Digestive System

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Author:
kbryant86
ID:
201457
Filename:
Digestive System
Updated:
2013-02-18 12:48:56
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Digestive System
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Med Term
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  1. bolus
    mass of chewed food ready to be swallowed
  2. exocrine
    glands that secrete onto surface of organ or vessel
  3. or/o, stomat/o
    mouth
  4. gloss/o, lingu/o
    tongue
  5. bucc/o
    cheek
  6. cheil/o, labi/o
    lip
  7. dent/o, odont/o
    teeth
  8. gingiv/o
    gums
  9. sial/o
    saliva, salivary gland
  10. enter/o
    intestine (small)
  11. jejun/o
    2nd part of small intestine
  12. ile/o
    ilieum 3rd part of small intestine
  13. append/o, appendic/o
    appendix
  14. col/o, colon/o
    colon
  15. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  16. proct/o
    anus, rectum
  17. an/0
    anus
  18. hepat/o
    liver
  19. cholangi/o
    bile vessel
  20. chol/e
    bile, gall
  21. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder
  22. choledoch/o
    bile duct
  23. -emesis
    vomit
  24. -orexia
    appetite
  25. -pepsia
    digestion
  26. -prandial
    meal
  27. ascites
    accumulation of fluid in abdomen
  28. borborygmus
    rumbling noise heard from gas passing through liquid in digestive tract
  29. cachexia
    physically wasting away
  30. cholelithiasis
    gallstones in gallbladder
  31. cirrhosis
    scarring of liver
  32. colic
    spasm of hollow, tubular organ associate with pain
  33. Crohn disease
    chronic inflammation of the digestive tract, usually the ileum
  34. deglutition
    act of swallowing
  35. dysentery
    inflammation of intestine, especially the colon b/c of chemical irritant that was eaten
  36. dyspepsia
    indigestion
  37. eructation
    producing gas from stomach (belching)
  38. fecalith
    fecal concentration
  39. flatus
    gas in GI tract
  40. GERD
    gastroesophageal reflux disease: heart burn
  41. halitosis
    bad breath
  42. hematemesis
    vomiting of blood
  43. IBS
    irritable bowel syndrome; abdominal pain with altered bowel movements
  44. malabsorption syndrome
    small intestine is unable to properly absorb nutrients
  45. melena
    blood in stool
  46. obstipation
    sever constipation
  47. peristalsis
    progressive, wavelike movements of GI that occur involuntarily
  48. pyloric stenosis
    narrowing of the pyloric sphincter from throat to stomach
  49. steatorrhea
    large amount of fat in stool from mal-absorption
  50. LFT
    liver function test; tests that evaluate liver injury, function, and condition
  51. serum bilirubin
    measurement of bilirubin levels
  52. stool guaiac
    use of guaiac to find hidden blood in stool
  53. BE
    barium enema; xray to see colon
  54. cholecystography
    radiographic images of gallbladder
  55. CT
    Computed tomography; rotating x-rat used to capture detailed cross-sectional images
  56. sialography
    radiologic examination of salivary glands
  57. anastomosis
    surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, bowel segments
  58. colostomy
    creating an opening into colon to insert a colostomy bag
  59. lithotripsy
    crushing a stone surgically or with ultrasonic shock waves
  60. polypectomy
    excision of a polyp
  61. pyloromyotomy
    incision into the pylorus

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