Endocrine system

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Author:
elinor
ID:
201290
Filename:
Endocrine system
Updated:
2013-02-17 20:18:46
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Anatomical Terms
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Anatomical Terms
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  1. adrenal
    • adren/o= adrenal gland
    • -al = pertaining to

    Pertaining to the adrenal glands.
  2. ovarian
    • ovari/o = ovary
    • -ian = pertaining to

    Pertaining to the ovary.
  3. pancreatic
    • pancreat/o = pancreas
    • -ic = pertaining to

    Pertaining to the pancreas.
  4. parathyroidal
    • parathyroid/o = parathyroid gland
    • -al = pertaining to

    Pertaining to the parathyroid gland.
  5. pituitary
    • pituitar/o = pituitary gland
    • -ary = pertaining to

    Pertaining to the pituitary gland.
  6. testicular
    • testicul/o = testes
    • -ar = pertaining to

    Pertaining to the testes.
  7. thymic
    • thym/o = thyroid gland
    • -ic = pertaining to

    Pertaining to the thyroid gland.
  8. endocrinology
    • end/o = within
    • crin/o = to secrete
    •  -logy = study of  

    Branch of medicine involving diagnosis and treatment of conditions and diseases of endocrine glands.  Physician is an endocrinologist.
  9. adrenomegaly
    • adren/o = anrenal gland
    • -megaly = enlarged

    Having one or both adrenal glands enlarged.
  10. adrenopathy
    • adren/o = adrenal gland
    • -pathy = disease
  11. edema
    Condition in which the body tissues contain excessive amounts of fluid.
  12. endocrinopathy
    • end/o = within 
    • crin/o =to secrete
    • -pathy = disease

    Diseases of the endocrine system.
  13. exophthalmos
    • ex- = outward
    • ophthalm/o = eye

    Condition in which the ebeballs protrude such as in Graves' disease.  Ghis is generally caused by an overproduction of thyroid hormone.
  14. glycosuria
    • glycos/o = sugar
    • -uria = urine condition

    Having a high level of sugar excreted in the urine.
  15. gynecomastia
    • gynec/o = female
    • mast/o = breast
    • -ia = condition

    Development of breast tissue in males.  May be a symptom of adrenal feminization.
  16. hirsuitism
    -ism = state of

    Condition of having an excessive amount of hair.  Term generally used to describe females who have the adult male pattern of hair growth.  Can be the result of a hormonal imbalance.
  17. hypercalcemia
    • hyper- = excessive
    • calc/o = calcium
    • -emia = blood condition

    Condition of having a high level of calcium in the blood; associated with hypersecretion of parathyroid hormone.
  18. hyperglycemia
    • hyper- = excessive
    • glyc/o =sugar
    • -emia = blood condition

    Condition of having a high level of sugar in the blood; associated with diabetes melitus.
  19. hyperkalemia
    • hyper- = excessive
    • lal/i = potassium
    • -emia = blood condition

    The condition of having a high level of potassium in the blood.
  20. hypersecretion
    hyper- = excessive

    Excessive hormone production by an endocrine gland.
  21. hypocalcemia
    • hypo- =  insufficient
    • calc/o = calcium
    • -emia = blood condition

    The condition of having a low level of calcium in the blood; associated with hyposecretion of parathyroid hormone hypocalcemia may result in tetany.
  22. hyponatremia
    • hypo- = insufficient
    • natr/o = sodium
    • -emia = blood condition 

     Condition of having a low level of sodium in the blood.
  23. hyposcretion
    hypo- = insufficient

    Deficient hormone production by an endrocrine gland.
  24. obesity
    Having an abnormal of fat in the body.
  25. polydipsia
    • poly- = many
    • -dipsia = thirst

    Excessive feeling of thirst.
  26. polyuria
    • poly- = many
    • -uria = urine condition

    Condition of producing an excessive amount of urine.
  27. syndrome
    Group of symptoms and signs that, when combined, present a clinical picture of a disease or condition.
  28. thyromegaly
    • thyr/o = thyroid gland
    • -megaly = enlarged

    Having an enlarged thyroid gland.

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