A&P Chapter 5
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Inflammation of the serous membranes that line the chest cavity.
Generally located close to the surface of the skin. It is capable of detecting sensations of light touch.
tactile (Meissner) Corpuscle
Composed of epithelial tissue and an underlying layer of specialized connective tissue.
"Cover or Protect"
The deeper layer-filled with a dense network of interlacing fibers
Also called the superficials fascia
Not a part or layer of the skin. It lies deep to the dermis and forms a connection between the skin and underlying structures of the body
Eccrine- Wide Spread
Regular sweat glands
Apocrine Sweat Glands- found primarily in the skin in the armpit and in pigmentes skin areas around the genitals
Sweat (Sudoriferous) Glands
Extremelyfine, soft hair that babies are born with.
Small, cap-shaped cluster of cells where hair growth begins
The deeper of the two layers of skin. Thicker that the epidermis
Respond to pain
free nerve endings
composed exclusively of various types of connective tissue. No epithelial cells are present in this type of membrane.
Connective tissue Membrane
Inflammation of the serous membranes in the abdominal cavity
Line body surfaces opening directly to the exterior
The transitional area that serves as a point of "fusion" where skin and mucous membranes meet.
Lines the joint capsules that surround and attach the ends of articulating bones in moveable joints.
Secrete a thick, colorless lubrication fluid called synovial fluid.
Located deep in the dermis. Capable of detecting deep pressure.
Lamellar (Pacini) Corpuscle
Small, cusion-like sacs found between many moving body parts.
Secrete oil for the hair and skin
Sebum- the oil secreted from the Sebgaceous glands
Most common type of skin cancer. Usually appears on the upper face. Originating in cells at the base of the epiderrmis.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Slow-growing malignant tumor of the epidermis
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Detect low-frequency vibration
Bulboid Corpuscles (Krause end bulbs)
Upper region- characterized by parallel rows of tiny bumps called dermal papillae.
Lines body cavities and covers the surface of the organs in those cavities.
Parietal Portion- lines body cavities
Visceral Portion- covers organs
Produced by subcutanious tissue, pigment gives color to the skin
Melanocytes- the cells that produce pigment
The blue-gray color that appears when o2 levels decreas or blood flow is reduced
The outermost layer of the skin.
Stratum Germinativum-innermost layer
Keratin-water proof material that provide protection
Stratum corneum- tough outer layer
Used to determine the extent of injury from a burn. The body is divided into 11 sections of 9% with the genitals making the extra 1%
"Rule of Nines"
the junction that exists between the thin epidermal layer of skin above and the dermal layer below
The most serious form of skin cancer starts from a benign mole and then transforms.
A tiny smooth (involuntary) muscle attatched to the base of a dermal papilla that contracts only when we are frightened or cold
Primary organ the integumenary system
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