Trent Science 1

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jb124
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201851
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Trent Science 1
Updated:
2013-02-23 20:45:37
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  1. natural resources that are constantly recycled or replaced
    renewable
  2. a resource formed mainly from the remains of microscopic-sized marine organisms buried beneath the ground
    petroleum
  3. kind of energy produced when billions of atomic nuclei from uranium are split apart in a fission reaction
    nuclear
  4. kind of power produced when the energy of flowing water turns a generator turbine
    hydroelectric
  5. heat energy contained in Earth's crust
    geothermal
  6. most of the energy we use, which formed in Earth's crust over hundreds of millions of years
    fossil fuels
  7. kind of cells used to turn sunlight into electric current
    photovolital
  8. natural resources used up more quickly than they can be replaced
    nonrenewable
  9. energy from the sun
    solar
  10. Wise use of ____ ____ is important for the health of all life on Earth
    natural resources
  11. 3 R's of conservation
    • reduce
    • reuse
    • recycle
  12. sunlight - renewable or nonrenewable?
    renewable
  13. natural gas - renewable or nonrenewable?
    nonrenewable
  14. cotton - renewable or nonrenewable?
    renewable
  15. forests - renewable or nonrenewable?
    renewable
  16. oil - renewable or nonrenewable?
    nonrenewable
  17. water - renewable or nonrenewable?
    renewable
  18. copper - renewable or nonrenewable?
    nonrenewable
  19. wind - renewable or nonrenewable?
    renewable
  20. coal - renewable or nonrenewable?
    nonrenewable
  21. walk instead of driving car
    don't use a plastic bag when buying one item
    buy products made from recycling material
    examples of reducing
  22. bring a reusable bag to the store
    donate outgrown clothes to charity
    examples of reusing
  23. when water falls to Earth, some water soaks into the ground, becoming part of?
    groundwater
  24. gravity causes some water to flow downhill as ___ water instead of soaking into the ground and this is called ___
    • surface
    • runoff
  25. soil and rock that allow water to pass through
    permeable
  26. unsaturated zone that water enters into
    zone of aeration
  27. groundwater will keep moving deeper into Earth until it reaches a layer of rock that is?
    not permeable
  28. area where water has filled all the space in the soil
    zone of saturation
  29. top of zone of saturation
    water table
  30. how fast does groundwater flow through underground rock?
    slowly
  31. underground layers where groundwater can be stored
    aquifiers
  32. groundwater is naturally ___ as it soaks through soil layers
    purified
  33. runoff that has not soaked into the ground
    surface water
  34. as runoff travels downhill, it forms the water in ___ and ___
    • streams
    • rivers
  35. area drained by a river and all streams that empty into it
    drainage basin or water shed
  36. streams that empty into a river
    tributaries
  37. high ground between two drainage basins
    divide
  38. flowing water can ___ the land in one location and ___ sediments in another
    • erode
    • deposit
  39. may deposit sediment after heavy rains, enriching the area with new soil needed for growing vegetation
    floodplain of a river
  40. soil that enriches an area for growing vegetation
    nutrient-rich
  41. drainage basin provides needed water for ___ life
    animal
  42. may form where river ends its journey into a still body of water like a lake or ocean
    deltas
  43. why are human beings dependent upon water?
    • survival
    • agriculture
    • industry
  44. dams are placed along some rivers in order to produce
    hydroelectric power
  45. lakes, rivers, and ocean contain sources of?
    • food
    • minerals
  46. Earth consists of how much water?
    71% with 3% freshwater
  47. much of the freshwater is in the form of?
    ice
  48. large areas of land that fall or slide due to gravity
    landslide
  49. unusually high water stage in which water slowly climbs over the edge of the river
    regular flood
  50. natural event that occurs due to lightning strikes or human activity
    wildfire
  51. unusually high water stage in which a wall of water quickly sweeps over an area
    flash flood
  52. number of births in a population during a certain amount of time
    birth rate
  53. any factor that limits the number of individuals in a population
    limiting factor
  54. organisms moving into a population from another environment
    immigration
  55. largest number of individuals an environment can support
    carrying capacity
  56. number of deaths in a population during a certain amount of time
    death rate
  57. threat of a naturally occurring event that will have a negative impact on people or the environment
    natural hazard
  58. statistics of temperature, humidity, wind, and amount of rainfall in a region over long periods
    climate
  59. effect of natural hazard that leads to environmental, financial, or human losses
    natural disaster
  60. organisms leaving a population to live in another environment
    emigration

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