vitamins

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Author:
cassiekay10
ID:
201916
Filename:
vitamins
Updated:
2013-02-19 22:20:18
Tags:
nutrition
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vit
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  1. retinol
    a
  2. beta carotene
    a
  3. vision, stored in liver
    a
  4. deficiency vit a
    night blindness, itchy-burning eyelids
  5. toxicity vit a
    jaundice, liver injury
  6. foods w retinol
    liver, eggs, yolk, butter
  7. foods w beta carotene
    yellow and green veggies
  8. cholecalciferol
    d
  9. made in bd w UV rays, stored in fat tiss
    d
  10. helps w absorption of ca and p for bone strength
    d
  11. def of vit d
    rickets
  12. rickets is=
    soft bones, bowlegs
  13. tox of vit d
    kidney dysfunction
  14. foods w vit d
    yeast, fish liver oils (natural source), fortified dairy products (whole milk, margarine)
  15. tocopherol
    vit e
  16. antioxidant -- protects cells from damage by free radicals produced in oxidation (protects heart/blood vess, decreases inflammation, prevents cancer); works w selenium
    vit e
  17. def in vit e
    hemolytic anemia, breakdown of rbcs
  18. tox of vit e
    none
  19. foods w vit d
    vegetable oils
  20. phylloquinone (dietary)
    k
  21. menaquinone (intestinal bacteria)
    k
  22. important for blood clotting and bone development; interacts w coumadin (blood thinner)
    K
  23. def in vit k
    rare (intestines produce), bleeding (newborns given vit k injection to prevent hemorrhage from cord cutting)
  24. tox in vit k
    none
  25. foods w vit k
    green, leafy veggies (best source)
  26. at soluble vitamins
    a d e k
  27. water-soluble vits
    b complex, c
  28. thimin
    b1
  29. coenzyme on cho metabolism; needed for normal function of heart, nerves, and muscles
    vit b1
  30. def in b1
    beriberi (pain, neuritis, paralysis of extremeties)
  31. tox of b1
    none, excess excreted in urine
  32. foods w b1
    pork, liver, beef, whole grains, legumes
  33. riboflavin
    b2
  34. coenzyme in protein and energy production
    b2
  35. def in b2
    cracked lips/corners of mouth (cheilosis), swollen tongue (glossistis), and ariboflavinosis (tiss inflammation and skin breakdown)
  36. tox in b2
    none
  37. foods w b2
    milk, animal proteins, destroyed by light
  38. niacin
    b3
  39. works w b1 and b2 in energy production
    b3
  40. def in b3
    weakness, fatigue, decreased appetite, pellagra
  41. tox in b3
    facial, chest, arm flushing/itching
  42. foods w b3
    meats, poultry and fish
  43. pantothenic acid
    b5
  44. coenzymes in fat and cholesterol, heme, and amino acid activation
    b5
  45. deb in b5`
    rare, widespread national occurrence
  46. tox in b5
    none
  47. foods w b5
    organ meats, whole grains, legumes
  48. pyrodoxine
    b6
  49. protein metabolism and cns functioning
    b6
  50. def in b6
    rare due to natural widespread occurence
  51. tox b6
    rare from foods; usually from supplements (muscle incoordination, nerve damage)
  52. foods w b6
    grains, seeds, organ meats
  53. cobalamin
    b12
  54. coenzyme in hemoglobin synthesis; needed for normal rbc and nercous system function
    b12
  55. def in b12
    pernicious anemia (lack of intrinsic factor); tx w b12 injections
  56. tox b12
    none
  57. foods w b12
    organ meats, milk, eggs, cheese
  58. folate/folic acid function
    part of dna, necessary for rbs development
  59. def folate
    megaloblastic anemia, nearal tube defects (spina bifida) in newborns
  60. pregnant woman needs more-
    folate
  61. tix folate
    none
  62. foods w folate
    organ meats, green leafy vegs
  63. biotin functions
    coenzyme in synthesis of fatty and amino acids, works w panthothenic acid
  64. def in biotin
    none
  65. tox in biotin
    none
  66. foods w biotin
    liver, egg yolk, soy flour
  67. ascorbic acid
    vit c
  68. builds connective tissue; prepares iron for absorption
    c
  69. def in vit c
    scurvy (pain and bleeding into joints)
  70. tox in vit c
    none unless above ul
  71. foods w vit c
    citrus fruits, tomatoes, green peppers

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