poly sci exam 3

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euel
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20156
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poly sci exam 3
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2010-05-21 04:28:04
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  1. In the case of_____-, the U.s supreme court explicitly ruled that constitutional protection of civil liberties applied only to the actions of the federal government

    a) Barron v. Baltimore
    b) tinker v. DesMoines
    c) Gitlow v. New York
    d) Texas v. Johnson
    e) Marbury v. Madison
  2. Which justice of the U.S Supreme Court shaped the supreme Court's role in the nation during the federal judiciary's early years?

    a) john jay
    b) john rutledge
    c) john marshall
    d) john roberts
    e) william rehnquist
  3. the U.S supreme court first interpreted the right of freedom of speech afforded by the Bill of rights as a restriction on state governments in the case of

    A) cantwell v. connecticut
    B) gitlow v. new york
    C) near v. minnesota
    D) tinker v. des moines
    E) hamilton v. regents of the university of california
    B) gitlow v. new york
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. in what u.s supreme court decision was the freedom of the press frst included under the fourteenth amendment in an effort to protect individuals from actions by state and local officials?

    A) hamilton v. regents of the university of california
    B) cantwell v. connecticut
    C) tinker v. des moines
    D) gitlow v. new york
    E) near v. minnesota
    E) near v. minnesota
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. which of the following is NOt a liberty protected under the first amendment?

    A) the right to bear arms
    B) freedom of speech
    C) freedom of the press
    D) the right to petition the government for redress
    E) freedom of religion
    A) the right to bear arms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. the free exerciseclause of the first amendment has been expanded largely through legal challenges mounted by which religious denomination?

    A) mormons
    B) roman catholics
    C) orthodox catholics
    D) muslims
    E) jehovah's witnesses
    E) jehovah's witnesses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. the _____ standard places the burden on the government to demonstrate the necessity of a specific law in order to outweigh an individual's free exercise rights.

    A) general interest
    B) strict scrutiny
    C) clear and present danger
    D) public good
    E) national security
    B) strict scrutiny
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The clear and present danger test was established by the U.S supreme court in its decision in the case of

    A) chaplinsky v. new hampshire fcc v. pacifica
    B) schenck v. united states
    C) virginia v. black
    D) new york times v. sullivan
    E) watts v. united states
    B) schenck v. united states
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. the u.s supreme court decision in brandenburg v. ohio dealt with the issue of

    A) freedom of assembly
    B) freedom of the press
    C) capital punishment
    D) privacy
    E) freedom of speech
    E) freedom of speech
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. which of the following is a limit on freedom of speech NOT generally accepted by the courts as constitutional?

    A) probable cause
    B) zones of privacy
    C) prior restraint
    D) lemon test
    E) strict scrutiny
    C) prior restraint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. as a result of miller v. california (1973), the current test for obscenity is based on

    A) legal precedent
    B) federal law
    C) state law
    D) community standards
    e) all of the above
    D) community standards
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. the exclusionary rule prevents

    A) the prosecutor from using improperly obtained evidence
    B) the congres from overturning the acts of the courts
    C) the govenmment from limiting freedom of speech
    D) criminal defendants from testifying against themselves
    E) the government from raising taxes without a 2/3 majority vote
    A) the prosecutor from using improperly obtained evidence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. before a judge will issue the police a warrant authorizing a search the police must establish

    A) that the evidence in question could not be obtained any other way
    B) the suspect's previous history of criminal activity
    C) probable cause
    D) clear evidence of a suspects guilt
    e) all of the above
    C) probable cause
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. the right to have an attorney present during police questioning while in custody emerged from the U.S supreme court opinion in the case of

    A) lemon v. kutzman
    B) miranda v. arizona
    C) terry v. ohio
    D) cupp v. murphy
    E) chimel v. california
    B) miranda v. arizona
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. criminal due process protections are found primarily in the

    A) secound amendment
    B) sixth amendment
    C) tenth amendment
    D) third amendment
    E) first amendmet
    B) sixth amendment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. in its 1976 decision in the case of _____, the U.S supreme court reactivated the deat penality in the U.S

    A) mcClesky v. kemp
    B) fierro v. gomez
    C) roberts v. louisiana
    D) furman v. georgia
    E) gregg v. georgia
    E) gregg v. georgia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. in its decision in furman v. georgia, the U.S supreme court ruled ______ unconstitutional
    A) a federal income tax
    B) any restriction on free speech
    C) attempt to limit free exercise of religion
    D) eminent domain
    E) the death penalty
    E) the death penalty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. the prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment can be found in the

    A) seventh amendment
    B) eight amendment
    C) fourth amendment
    D) fifth amendment
    E) sixth amendment
    B) eight amendment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. the U.S supreme court first explicitly recognized a right to privacy in the 1965 case of

    A) bunting v. oregon
    B) grisworld v. connecticut
    C) roe v. wade
    D) stuart v. liard
    E) craig v. missouri
    B) grisworld v. connecticut
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. the idea that there are two court systes, state and federal, which share jurisdiction for the law, is referred to as a(n)

    A) dual court system
    B) federal system
    C) common law system
    D) adversarial system
    E) inquisitorial system
    A) dual court system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. legal proceedings in which the government seeks to prove taht an individual is guilty of a crime and deserves punishment for that crime are generally referred to as

