RN 120

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Author:
acis3345
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201486
Filename:
RN 120
Updated:
2013-02-19 16:53:58
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chapters 10
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Chapters 8,9,10 study notes
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  1. Neuropathy
    Pens and needles in a limb, painful to touch
  2. Cancer Survior
    from the time of diagnosis through the balance of the his/her life
  3. Parestesis
    Limbs falling asleep, numbness and tingling in the limbs
  4. Cancer related fatigue (CRF)
    A lack of energy whole body tiredness not relieved by the sleep a side effect of cancer and its treatments
  5. PTSD
    A psychiatric disorder characterized by an accute emotional response to a traumatic event or situation
  6. Chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI)
    • forgetfullness 
    • Cognitive changes
    • occurs in all phases of treatment
    • decreased attention span
    • easily distracted
    • behavior changes
    • difficulty walking
  7. Oncology
    A branch of science that deals with tumors and cancer
  8. Hormone Therapy
    • Cancer Treatment
    • add back or remove hormones from the body to slow or stop the growth of cancer cells
  9. Chemotherapy
    Treatment of cancer with drugs that destroy cancer cell growth and repoduction
  10. Radiation Therapy
    Targeted energy to kill cancer cells, shrink turmors, and provide relief of certain cancer related symptoms
  11. Biological Response Modifiers (BRM) (Biotherapy)
    Alters or augments naturally processes in the body
  12. Physical well-being and symptoms
    • functional ability
    • strength/fatigue
    • sleep and rest
    • -lots of sleep
    • -not restful
    • nausea
    • appetite-reduced
    • constipation
  13. Late Effects of Chemotherapy
    • osterporosis
    • heart faliure
    • diabetes
    • amenorrhea (in women)
    • serility in men and women
    • impaired gastrointestinal motility
    • abnormal liver function
    • impaired immune function
    • paresthesias
    • hearing loss
    • problems with thinking and memory (blonde day)
    • CRCI
  14. Acute Survival
    Starts with the diagnosis of cancer.  Diagnostic and therapeutic efforts dominate.  Fear and anxiety are constant elements of this phase.
  15. Extended Survival
    Period of  which a patient goes into remssion, watchful waiting
  16. Permanent Survival
    roughly equated with a cure
  17. Self-care giving pattern
    patients are mostly independent with the caregivers in a stand by role
  18. Collaborative Care Pattern
    patients and caregivers share care activities and respond together to illness demands.
  19. Family Caregiving Pattern
    Patients are unable to perform independently and require extensive caregiver involvement
  20. Culture
    the thoughts, communications, actions, customs, beliefs, values, and institutions of racial ethnic, religious or social groups.
  21. Subcultures
    ethnic and religious groups with characteristics distint from the dominant culture
  22. Ethnicity
    a shared identity related to social and cultural heritage such as values, language, geographical space, and racial characteristics
  23. emic world view
    an insider or native perspective
  24. etic world view
    outsider perspective
  25. Enculturation
    socialization into ones primary culture as a child
  26. acculturation
    a second culture learning
  27. assimilation
    culture of a minority is gradually displaced by the culture of the dominate group
  28. Biculturalism
    • A.K.A multiculturalism
    • when an individual identifies equally with at least 2 different cultures
  29. Trans Cultural Nursing
    comparative study of cultures to understand similarities and differences across human groups
  30. Culturally Congruent Care
    care the fits the persons life patterns, values, and a set of meanings
  31. Cultural Competence
    the process of acquiring specific knowledge, skills, and attitudes to ensure delivery of culturally congruent care

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