APSYCH Unit 6B

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tiffanycedeno
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201558
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APSYCH Unit 6B
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2013-02-21 02:57:40
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  1. Emotion (three components)
    • a response of the whole organism/internal and external stimul, involving 
    • 1. physiological arousal
    • 2. expressive behaviors (quickened pace)
    • 3. conscious experience (thoughts and feelings)
  2. James-Lange Theory
    • our experience of emotion is a consequence of physiological responses to stimuli 
    • ex: cutting onions
    • physical then emotion
  3. Cannon-Bard Theory
    • - physiological responses and subjective experience occur simultaneously
    • - heart begins pounding as you experience fear
  4. Schachter's two-factor theory
    aka component theory/jukebox theory
    • 1. physically aroused 
    • 2. cognitively label the arousal
    • ex: working out 
    • mind gives "label"
  5. Robert Zajonc
    • simple emotional responses occur instantly before any cognitively processing occurs 
    • ex: seeing something on street
  6. neural pathways and emotion
    • 1. deal directly with emotion
    • 2. bypass the cortical areas number involved in thinking (eye-thalamus-amygalda) modified when cortex interprets it
  7. temporal sequence theory (who?)
    • 1. we go through repeated cycles of appraisal and reappraisal when confronted with a new situation 
    • 2. simple likes/dislikes and fears usually involve no conscious thinking
  8. cognitive theory of emotion
    • 1. we place emotions amongst several dimensions
    • 2. pleasantos: pos. 
    • 3. unpleasant: neg high vs. low arousal 
    • 4. complex emotions like love and depression greatly affected by interpretation memories and expectation
  9. catharsis
    • 1. the releasing of aggressive energy through action of fantasy that reduces anger 
    • 2. highly emotional people personalize events as directed to them
    • 3. generalize experiences with blowing single incidents out of proportion
  10. behavior medicine (include goals)
    integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease
  11. health psychologists
    subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine
  12. stress
    • 1. perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors 
    • 2. cause person to feel challenged/endangered
  13. stressors
    • 1. everyday events that causes stress
    • 2. situations that challenge in subtle ways
  14. eustress
    • pos. stress because it motivates us to do something worthwhile 
    • ex: studying
  15. distress
    bad stress that's nonproductive, cause physical problems
  16. Walter Cannon
    • 1. stress response is part of a mind-body system 
    • 2. extreme cold, lack of energy trigger adrenaline and nonadrenaline
    • 3. fight/flight: 1st one to witness this
  17. general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
    • Hans Selye's concept of body's adaptive response to stress 
    • a. alarm reaction: sudden reaction of sympathetic
    • b. resistance: temp, blood pressure, respiration high 
    • c. exhaustion: more vulnerable to illness, tired, immune system may be impaired
  18. Richard Lazarus and stress
    • temporal sequence theory 
    • 1. response to stress in 2 stages 
    • a. primary stage - appraisal (is the event stressful? eustress/distress?)
    • b. secondary stage - appraisal #2 (can i handle the stress?)
  19. catastrophes
    • 1. allows followed by depression and anxiety 
    • 2. happen only once 
    • 3. major changes in a short time 
    • ex: fire, floods
  20. significant life changes
    • 1. leaving home, the death of a loved one, the loss of a job, marriage/divorce
    • 2. cause people to be vulnerable to disease 
    • 3. increase of 17% of death during this time
  21. control and stress
    1. control may help explain well established link between economic status and longitivity
  22. optimism vs. pessimism
    • 1. optimism: less fatigue and fewer aches and pains and respond to stress with better results
    • 2. pessimism: vulnerable to illness
  23. coronary heart disease
    • 1. clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart
    • 2. leading cause of death in many developed countries 
    • 3. took on more responsibilities
  24. Type A
    • 1. time eagerness 
    • 2. elevated hostility 
    • 3 secrete hormones for build-up for coronary heart disease 
    • 4. seek jobs that give more stress
  25. Type B
    • 1. easygoing, relaxed people 
    • 2. low competitive
  26. Type D
    • 1. distress 
    • 2. neg. emotions and social inhabitions
  27. psychophysiological illness
    • 1. mind-body illness
    • 2. illness brought by stress
    • 3. secretion of stress hormones and suppress immune systems 
  28. lymphocytes 
    • 1. white loaded cells 
    • 2. part of the body's immune system 
    • 3. fight off different things 
  29. b lymphocytes 
    • 1. bone marrow 
    • 2. fight bacterial infections 
  30. T lymphocytes 
    • 1. form in the thymus 
    • 2. attack cancer cells, viruses and foreign sub. 
    • 3. fight off illnesses 
  31. macrophage
    • 1. help lymphocytes 
    • 2. "big eater"
    • 3. identify pursues and harmful invaders 

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