A&P Chapter 5

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A&P Chapter 5
2013-02-18 20:17:55

A&P Chapter 5
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  1. Inflammation of the serous membranes that line the chest cavity.
  2. Generally located close to the surface of the skin.  It is capable of detecting sensations of light touch.
    tactile (Meissner) Corpuscle
  3. Composed of epithelial tissue and an underlying layer of specialized connective tissue.

    "Cover or Protect"
    Epithelial Membranes
  4. Dermis
    The deeper layer-filled with a dense network of interlacing fibers
    Reticular Layer
  5. Also called the superficials fascia

    Not a part or layer of the skin.  It lies deep to the dermis and forms a connection between the skin and underlying structures of the body
    Subcutaneous Tissue
  6. Eccrine- Wide Spread
       Regular sweat glands
    Apocrine Sweat Glands-  found primarily in the skin in the armpit and in pigmentes skin areas around the genitals
    Sweat (Sudoriferous) Glands
  7. Extremelyfine, soft hair that babies are born with.
  8. Small, cap-shaped cluster of cells where hair growth begins
    Hair Papilla
  9. The deeper of the two layers of skin.  Thicker that the epidermis
  10. Respond to pain
    free nerve endings
  11. composed exclusively of various types of connective tissue.  No epithelial cells are present in this type of membrane.

    "Cover Joints"
    Connective tissue Membrane
  12. Inflammation of the serous membranes in the abdominal cavity
  13. Epithelia membranes

    Line body surfaces opening directly to the exterior
    Mucous Membranes
  14. The transitional area that serves as a point of "fusion" where skin and mucous membranes meet.
    Mucocutaneous Junction
  15. Connective

    Lines the joint capsules that surround and attach the ends of articulating bones in moveable joints.

    Secrete a thick, colorless lubrication fluid called synovial fluid.
    Synovial Membranes
  16. Located deep in the dermis.  Capable of detecting deep pressure.
    Lamellar (Pacini) Corpuscle
  17. Small, cusion-like sacs found between many moving body parts.
  18. Secrete oil for the hair and skin

    Sebum- the oil secreted from the Sebgaceous glands
    Sebaceous Glands
  19. Most common type of skin cancer.  Usually appears on the upper face.  Originating in cells at the base of the epiderrmis.
    Basal Cell Carcinoma
  20. Slow-growing malignant tumor of the epidermis
    Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  21. Detect low-frequency vibration
    Bulboid Corpuscles  (Krause end bulbs)
  22. Upper region- characterized by parallel rows of tiny bumps called dermal papillae.
    Papillart Layer
  23. Epithelial Membrane
    Lines body cavities and covers the surface of the organs in those cavities.

    Parietal Portion- lines body cavities
    Visceral Portion- covers organs
    Pleura-thoracic cavity
    Peritoneum- abdominal
    Serous Membranes
  24. Produced by subcutanious tissue, pigment gives color to the skin

    Melanin-Brown Pigment

    Melanocytes- the cells that produce pigment
  25. The blue-gray color that appears when o2 levels decreas or blood flow is reduced
  26. The outermost layer of the skin.
    Stratum Germinativum-innermost layer
    Keratin-water proof material that provide protection

    Stratum corneum- tough outer layer
  27. Used to determine the extent of injury from a burn.  The body is divided into 11 sections of 9% with the genitals making the extra 1%
    "Rule of Nines"
  28. the junction that exists between the thin epidermal layer of skin above and the dermal layer below
    Dermal-Epidermal Junction
  29. The most serious form of skin cancer starts from a benign mole and then transforms.
    Malignant Melanoma
  30. A tiny smooth (involuntary) muscle attatched to the base of a dermal papilla that contracts only when we are frightened or cold
    (Goose Bumps)
    Arrector Pili
  31. Epithelia Membrane
    Primary organ the integumenary system
    Cutaneous Membrane