History Final Exam

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History Final Exam
2010-05-20 22:23:51

Chapters 28, 29 and 30
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  1. Boxer Rebellion:
    Violent uprising against Western commercial and political influence in China
  2. Open Door Policy:
    policy granting equal trade opportunities to all countries
  3. Imperialism:
    Policy that includes the establishment of colonies and the building of an empire.
  4. Ultimatum:
    A final statement of terms whose rejection may lead to the breaking off of diplomatic relations or war
  5. Teller Resolution:
    U.S. agreement to pacify, but not control Cuba after it gained its independence
  6. George Dewey:
    U.S. naval captain who defeated the Spanish in the Battle of Manila Bay
  7. Queen Liliuokalani:
    Last queen of Hawaii who began a movement to create a purely Hawaiian government
  8. How did each of the following help bring about the war with Spain: a) press coverage, b) investments and trade, c) the De Lome letter, and d) the Maine?
  9. How was the war a turning point in American history?
  10. What were two arguments used to justify imperialism and two arguments used to oppose imperialism in America at the start of the 20th century?
  11. Protectorate:
    Protection and supervision assumed by a superior nation over a dependent nation or region
  12. Territorial integrity:
    The protection of a territory from foreign invaders
  13. Dollar diplomacy:
    Policy aimed at furthering the interests of the United States abroad by encouraging the investment of U.S. capital in foreign countries.
  14. Panama Canal:
    Canal connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans; built for trade and military purposes
  15. What were the four provisions of the Monroe Doctrine?
  16. How did the Roosevelt Corollary modify the original Monroe Doctrine?
  17. Neutrality:
    Nonparticipation in war; practiced by the U.S. at the beginning of WWI
  18. Schlieffen Plan:
    The German strategy to invade France via Belgium and then attack Russia
  19. First Battle of the Marne:
    The first major Allied victory of World War I; marked the beginning of trench warfare on the Western Front
  20. Trench warfare:
    Took place on the western front in WWI; men fought from intricately dug ditches
  21. Russian (Bolshevik) Revolution:
    Communist revolution to overthrow the tsar; led by Vladimir Lenin in 1917
  22. Treaty of Brest-Litovsk:
    The mutual agreement between Russia and Germany to stop fighting each other in 1917
  23. Central Powers:
    WWI alliance of Germany, Austria Hungary and Italy
  24. Allied Powers:
    WWI alliance of U.S., France, and Great britain
  25. Fourteen Points:
    Woodrow Wilson’s plan for a permanent organization for peace; a league of nations
  26. Reparations:
    Payment for war crimes
  27. Archduke Franz Ferdinand:
    Assassinated in 1914; the spark of World War I.
  28. Kaiser Wilhelm II:
    Leader of Germany during WWI; fled to the Netherlands in 1918.
  29. List and explain four factors that led to the outbreak of World War I.
  30. What prompted U.S. entry into World War I in 1917? Be sure to discuss the violation of the “Sussex pledge”, the Zimmerman Note, connections with the Allies, and the president’s war message.
  31. Describe three terms of the Treaty of Versailles.