chapter 38 and 39

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chapter 38 and 39
2013-02-17 21:24:39
chapter 38 39

chapter 38 and 39
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  1. mammary gland
  2. ceruminous gland
  3. sudiferous gland
  4. sebaceous gland
  5. major functions of the skin
    to protect vital internal organs form infection and injury

    synthesizes vitamin D when exposed to UV light

    helps dissipate heat and regulate body temperature
  6. skin is made up of three layers
    epiderms: uppermost layer

    dermis: thicker layer makes up 90% of skin also know as true skin. connective tissue

    subcutaneous: fatty or adipose tissue
  7. macule
  8. papule
    allergic eczema
  9. nodule
  10. tumor
    squamous cell carcinoma
  11. plaque
  12. wheal
    skin test
  13. vesicle
    herpesvirus infection
  14. bulla
  15. pustule
  16. scales
  17. crust
  18. fissure
    athlete's foot
  19. ulcer
    decubitus pressure sore
  20. scar
    surgical healing
  21. atrophy
  22. the largest organ of the human body
    the skin
  23. dermatology deals with
    • skin
    • accessory structures
    • hair
    • nails
    • sweat glands
    • subcutaneous tissue
  24. new skin cells is called

    keratinocytes are found in the basal cell layer of the epidermis and migrate upward over about 4 weeks
  25. kertatin
    a very hard tough protein found in the hair nails and epidermal tissue
  26. alopecia
    partial or complete lack of hair
  27. anaplastic
    an aletration in cells to a more primitive

    cancer producing cells
  28. bilirubin
    an orange pigment in bile it is accumulation leads to jaundice
  29. cryosurgery
    the technique of exposing tissue to extreme cole to produce a well-defined area of cell destruction
  30. debridement
    the removal of foreign material and dead damaged tissue from a wound
  31. dermabrasion
    a procedure in which revolving wire brushes or sandpaper is used to remove superficial scars it typically is performed to reduce acne scars
  32. electrodesiccation
    the destruction of cells and tissue by means of short high-frequency electrical sparks
  33. exacerbation
    an increase in the seriousness of a disease marked by greater intensity of the signs and symptoms
  34. excoriated
    skin that has been injured by scratching abraded
  35. glomerulonephritis
    inflammation of the glomerulus of the kindey
  36. hyperplasia
    an increase in the number of normal cells
  37. jaundice
    a yellow discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by deposits of bile pigments the deposits occur because of excess bilirubin in the blood
  38. keloid
    a raised firm scar formation caused by overgrowth of collagen at the site of a skin injury
  39. keratinocytes
    the skin cells that synthesize keratin
  40. leukoderma
    a lack of skin pigmenttion in patches
  41. opaque
    not translucent or transparent murky
  42. petechiae
    small , purplish hemorrhagic spots on the skin
  43. raynaud's phenomenon
    intermittent attacks of ischemia of the extremities, results in cyanosis , numbness , tingling and pain
  44. teratogen
    any substance that interferes with normal prenatal development resulting in a developmental abnormality
  45. albinism
    unable to produce melanin
  46. two types of sweat glands
    exocrine glands: excrete sweat through skin pores to release heat or create sweat in response to stress

    apocrine glands: open to hair follicles and are located in specific areas
  47. normal or resident flora
    a variety of microorganisms

    sensory receptors for the nervous system that detect pain , temperature , pressure or texture
  48. primary lesions
    appear immediately partial-thickness burn

    • macules
    • papules
    • plaques
    • nodules
    • cysts
    • wheal
    • pustules
  49. secondary lesions
    are the result of alterations in primary lesions

    blisters break and ulceration forms healing ends in a scar
  50. impetigo
    superficial infection caused by streptococci or staphylococcus aureus

    usually affects childern
  51. furuncle
  52. folliculitis
    inflammation of a hair follicle
  53. carbuncle
    a collection of furuncle that have joined to form a large infected area that may drain through multiple sites or form an abscess
  54. cellulitis
    erysipelas an acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by staphylococci or streptococci
  55. fungal infection
    mucotic infection
  56. tinea pedia
    athlete's foot
  57. tinea cruris
    jock itch
  58. tinea corporis
  59. percutaneous
    scratch test