    A) civil lawsuits
    B) appellate jurisdiction
    C) criminal prosecutions
    D) circuit courts
    E) plea bargains
    C) criminal prosecutions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. legal actions filed by individuals seeking remedies from private parties for contract violations, personal injury, and related issues are generally referred to as

    A) appellate jurisdiction
    B) plea bargains
    C) criminal prosecutions
    D) civil lawsuits
    E) circuit courts
    D) civil lawsuits
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. civil lawsuits are presented in

    A) federal courts only
    B) state and federal courts
    C) only in lower courts
    D) state courts only
    E) only in supree courts at state and federal systems
    B) state and federal courts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. a court with the authority to hear a case in the first instance, such as a trial court, is said to have

    A) obligatory access
    B) right of first refusal
    C) original jurisdiction
    D) writ of manamus
    E) appellate jurisdiction
    C) original jurisdiction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. courts that examine allegations concerning uncorrected errors during trials are usually referred to as

    A) district courts
    B) trial courts
    C) superior courts
    D) courts of last resort
    E) intermediate appellate courts
    E) intermediate appellate courts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. which of the followig is an example of a court of last resort?

    A) superior courts
    B) traffic courts
    C) the u.s supreme court
    D) military tribunals
    E) u.s customs courts
    C) the u.s supreme court
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. a concurring opinion refers to an opinion written by a judge who

    A) wishes to appeal the decision of the majority
    B) disagrees with the decision of the majority
    C) wishes to set the framework for a future appeal of the decision
    D) wishes to hear an appeal from a lower court
    E) agrees with the decision of the majority but wishes to present an alternative reason for their opinion
    E) agrees with the decision of the majority but wishes to present an alternative reason for their opinion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. a dissenting opinion refers to an opinion written by a judge who

    A) disagrees with the decision of the majority
    B) wishes to hear an appeal from a lower court
    C) wishes to set the framework for a future appeal of the decision
    D) agrees with the decision of the majority but wishes to present an alternative reason for their opinion
    E) wishes to appeal the decision of the majority
    A) disagrees with the decision of the majority
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. a higher court can call up a case from a lower court by issuing a/an

    A) writ of madamus
    B) merit brief
    C) amicus brief
    D) writ of certiorari
    E) appellate brief
    D) writ of certiorari
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. where in the U.S constitution can the power of judicial review be found?

    a) article 1 of te constitution
    b) article II of te constitution
    d) the 8th amendment to the constitution
    e) nowhere in the constitution
    e) nowhere in the constitution
  31. a legal order under which a court directs a government official to take a specific course of action as required by law is generally know as a

    A) bill of attaider
    B) compulsory jurisdiction order
    C) bill of priority
    D) writ of certiorari
    E) writ of mandamus
    E) writ of mandamus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. the idea that judges sometimes interject their own opinionsand preferences into their decisions and constitutional interpretation is sometimes referred to as

    A) judicial activism
    B) judicial sovereignty
    C) judicial restraint
    D) judicial preferentialism
    E) flexible intrepretation
    B) judicial sovereignty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. followers of the original intent doctrine are sometimes referred to as proponents of

    A) judicial preferentialism
    B) judicial restraint
    C) judicial sovereignty
    D) flexible intrepretation
    E) judicial activism
    E) judicial activism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. congress created the department of energy to

    A) provide funds for social security
    B) encourage fuel efficiency and develop news soures of energy
    C) further develop of nuclear energy
    D) assist veterans of foreign wars
    E) address the growing consumer demand for solar power
    B) encourage fuel efficiency and develop news soures of energy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. which federal department was established during the 1960's?

    A) defense
    B) energy
    C) petroleum exporting countries(OPIC)
    D) veterans affairs
    E) justice
    B) energy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. which department was created as a sesponse to the attacks of september11, 2001?

    A) department of veterans affairs
    B) department of homeland security
    C) department of air traffic security
    D) department of defense
    E) department of anti- terrorism activities
    B) department of homeland security
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. which american president was assassinated by a disappointed office seeker in 1881?

    A) theodore roosevelt
    B) william taft
    C) william McKinley
    D) abraham lincoln
    E) james garfield
    E) james garfield
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. the use of private military contractors and civilian interrogators in iraq is an example of

    A) decentralization
    B) devolution
    C) defederlization
    D) privatization
    E) commercialization
    D) privatization
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. which of the following is NOT a critique of privatization of some governmental services?

    a) private contractors do not always deliver more services at a lower cost than the gov
    b) private companies may not be held accountable for their actions
    c) private companies may play favoritism or be corrupt in their delivery of services
    d) private contractors may not be driven by concerns for the public good
    e) in theory, businesses are better than government bureaucracy at finding ways to save money
    • e) in theory, businesses are better than government bureaucracy at
    • finding ways to save money
  40. most analysis today view the concept of the iron triagle as a(n)

    A) accurate description of military policy but less accurate in describing othe policy areas
    B) accurate reflection of the problems facing government reformers
    C) philosphically relevant model
    D) accurate model confirmed by in-depth analytic studies
    E) limited and outdated model
    E) limited and outdated model
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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