art history 1 test 1

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moon23
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201831
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art history 1 test 1
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2013-02-20 18:58:34
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  1. define conceptual representation
    it is when an artist conceives what the disgusting features of the human figure
  2. define optical representation
    is when an artist shows a figure as it is seen by the eye
  3. what is the eygptian form of writing called
    hieroglyphics
  4. what stone was found that helped us learn to read hieroglyphics and what was on it
    • the Rosetta stone
    • hieroglyphics which is formerly
    • demotic which is slang writing 
    • Greek
    • all words were the same
  5. define what serdab is?
    it is the room with no door in a tomb (the door is painted on) it has a statues in it that looks like the deceased its a back up plan encase something happens to there real body
  6. what was mainly used to make pyramids
    limestone,granite,sandstone,diorite
  7. what was the 1st European bronze age civilization who and where
    minoans on the island of crete
  8. what was the form of writing called that the minoans invented
    linear a
  9. what are cromlech
    consists of many stones set upright and arranged in a concentric circles
  10. what is a dolmen
    consists of sevral stones set upright that are caped w/ an enormous stone slab
  11. where did the 1st civilation where was it
    fertile cresant now a days turkey, Jordan(near east)
  12. what was the first civilzation called and who were they
    • Mesopotamia
    • they were sumerian
  13. list the five basic characteristics of civilzation
    • 1. writitng
    • 2.large scale building
    • 3.complex social and political beliefs
    • 4.social class structure
    • 5. use of metals for tool and wepons
  14. who invented cumciform writing
    the sumerians

  15. period
    location
    name
    • aegean bronze age 3,000-1,200
    • Crete
    • the octopus vase
    • ceramic vase most famous one
  16. what are the three characteristic of Minoan art
    • 1. sea life
    • 2. peaceful scenes
    • 3.naturalistic

  17. title
    period
    location
    • the palace of Knossos
    • Aegean bronze age 3,000 to 1,200 b.c.
    • Knossos, crete

  18. title
    location
    period
    • the floor plan for the palace of Knossos
    • Knossos, Crete
    • Aegean bronze age 3,000-1,200

  19. what are the 5 characteristics of a Minoan temple
    • 1. built in terrain not easily defend
    • 2. no big walls 
    • 3. no big gates
    • 4.built around a centerly courtyard usually oriented north/south
    • 5.light wells

  20. what were the apartments to the east called and who stayed there
    • private apartments
    • the royal family

  21. what were the west apartments called and what were they used for
    • the state apartments
    • religious and government bussiness was done there

  22. what is this how dose it work and what was it used for
    are little courtyards without roofs so light can filter through the palace it also is a way to help circulate air and keep the palace cool.
  23. what are columns and what are the three parts
    are. how are the columns at the palace of Knossos different.
    • base usually big
    • column middle 
    • capital small top
    • they are small on bottom and big on top

  24. title
    period
    type of art
    location
    what room was this found in?
    • dolphin fresco
    • Aegean bronze age 3000-1200
    • fresco
    • Knossos Crete
    • the queens megaron

  25. title
    location
    period
    what is special about this sculptor
    • the snake goddess
    • Knossos Crete
    • Aegean bronze age 3000-1200
    • most famous sculptor from Knossos palace

  26. what about this art is Minoan and what is near eastern?
    • the dress is Minoan and the
    • face and big eyes are near eastern and the cone shape of the dress to.

  27. what was the process called that the Egyptians invented that was used to make this statue? what is the process work?
    • Faience 
    • 1.model in clay
    • 2.use a thick plaster like paint to cover sculpture
    • 3.fire it and that's what gives it its glass /shiny look

  28. location 
    period
    title
    why is some figures white and others brown
    what is special about this fresco
    • Knossos Crete
    • Aegean bronze age 3000-1200
    • the bull jumping fresco
    • because women were usually painted lighter than men.
    • most famous fresco from the palace of knossos



  29. title 
    location
    period
    what is it carved out of
    medium
    subject
    • harvester vase
    • Crete
    • Aegean bronze age 3000-1200
    • stone relief sculptor
    • stealit
    • men coming in or going out to the fields  singing

  30. title
    period
    location
    • queens megaron
    • Aegean bronze age 3000-1200
    • Knossos crete

  31. location
    period
    title
    • Beni Hasan
    • egyptian period 3000-335
    • rock cut tomb

  32. what is the name of the city of the dead where this was found?
    Beni Hasan
  33. what famous city of the dead was king tutankhamun found?
    the valley of the kings

  34. title
    period
    location
    • section drawing of Cheops
    • Egyptian period 3000-335
    • Giza,egypt

  35. why dose the middle pyramid have a cape what is the cape made of and why is it gone and what did all true pyramids have on them
    title
    location
    period
    • all pyramids had a limestone outer shell until the arbs came along after the fall of Egypt and took the limestone off. the limestone made the pyramids shiny.
    • pyramid of chephron
    • Egyptian period 3000-335

  36. title
    location
    medium
    period
    • statue of chephren
    • Giza Egypt
    • diorite
    • Egyptian period 3000-335

  37. title 
    location
    period
    name the 4 building all funeral complexs have
    • great pyramid of Giza
    • Giza Egypt
    • Egyptian period 3000-335
    • 1. valley temple/ gate temple
    • 2. covered casway
    • funerary temple
    • 4. actual tomb

  38. location
    period
    title
    • Giza Egypt
    • Egyptian period 3000-335
    • the great pyramids of giza

  39. title
    location
    period
    why did this pyramid not work
    • medum pyramid
    • medum Egypt
    • Egyptian period 3000-335

  40. location
    title
    period
    • saqqara (its a city of the dead)
    • step pyramid of king zoser
    • Egyptian period 3000-335
  41. who designed the step pyramid for king zoser and how did he do it. what was he the first of?
    • Imotep
    • he built a mastba and than kept adding steps until he had reached a 4 to 6 step pyramid. it was the first ever made
    • he was the first arctictuer

  42. title
    location
    period
    • mastaba
    • found in necropolis
    • egyptian period 3000-335

  43. location
    title
    period
    purpose of object
    • hierakonpolis
    • palette of narmer
    • Egyptian period 3000-335
    • a makeup palette

  44. what are the horizontal sections called
    frieze

  45. title
    location
    period
    medium
    • stele of the code of hammurabi
    • susa Egypt
    • near eastern 3500-335

  46. title
    location
    period
    • ziggurat
    • uruk Iraq
    • near eastern period 3500-335

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