Plant Kingdom

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Author:
Camila
ID:
201706
Filename:
Plant Kingdom
Updated:
2013-02-19 02:41:50
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Plants taxonomic structure process
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Description:
The study of vascular and nonvascular plants
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  1. Apical Growth
    Growthpromoted by the apical Meristem region of plants (at the root and shoottips).
  2. Asexual Reproduction
    • Anyreproductive process, such as fission or budding that does not involved theunion of the gamete.
    • >ApicalMeristem: The meristem at the tip of the root or shoot in a vascular plant.
  3. Bisexual Reproduction
    Aplant that has both sexual reproductive genders (sex, etc…)
  4. Cuticle
    Waxyor fatty layer on outer wall of epidermal cells formed of cutin and wax.
  5. Cytokinesis
    Divisonof the cytoplasm of a cell following nuclear division.
  6. Dichotomy
    Divisonof the cytoplasm of a cell following nuclear division.
  7. Dioecious Species
    Unisexual:having the male and female (or staminate and Ovulate) element on differentindividuals of the same species.
  8. Diploid (2N)
    Having two sets of chromosomes.

    2n chromosomes  numbers is part   of the sporophyte
  9. Gametangium
    Acell or multicelluar structure in which
  10. Gamete
    Ahaploid reproductive cell; gametes fuse in pairs, forming zygotes, which arediploid.
  11. Gametophyte
    Cell or multicellular structure in which gametes are formed.
  12. Genus
  13. The taxonomy group between family and species in rank.
    > Genera (plural) include one or more species.
  14. Germination
    Beginningor resumption of growth by a spore, seed, bud, or other structure.
  15. Haploid (1N)
    Havingone set of chromosomes (n).
  16. Hydroids
    Water-conducting cells.

    Cells of the moss hadrom-they resemble the trachery elements of   vascular plants except that they lack specialized wall thickenings.
  17. Kingdom
  18. One of the seven chief taxonomy categories.
    >Plantae
  19. Leptoids
  20. The food-conducting cells associated with the hydroids of some moss   gametophytes and sporophyte
    > Represents sieve element of some vascular Plants
  21. Meiosis
    Nucleardivision in which the chromosomes are reduced from Diploid (2n) to haploid(1n).
  22. Meristem
    EmbryonicTissue Regions primarily concerned with formation of new cells.
  23. Mitosis
    Process in which duplicated chromosomes divide and the daughter chromosome,   separatez to form two genetically identical daughter  nucleiThis process is followed by cytokinesis.
  24. Monoecious Species
    Having the anthers and carpels produced in separate flowers on the same individual.
  25. Peat Bog
    The food-conducting tissue of vascular plants, which is composed of sieve elements,various parts of parenchyma cells, fibers, and sclereids.
  26. Phloem
  27. The food-conducting tissue of vascular plants, which is composed of   sieve elements, various parts of parenchyma cells, fibers, and sclereids.
  28. Phylum
    ( or division) Taxonomic category of related, similar classes
  29. Plant
    • Living organism of the kingdom PlantaeMulticelluar groups-            Flowering Plants-            Conifers-           Ferns- Mosses - Or green algae
    •  
  30. Sexual Reproduction
    Thefusion of gametes followed by meiosis and recombination at some point in thelife cycle.
  31. Species
    The fusion of gametes followed by meiosis and recombination at some point in thelife cycle.
  32. Sporangium
    Plural: Sporangia
    A hollow unicellular or multicellular structure in which spores are produced.
  33. Sporocyte
  34. Sporophyte
    The spore-producing, diploid (2n) phase in a life cycle characterized byalternation of generations.
  35. Tetrad
    A group of four spores formed from a spore mother cell by meisosis.
  36. Thallus
    Type of body that is undifferentiated into steam, root and leaf
  37. Unisexual Reproduction
    A flower which is lacking either stamens or carpels.
  38. Vascular Tissue
    • Found in vascular veins
    •  >Contain Xylem and Phloem.
  39. Xylem
    • A complex vascular tissue through which most of the water and   minerals of a plant are conducted.
    • > Characterized by the presence of trachery elements.

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