury
    retained shed
  47. the ability for the reptile to return itself to the normal upright position
    righting reflex
  48. the body's internal temperature that surrounds the internal organs. reptiles maintain their core temperature for 2 hours after being removed from their habitat
    core temperature
  49. the top shell of a tortoise, turtle, or terrapin
    carapace
  50. the bottom shell of a tortoise, turtle or terrapin
    plastron
  51. the organ that functions as a lung in reptile that do not have lungs
    air sac
  52. the membrand that covers the ear cavity
    tympanic membrane
  53. when the sex of an animal can be determined simply by sight and or observation in some cases (sexually diamorphic)
    dimorphic
  54. skin that absorbs into the body any medications or anesthetics that are placed onto it
    semi permeable skin
  55. 4 modes of respiration used in amphibians
    bronchial, buccopharyngeal, cutaneous, pulmonic
  56. breathing thro
  57. breathing thru gills
    bronchial
  58. breathing done thru air gulping
    buccopharyngeal
  59. oxygen absorption thru the skin
    cutaneous
  60. oxygen absorption thru the blood
    pulmonic

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