soci ch 3,4,5

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eblunk22
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201026
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soci ch 3,4,5
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2013-02-16 21:03:03
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socialogiy
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soci
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  1. 1)             is a people's way of life that is
    2)                from generation to generation.
    • 1) Culture
    • 2) passed
  2.               are rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior.
    Norms
  3. 1)             are norms of great significance. They are thought to be 2)            to the well-being of society.
    • 1) Mores
    • 2)vital
  4. in other words, if we have been properly 1)      , we will 2)                              ourselves before breaking a norm.
    • 1) socialized
    • 2) mentally sanction
  5. Artifacts, or physical objects, have no                 or use apart from the meanings people give them.
    Meaning
  6. Both the creation and the transmission of culter depnda heavily on the humanity on the human capasity to develop and use 1)                           ,the most significant of which is 2)                .
    • 1) symbols
    • 2) language
  7. 1)              frees humans from the limits of 
    2)              and 3)             .
    • 1) Language
    • 2) time
    • 3) place
  8. A 1)                  is a subculture that deliberately and consiously 2)                 certain central aspects of the dominant culter.
    • 1) counterculter
    • 2) opposes
  9. This tendency to judge in relation to one's own cultural standards is referred to as               .
    ethnocontrism
  10. 1)                               - the psychological and 2)                stress we may experience when confronted with a radically different cultural enviroment- is one such negative consequence.
    • 1) Culture shock
    • 2) social
  11. But socialization is not limited to the early years; it is a                process enabling people to fit into all kinds of social groups.
    life long
  12. 1)           , holding, 2)             , and communication appear to be essential to human 3)                 .
    • 1) Touching
    • 2) stroking
    • 3) development
  13. The 1)             persective views socialization. .. as a wy of perpetuating 2)                         .
    • 1) conflict
    • 2) status quo
  14. First, we 1)               appear to others. Next, we imagine the 2)            of others to our imagined appearance. Finally, we evaluate ourselves according to how we imagine others have 3)               us.
    • 1) imagined
    • 2) reaction
    • 3) judged
  15. Those whos judgements are more impportant to our self-concept are called               -         .
    signaficant-others
  16. as this change taked place, a                         -as intergrated conception of the norm, values, and beliefs on one's community or society-emerges.
    generalized others
  17. once the self-concept has been fractured,         -the process of learning to adopt new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors - can begin.
    resocialization
  18. The first year of school involves a transition from an environment saturated with personal relationships to an                                .
    impersonal enviroment
  19. A primary function of the 1)                      in informing children about their 2)              .
    • 1)mass media
    • 2)culture
  20. However, after hundreds of studies involving more than 10,000 children, most now conclude that watching 1)              behavior on television significantly increases 2)             .
    • 1) aggressive
    • 2) aggression
  21. In other words, in our minds, we carry a                       for various group situations.
    social man
  22. each of these labels refers to a 1)            - a position a person 2)                 within a social structure.
    • 1) status
    • 2) occupies
  23. As 1)            status is neither earned nor chosen; it is assigned to us... An 2)           status is earned or chosen because people have some degree of 3)             and choice.
    • 1) Ascribed
    • 2)Achieved
    • 3) Control
  24.             statuses are important because they influence most other aspects of a person's life.
    Master
  25. "1)              are the culturally defined 2)            

    and 3)               attached to a status..."
    • 1) Roles
    • 2) rights
    • 3)obligations
  26. To continue the stage metaphor, roles are the
    1)            that indicates to the actors (           holders) what beliefs, feelings, and actions are expected of them.
    • 1) scripts
    • 2) status
  27. Role                 is the actual conduct, or behavior, activating a role.
    performance
  28. Role 1)                occurs when the performance of a role in one              clashes with that in another status.
    • 1) conflict
    • 2) status
  29. In societies in which the division of labor is 1)           - in which most people are doing the same type of work - 2)                  solidarity is the foundation for social unity.
    • 1) simple
    • 2) mechanical
  30. This modern industrial society is based on 1)         solidarity. It achieves social 2)           through a complex of specialized statuses that force interdependence among members of a society.
    • 1) organic
    • 2) unity
  31. The Thomas theorm
    "If a person defines situations are real, they are real in their consequences."
  32. The problem with the meadia" It creates needs" be advertising
    We are tempted to buy things we don't need... with money we don't have... to impress people we don't know....
  33. Agents of socialization
    • 1) the family
    • 2) Daycare
    • 3) school
    • 4) peers
    • 5) religion
    • 6) mass media
  34. The cultural principles
    • social factor such as :
    • 1) roles
    • 2) religion
    • 3) social class
  35. Some U.S. values
    • 1) money & power
    • 2) looks
    • 3) athletic ability, talents
    • 4) Intelligence
  36. Problems with U.S. values
    • 1) short-term
    • 2) can't garenteed to make someone happy
    • 3) are largely out of our control
  37. The central sociological significance of language
    • 1) shared past ex 9/11 attack
    • 2) shared future - can help us plan and anticipate
    • 3) shared view of reality, and shapes reality (firemen 9/11)

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