Endocrine System

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  1. cretinism
    -ism = state of

    Congenital condition in which a lack of thyroid hormones may result in arrested physical and mental development.
  2. goiter
    Enlargement of the thyroid gland.
  3. Graves' disease
    Condition named for Irish physician Robert Graves that results in overactivity of the thyroid gland and can cause a crisis situation.  Symptoms include exophthalmos and goiter.  A type of hyperthyroidism.
  4. Hashimoto's thyroiditis
    • thyroid/o = thyroid gland
    • -itis = imflammation

    Chronic autoimmune form of throiditis; results in hyposecretion of thyroid hormones.
  5. hyperthyroidism
    • hyper- = excessive
    • thyroid/o = thyroid gland
    • -ism = state of

    Hypersecretion of thyroid gland hormones.
  6. hypothyroidism
    • hypo- = insufficient
    • thyroid/o = thyroid gland
    • -ism = state of

    Hyposecretion of thyroid gland hormones.
  7. myxedema
    Condition resulting from a hyposecretion of the thyroid gland in an adult.  Symptoms can include anemis, slow speech, swollen facial features, edematous skin, drowsiness, and mental lethargy.
  8. thyrotoxicosis
    • thyr/o = thyroid gland
    • toxic/o = poison
    • -osis = abnormal condition

    Condition resulting from marked overproduction of the thyroid gland.  Symptoms include rapid heart action, tremors, enlarged thyroid gland, exophthalmos, and wieght loss.
  9. adenocarcinoma
    • aden/o = gland
    • carcin/o = cancer
    • -oma = tumor

    Cancerous tumor in a gland that is capable of producing the hormones secreted by that gland.  One cause of hypersecretion pathologies.
Card Set:
Endocrine System
2013-02-18 02:56:27
Thymus Gland

Thymus Gland
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