continue of chapter 38 and 39

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continue of chapter 38 and 39
2013-02-17 22:20:19
continue 38 39

continue of chapter 38 and 39
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  1. adhesions
    bands of scar tissue tht bind together two anatomic surfaces that normaly area separate
  2. anastomosis
    the surgical joining of two normally distinct organs
  3. anorexia
    a lack or loss of appetite for food
  4. ascites
    an abnormall collection of fluid containing high levels of protein and electrolytes in the peritoneal cavity
  5. carcinogens
    substances or agents that cause the development of or increase the incidence of cancer
  6. diaphoresis
    the profuse excretion of sweat
  7. enemic
  8. a term describing a disease or microorganism tht is specific to a particular geographic area
  9. esophageal varices
    varicose veins of the esophagus which occur as a result of portal hypertension these vessels can easily hemorrhage
  10. fecalith
    a hard impacted mass of feces in the colon
  11. fissures
    narrow slits or clefts in the abdomianl wall
  12. fistula
    an abnormal tubelike passage between internal organs or form an interal organ to the body surface
  13. flatus
    gas expelle through the anus
  14. gangrene
    the death if bidt tussye as a result of loss of nutritive supply followed by bacteria invasion and putrefaction
  15. hematemesis
    vomiting of bright red blood indicating rapid upper GI bleeding assocaiated with esophageal varices or peptic ulcer
  16. hematocrit
    the percentage by volume of packed red blood cells in a given sample of blood after centrifugation
  17. hemoglobin
    a protein found in erythromcytes that transport molecular oxygen in the blood
  18. hepatomegaly
    abnormal enlargement of the liver
  19. ileostomy
    the surgical formation of an opening of the ileum onto the surface of the abdomen through which fecal material is emptied
  20. jaundice
    yellowing of the skin and mucous membranes caused by deposition of bile pigment

    jaundice is not a disease
  21. lithotripsy
    a procedure for eliminating a kidney stone or gallstone by crushing or dissolving it
  22. lymphadenopathy
    an disorder of the lymph nodes or lymph vessels
  23. polyps
    tumor or outgrouwht found in the mucosal linging of the colon
  24. portal circulaiton
    the pathway of blood flow through the portal vein from the GI system to the liver
  25. portal hypertension
    increased venous pressure in the portal circulation caused by cirrhosis or compression of the hepati vascular system
  26. sclerotherapy
    the treatment of hemorrhoids varicose vein or esophageal varces by means of injection of sclerosing solutions
  27. valsalva's maneuver
    occurs when a person strains to defecate or urinat uses the arms and upper trunk muscles to move up in bed or strain during laughing coughing or vomiting
  28. the GI system is divided into two parts
    upper digestive system: mouth , esophagus and stomach

    lower digestive system: small and large intestine
  29. GI organs have three main functions
    • digesiton
    • absorption
    • elimination
  30. intrinsic factor is needed
    for the absorption of vitamin b12
  31. small intestine is made up of
    duodenm at the proximal end the jejunum and the ileum at the distal end
  32. bile acids
    emulsify fats
  33. transverse folds of the small intestine are called
  34. right upper quadrant RUQ consist of
    • liver
    • gallbladder
    • duodenum
    • head of the pancreas
    • right kidney and adrena
    • hepatic flexure of colon
    • part of ascending colon
    • transverse colon
  35. right lower quadrant (RLQ)
    • cecum
    • appendix
    • right ovary and tube
    • right ureter
    • right spermatic cord
  36. left upper quadrant (LUQ)
    • stomach
    • spleen
    • left lobe of liver
    • body of pancrease
    • left kidney and adrenal
    • splenic flexure of colon
    • part of transverse and descending colon
  37. left lower quadrant (LLQ)
    • part of decending colon
    • sigmoid colon
    • left ovary and tube
    • left ureter
    • left spermatic cord
  38. nine regions
    • right hypochondriac
    • right lumber
    • right inginal
    • left hypochondriac
    • left lumbar
    • umbilical
    • left inguinal