PSY 360 Exam 1

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  1. Psychology
    the scientific study of mental processing and behavior

    defines how we think, feel, and behave
  2. Social Psychology
    scientific study of how individuals think about, influence, and relate to one another
  3. Self
    The topic of ___ is studied more in psychology than any other topic.
  4. Situation / Person
    In current social psychology, there is an emphasis on the power of the ___ (external)versus the power of the ___ (internal)
  5. Culture
    the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
  6. Theory
    an integrated set of principles that explain and predict observed events
  7. Hypothesis
    tentative proposition that describes a relationship that may exist between events and or variables
  8. Naturalistic (Field) Design
    research in a natural, real life natural setting

    (i.e. interview, survey, case study)
  9. Correlational Study
    looks at relationships/associations between events or variables
  10. Experimental Design
    often done in a laboratory setting

    (cause/effect relationship between variables)

    This causes that.
  11. Mundane Realism
    degree to which an experiment is superficially similar to everyday relationships
  12. Self Concept
    the sense of who we are

    *our self-image*
  13. Schema
    mental templates by which we organize our world
  14. Self Schema
    beliefs about ourselves that organize and guide the processing of self relevant information
  15. Grow and Expand
    Schema ___ and ___ with experience.

    (i.e. our concept of what an animal is from the time we are an infant to an adult)
  16. Possible Selves
    images of what we dream of or dread becoming in the future
  17. Self Esteem
    one's overall self evaluation or sense of self worth
  18. Social Identity
    the "we aspect" of our self concept that comes from our group membership
  19. Individualism
    concept of giving priority to one's own goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identification
  20. Collectivism
    giving priority to the goals of one's group (family/co-workers) and defining identity according to the group
  21. past behavior
    Explain and predict future behavior through ___ ___.
  22. Bronfrenbrenner
    Theorized how the external world and ourselves function as an ecological system - how the world effects us and how we effect the world
  23. Self Efficacy
    (Bandura) a belief in ourselves that we can accomplish certain tasks

    also: a belief in one's self that one has the coping strategies to overcome certain challenge in life
  24. Self Serving Bias
    the tendency to perceive oneself in a favorable way
  25. Attribution Theory
    shows how people explain others' behavior and what's causing them to act in that way
  26. Fundamental Error of Attribution
    the tendency for observers to underestimate situational influences and overestimate dispositonal influences upon others' behavior
  27. Time
    ___ has can have an impact on how we place blame.
  28. Self Awareness
    a self-conscious state in which attention focuses on oneself, making them more sensitive to their own attitudes and dispositions
  29. Belief Perseverance
    persistence of one's initial conceptions, such as when the basis of one's belief is discredited but an explanation of why the belief might be true survives
  30. Priming
    activating particular associations in memory
  31. Powerful and efficient
    The power of the unconcious mind is both ___ and ___.
  32. Confermation Bias
    the tendency to search for information that confirms our preconceptions
  33. Heuristics
    rule of thumb strategy that enables quick efficient judgements
  34. Representativeness Heuristics
    tendency to presume that someone or something belongs to a particular group if resembling a typical member
  35. Illusional Correlational Thinking
    the perception of a relationship where none exist or the perception of a stronger relationship than actually exists
  36. Attitude
    (Un)favorable evaluative reaction toward something or someone exhibited in one's belief, feeling, or intended behavior
  37. Actions/Behavior
    ___ leads to discrimination
  38. Emotions
    ___ leads to prejudice
  39. Beliefs
    ___ leads to stereotypes
  40. Role
    set of norms that define how people in a given social situation ought to behave
  41. Self Presentation Theory
    assumes that people, especially those that self-monitor their behavior hoping to create a good impression, will adapt their attitude reports to appear consistent with their actions
  42. Cognitive Dissonance (Tension) Theory
    explains attitude change by assuming that people feel tension after acting contrary to their attitude
  43. Zestinger
    ___ developed the Cognitive Dissonance Theory
  44. Heindsight Bias
    tendency to exagerate, after learning an outcome, one's ability to have foreseen how something has turned out
  45. Rosenthal and Jacobsen
    ___ and ___ theorized about the effects of teacher expectations and student performance.
  46. Bogus Pipeline Technique
    The advantage of a ___ ___ ___, is that it yields an expressed answer that is close to a real one
  47. Prisoners and Guards
    ___ and ___ experiment demonstrated how human beings can become imbeded in hatred and violence.
  48. Narcisism
    A mental health disorder
Card Set:
PSY 360 Exam 1
2013-02-28 02:53:10
Social Psychology

social psychology
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