Anatomy week 3

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Anatomy week 3
2013-02-16 20:38:59

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  1. clavicle:
    collar bone
  2. scapula:
    shoulder blade
  3. humerus:
    upper arm
  4. ulna:
    lower arm inside bone
  5. radius:
    lower arm outside bone
  6. carpals:
    wrist bone
  7. metacarpals:
    bone located in the palm area
  8. phalanges  (hand):
    14 per hand (fingers)
  9. os coxae:
    the combined three bones that make up the pelvic girdle
  10. ischium:
    mid pelvic bone
  11. ilium:
    upper pelvic bone
  12. pubis:
    lower pelvic bone
  13. femur:
    upper leg bone
  14. patella:
  15. tibia:
    larger inside bone of the lower leg
  16. fibula:
     smaller outside bone of the lower leg
  17. tarsals:
    ankle bones
  18. metatarsals:
    bones in the foot from calcaueus to tow tips
  19. phalanges (foot):
    14 in each foot (toe bones)
  20. talus:
    ankle bone second largest of the tarsal bones
  21. calcaneus:
    heel bone (largest tarsal bone)
  22. articulation:
    union between two or more bones
  23. joint:
    formation of multiple bones
  24. synarthrosis:
    joint that has no movement
  25. suture:
     immobile joints
  26. syndesmosis:
    connected by ligaments between bones
  27. gomphosis:
    conical process I a socket (teeth)
  28. ampihiarthrosis:
    a joint with slight movement
  29. symphysis:
    connected be a disk of fibrocartilage
  30. diarthrosis:
    this joint allows free movement
  31. flexion:
     bending joint
  32. extension:
    straightening joint
  33. dorsiflexion:
    raising the toes
  34. plantar extension:
     lowering the toes
  35. elevation:
    moving a body part in a superior direction
  36. depression:
    moving a body part in a inferior direction
  37. abduction:
    moving away from medium
  38. adduction:
    moving toward medium
  39. lateral rotation:
     movement of arm or leg around its axis away from centerline
  40. medial rotation:
     movement of the arm or leg toward centerline
  41. circumduction:
     movement of arm, leg, head in a none shape
  42. supination:
    turning palm upward
  43. pronation:
     turning palm downward
  44. eversion:
    turning bottom of foot outward
  45. inversion:
     turning bottom of foot inward
  46. ball and socket:
    widest range of motion, hips, shoulders
  47. hinge:
    convex surface fits into concave surface
  48. pivot:
    rotation in one place
  49. condyloid:
    oval shaped coudyle fits into an elliptical cavity
  50. saddle:
    motion in two plane at right angles
  51. gliding:
     gliding motion, joints in spine
  52. skeletal muscles:  
    allow movement in extremities
  53. smooth muscles:
     intestines, ureters, veins, arteries
  54. cardiac muscle:
    pumps blood through the heart
  55. myofibrils:
    contracting elements, casroplasm
  56. fascicle:
    muscle fibers into bundles
  57. fascia:
     movement of muscle on muscle
  58. tendon:
    attach muscle to bone
  59. sarcomere:
     contracting unit of the myofibril
  60. motor unit:
    all muscles in a motor unit are interconnected my a single motor muscle
  61. properties of a muscle cell:
    flexibility, elasticity, conductivity, contractility
  62. muscle tone:
    state of partial contraction throughout the whole muscle.
  63. smooth muscle:
    found in hollow structures like blood vessels
  64. cardiac muscle:
     found in the heart
  65. action:
    what it does
  66. shape:
    what it looks like
  67. location:
    where it is
  68. origin and insertion:  
    where it begins/ ends
  69. direction of fibers:
    contributes to its functions
  70. origin:
    fixed attachment of muscle
  71. insertion:
    movable attachment of muscle
  72. tendons:
     attach muscle to bone
  73. agonist:
     bring about action
  74.  prime mover:
    bring about action
  75. antagonist:
    appose agonist
  76. synergist:
    against prime mover
  77. flexor:
     bend limb at joint
  78. extensor:
    straighten limb at joint
  79. abductor:
    move limb away from prime middle
  80. adductor:
    bring limb toward middle
  81. rotator:
    rotate limb on axis
  82. levator:
    raise part of the body
  83. depressor:
     lower part of body
  84. dorsiflexor:
    raise the foot
  85. plantar flexor:
     lower the foot
  86. supinator:
     turn palm upward
  87. pronator:
     turn palm downward
  88. occipitalis:
    back of the skull
  89. frontalis:
    on the forehead, wrinkles the brow
  90. zygomaticus:
    lifts upper lateral lip
  91. levator labii superioris:
     lifts the upper medial lip
  92. orbicularis oris:
    around the mouth opening, the kissing muscle
  93. buccinator:
    holds the cheek side
  94. masseter:
    deep masseter helps hold the jaw bone in place
  95. temporalis:
    holds the jaw bone in place at the pivot
  96. orbicularis oculi:
    ring around the eye to close it
  97. superior rectus:
     rolls the eyeball upward
  98. inferior rectus:
    rolls the eyeball downward
  99. medial rectus:
    rolls the eye medialward towards the nose
  100. lateral rectus:
    rolls the eye laterally
  101. superior oblique:
    twisting of the eye top
  102. inferior oblique:
    aposing twisting of the eyeball
  103. sternocleidomastoid:
    from the clavicle to the back lower edge of the skull
  104. serratus anterior:
     inner most layer, from spine to scapula
  105. rhomboids (major and minor):
    outside or posterior to the serratus, another inverted V from spine to scapula
  106. levator scapulae:
    narrow bands from the side of the neck down the top of the scapula
  107. pectoralis minor:
    from the ribs up to the top of the shoulder
  108. trapezius: 
    large flat muscle, runs from the upper and middle spine to the scapula
  109. rectus abdominis:
    outermost layer, in a band down the front, fibers run vertical
  110. external oblique:
    next layer, wraps around, fibers angle down to thegroin
  111. internal oblique:
     next layer, wraps around also, fibers angle in an upward V
  112. transversus abdominis:
    innermost, wraps around, fibers run horizontal
  113. diaphragm:
     a large flat muscle inside the ribcage – when contracted, it pulls air into the lungs by pushing the stomach and other lower organs down
  114. internal intercostals:
    located between the ribs, with the fibers of the two layers running at right angles to each other- – when contracted, they draw the ribs together and expand the ribcage, which helps to draw air into the lungs