A&P Chapter 3

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purpledot1784
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A&P Chapter 3
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2013-02-18 18:32:57
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A&P Chapter 3
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  1. Covers the body and it's parts; lines various parts of the body; forms contiuous sheets that contain no blood vessles; classified according to shape and arrangement
    epithelial Tissue
  2. Cell Shape resembling a cube
    cuboidal
  3. Meshwork of netlike tissue that forms the framework of the spleen, lymph nodes, and bone marrow
    Reticular tissue
  4. A network of tubeles formed in the cytoplasm between the centroils as they are moving away from eachother
    Spindle Fiber
  5. Consists of neurons and gila that provide rapid communucation and control of body function
    nervous tissue
  6. Substance that dissolvess into another substance, for example, in saltwater the salt is the solute disolved in water
    solute
  7. One o many segments of a chromosome (DNA molocules)
    Gene
  8. a solution containing a lower level of salt than is found in a living red blood cell
    Hypotonic
  9. Supporting cells of nervous tissue, also called neurogila
    Gila
  10. Secreting structure
    gland
  11. Specialized cell found in simple columnar epithelium that produces mucus
    Goblet Cell
  12. Entime set of chromosomes in a cell; the human genome refers to the entire set of human or other species genome
    Genome
  13. Secreting into a duct; opposite of endocrine
    Exocrine
  14. secreting into the blood or tissue fluid rather than into a duct; opposite of exocrine
    Endocrine
  15. disintegration of a cell
    lyse
  16. the intracellular substance of a tissue for example, the matrix of bone is calcified, whereas that of blood is liquid
    Matrix
  17. Aduplicate copy of a gene sequence on the DNA that passes from the nucleus to the cytoplasm
    Messenger RNA (mRNA)
  18. Indirect cell division involving complex changes in the nucleus
    mitosis
  19. Second stage of mitosis, during which the nuclear envelope and nucleolus disappeasr
    Metaphase
  20. First stage of mitosis during which chromosomes become visable.
    prophase
  21. Last stage of mitosis in which the cell divides
    Telophase
  22. Anabnormal mass of proliferating cells that may be either benign or malignant
    Neoplasm
  23. Nerve cell including its processes (axons and dendrited)
    Neuron
  24. A special type of cytoplasm
    nucleoplasm
  25. Cell organ; for example, the ribosome
    Organelle
  26. Small, moving cell extensions that for the brush like border made up of epithelial cells found on each villus in the small interstine increase the surface area for absorption of nutrients.
    Microvillus
  27. Thread like structures
    mitochondrion
  28. Membrane that surrounds the cell nucleus
    nuclear envelope
  29. Critical to proteine formation because it "programs" the formation of ribosomes in the nucleus
    nucleolus
  30. Spherical structure within a cell; a group of neuron cell bodies in the brain of spinal cord, central core of the atom, made up of protons and (sometimes) neurons
    nucleus
  31. A system of coupled ion pumps that actively transports sodium ion out of a cell and potassium ions into the cell at the same time, found in all living cells
    sodium-potassium pump
  32. Membranous organelles containing various enzymes that can disolve most cellular compounds; hence called digestive bags or suicide bags of cells
    lysome
  33. Structural unit of compact bone tissue made up of concentric layers (lamellae) of hard bone matrix and bone cells (osteocytes); also called Haversian system
    Osteon (Haversian system)
  34. membrane that separates the contents of a cell from the tissue fluid; encloses the cytoplasm and forms the outer boundary of the cell
    Plasma membrane
  35. a nucleic acid found in the cytoplasm that is crucial to protein synthesis
    Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
  36. Organelle in the cytoplasm of cells that synthesizes proteins, also known as a protine factory
    ribosome
  37. Nerve cell process that transmits impulses away from the cell body
    axon
  38. Stage of mitosis duplicate chromosomes move to poles of dividing cell
    Anaphase
  39. One of a pair of tiny cylinders in the centrosome of a cell; beleived to be involved with the spindle fibers formed during mitosis
    Centriole
  40. Area of the cytoplasm near the nucleus that coordinates the building and break up of microtubules in the cell; contains centroles
    Centrosome
  41. hairlike projections of cells
    cilia
  42. branching or treelike; a nerve cell process that transmits impulses toward the body
    dendrite
  43. Network of tubules and vesicles in cytoplasm
    Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
  44. Single projection extending from the cell surface; only example in humans is the "tail" of the male sperm
    Flagellum
  45. Small sacs stacked on one another near the nucleus that makes carbohydrate compounds, combines them with protine molecules, and packages the product in a globule
    Golgi Apparatus
  46. Most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body; has numerous functions
    connective tissue
  47. Sha[e in which cells are taller than they are wide
    columnar
  48. a type of connective tissue consisting of fibers and variety of cells embedded in a loose matrix of soft, sticky gel
    Areolar (loose)
  49. Specialized connective tissue that is responsible for the formation of blood cells and lymphatic system cells; found in red marrow, spleen, tonsils, and lymph nodes
    hematopoietic tissue
  50. fat tissue
    Adipose
  51. The synthesis of s protine by ribosomes
    translation
  52. Occurs when the double-stranded DNA molecules unwind and form RNA
    Transcription
  53. Type of epithelial tissue that forms membranes capable of stretching without breaking, as in the urinary bladder; cells in this tyoe of tissue can stretch from a roughly columner shape out to a flattened shape (squamous) and back without damage
    transitional
  54. scale-like
    Squamous
  55. a solution containing a higher level of salt (NaCl) than is found in a living red blood cell (bove 0.9% NaCl)
    Hypertonic
  56. The active transport mechanism used to transfer fluids or dissolved substances into cells
    pinocytosis
  57. ingestion and digestion of portions by a cell
    phagocytosis
  58. Movement of a fluid through a semipermiable membrane
    Osmosis
  59. Movement of water and solutes through a membrane by a higher hydrostatic pressure on one side.
    filtration
  60. Spreading-for example, scattering of disolved particles
    diffusion
  61. Seperation of smaller (diffusable) particles from larger (non diffusable) particles through a semipermiable membrane
    dialysis
  62. principal organic can stiluent of connective tissue
    collagen
  63. Abnormal notching in an erythrocyte resulting from shrinkage after suspension in a hypertonic solution
    Crenation
  64. A process by which daughter cells become different in structure and function (by using different genes from the genome all cells of the body share), as when some of the original cells of early developmental stages differentiate to become muscle cells and other cells become nerve cells, and so on (differentiation is another form of this term)
    Differentiate
  65. The gel-like substance of a cell exclusive of the nucleus and other organells
    Cytoplasm
  66. Cartilage cell
    Chondroctyes
  67. Either of two replicated chromatin (DNA) strands within a chromosome of a cell ready to divide.
    Chromatid
  68. A beardlike structure that attaches one chromatid to another during the early stages of mitosis.
    Centromere
  69. Programmed cell death by means of several biochemical processes built into each cells; apoptis clears space for newer cells as in early embryonic development or in tissue repair
    Apoptosis
  70. Depression in the parent cell surface duringcell division; appears at the end of anaphase and begins to divide the cell into two daughter cells
    Cleavage Furrow
  71. Easily stained in the nucleus of cells made up of DNA strands wound around spools of protine; condenses into chromosomes during mitosis
    Chromatin
  72. DNA molecule that has coiled to form a compact mass during mitosis or meiosis; each chromosome is composed of regions called genes, each of which transmits heredity information.
    Chromosome
  73. Genetic material of the cell that carries the chemical "blueprint" of the body.
    Deoxyribonocleic Acid (DNA)
  74. Cells internal supporting, moving framework
    Cytoskeleton

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