Medical Terminology Chapter 4 @ TCC.

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Medical Terminology Chapter 4 @ TCC.
2013-02-18 21:32:24
Medical Terms Their Maenings

Davi-Ellen Chabner Nin ith Edition
Show Answers:

  1. abductor
    Muscle that leads a limb away from the body.
  2. adductor
    Muscle that leads a limb toward the body.
  3. adrenal gland
    Endocrine glands above the kidney.  Process of building up or synthesizing  substances ( such as proteins ) in a cell.
  4. analysis
    Separation of a substance into various parts.
  5. anoxia
    Without oxygen.
  6. ante cibum
     Before meals.
  7. anteflexion
    Bending forward.
  8. antepartum
    Before birth.
  9. antibiotic
     Against life ( germ life ). Antibiotics are drugs given to combat bacteria.
  10. antibody
     Protein made by white blood cells to destroy antigens.
  11. antigen
    Substance ( protein ) that stimulates  the production of antibodies.
  12. antisepsis
     Destruction of microorganisms to prevent infection.
  13. antitoxin
    • Substance produced against atoxin 
    • ( poison ); an antibody.
  14. apnea
    Without breathing.
  15. autoimmune disease
    Antibodies that are produced against an individual's own normal cells.
  16. benign
  17. bifurcation
    Branching or forking into two parts.
  18. bilateral
    Pertaining to both or two sides.
  19. bradycardia
    Slow heart beat, usually less than 60 beats per minute.
  20. congenital anomaly
     Abnormality present at birth; birth defect.
  21. connective tissue
    Tissue that supports and binds other tissues and parts. Examples are bone, cartiliage, muscle or fibrous tissue.
  22. contraindication
     A factor that prohibits the administration of a drug or procedure in the care of a patient.
  23. dehydration
     Excessive loss of water.
  24. dialysis
    Separation of nitrogenous wastes from the blood when the kidneys no longer function.
  25. diameter
    Measurement between opposit ( for example, blood vessel or intestine ) points on the periphery of a circular body part ( for example, blood vessel or intestine ).
  26. diarrhea
    Diarrhea is the frequent passage of watery, loose stools.
  27. dysplasia
    Condition of abnormal formation.
  28. dyspnea
    Diffcult breathing.
  29. ectopic pregnancy
    Pregnancy that is not in the normal location ( uterus ); a fallopain tube is the most common ectopic site.
  30. endocardium
     The inner lining of the heart.
  31. endoscope
    Instrument to visually examine within the body.
  32. endotracheal
    Pertaining to within the trachea.
  33. epithelium
    Layer of cells covering the extemal surface of the body and lining the hollow tubes within the body.
  34. euphoria
    Condition of exaggerated well-being (" good feeling ").
  35. euthyroid
    Normal thyroid fuction.
  36. exophthalmos
    • Eyeballs that protrude from their
    • sockets; associated with hyperthyroidism.
  37. hemiglossectomy
    Removal ( resection ) of half the tongue.
  38. hyperglycemia
    • High levels of sugar in the bloodstream; 
    • often associated with diabetes mellitus.
  39. hyperplasia
    Condition of increased formation of cells.
  40. hypertrophy
    • Increase in size of muscle or organ 
    • produced by enlargement of existing cells.
  41. hypodermic injection
    Placement of a needle below the skin.
  42. hypoglycemia
    • Low / deficient levels of sugar in the 
    • bloodstream.
  43. infracostal
    Pertaining to below the ribs.
  44. insomniac
    Pertaining to without sleep; an insomniac is a person who cannot sleep.
  45. intercostal
     Pertaining to between the ribs.
  46. intravenous
     Pertaining to within the vein.
  47. macrocephaly
    Condition of a larger than normal head.
  48. malaise
    General feeling of bodily discomfort.
  49. malignant
     Cancerous; harmful.
  50. metacarpal bones
     Hand bone.
  51. metamorphosis
     Condition of change of shape or form.
  52. metastasis
    Spread of a malignant tumor from its original site to a new or distant location.
  53. microscope
     Instrument to view small projects.
  54. neonatal
     Pertaining to a newborn infant.
  55. neoplasm
    New growth.
  56. pancytopenia
     Deficiency of all blood cells ( erythrocytes  leukocytes, and platelates ).
  57. paralysis
    Destruction of nerve tissue leading to less of sensation or motion in a part of the body.
  58. parathyroid glands
    Four endocrine glands on the posterior ( dorsal ) region of the thyroid gland.
  59. percutaneous
     Pertaining to through the skin.
  60. periosteum
     Membtane surrounding a bone.
  61. polymorphonuclear
    Pertaining to a nucleus with several or many shapes. Polymorphonuclear leukochytes are white blood cells with a multilobed nucleus.
  62. polyneuritis
    Variation in the shape of red blood cells.
  63. postmortem
     After death.
  64. postpartum
     After birth.
  65. precancerous
     Pertaining to occurring brfore a malignant condition.
  66. prenatal
     Pertaining to before birth.
  67. prodrome
     Symphtom that appears brfore the onset of a more serious an illness. An example of a prodrome is the fever that signals the onset of a viral illness.
  68. prolapse
     Sliding forward or downward.
  69. pseudocyesis
     False Pregnancy.
  70. recombinant DNA
    Insertion of a gene ( region of DNA ) from an organism into the DNA of another organism.
  71. relapse
     Sliding or falling back; as in recurrence of symptoms or decline after apparent recovery.
  72. remission
     Literally, to send back to good health; disappearance of disease symptoms.
  73. retroflexion
     Bending backward.
  74. retroperitoneal
    Pertaining to behind the peritoneum ( membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity ).
  75. subcutaneous
     Pertaining to unnder the skin.
  76. suprapublic
     Pertaining to above the pubic bone.
  77. symbiosis
    Close association between organisms of different species or a state in which two people are emotionally dependent on each other.
  78. symmetry
     Equality of parts, literally measured together.
  79. symphysis
     Bones that grow together separated by a piece of fibrocartilage. The pubic symphysis of the pelvis is an example.
  80. syndactyly
    Fusion of fingers or toes; a congenital anomaly.
  81. syndrome
    Group of symptoms that occur together indicating a particular condition or disorder.
  82. synthesis
    Conbination of simple substances to create something new and more complex.
  83. tachypnea
    Rapid breathing.
  84. transfusion
    Literally, to pour ( -fusion ) across ( trans- ); transference of blood from person to another.
  85. transutethral
     Pertaining to across or through the urethra.
  86. ultrasonography
    The prefix ultra-means beyond or excessive; sonography is the process of recording sound waves. Ultrasonography is the use of high frequency sound waves that arte beyond the range of normal hearing to produce a record or picture of an organ or tissue.
  87. unilateral
    Pertaining to one side.