Operations 1

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Operations 1
2013-02-20 09:25:45

NREMT Operations Study
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  1. Name the four levels of EMS certification.
    • Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)
    • Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)
    • Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT)
    • Paramedic
  2. What is a Automated External Defibrallator (AED)?
    A device that detects treatable life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias.
  3. What is the National EMS Scope of Practice Model.
    A document created by the NHTSA that outlines the skill performed by EMS providers.
  4. What is Medical control?
    Physician instructions that are given either directly or indirectly.
  5. What is Reciprocity?
    The recognition by one state of another states licensure, allowing a health care professional from another state to practice in the new state.
  6. What is secondary prevention?
    Efforts to limit the effects of an injury or illness that you cannot completely prevent.
  7. What is a public safety access point?
    A call center staffed by trained personnel who are responsible for managing request for emergency services.
  8. What is public health?
    A focus on examining the health needs of an entire population with the goal of preventing health problems
  9. What is licensure?
    The process whereby a state allows qualified people to perform a regulated act.
  10. What is certification?
    A process in which a person, institution, or program is evaluated and recognized  as meeting certain predetermined standards to provide safe and ethical care.
  11. What is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)?
    Legislation enacted in 1996 providing for criminal and civil penalties for releasing a pt. health information with permission from the pt.
  12. What is the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)?
    Legislation passed in 1990 that prohibits individuals with a disability from being denied access to government programs and services and full and equal employment.
  13. What is Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) or Quality Assurance (QA)?
    A system of internal and external reviews and audits of all aspect of an EMS system.
  14. What is primary prevention?
    Efforts to prevent and injury or illness from every occurring.
  15. What is the medical director?
    The physician who authorizes and delegates to the EMT the authority to provide medical care in the field.
  16. What is a Type I Ambulance?
    Conventional, truck cab-chassis with a modular ambulance body that can be transferred to a newer chassis as needed.
  17. What is a Type II Ambulance?
    Standard van, forward-control integral cab-body ambulance.
  18. What is a Type III Ambulance?
    Specialty van, forward-control integral cab-body ambulance.
  19. What is decontamination?
    To remove or neutralize radiation, chemical, or other hazardous materials from clothing, equipment, and personnel.
  20. Where would you park the ambulance on the scene of a MVC?
    At least 100' away from the MVC on the same side of the road.
  21. What is cleaning?
    The process of removing dirt, dust, blood, or other visible contaminates from a surface.
  22. What is disinfection?
    The killing of pathogenic agents by direct application of chemicals.
  23. What is sterilization?
    A process, such as heating, that removes microbial contamination.
  24. What is The Cushion of Safety?
    Keeping a safe distance between your vehicle and other vehicles on any side of you.
  25. What are blind spots?
    Areas of the road that are blocked from your sight by your own vehicle or mirrors.
  26. What is a spotter?
    A person who assist the driver in backing the ambulance by watching for blind spots at the back of the vehicle.
  27. What is hydroplaning?
    A condition in which the tires of a vehicle may be lifted off the road surface as water "piles up" under them, making it feel as though it is floating.
  28. What is medivac?
    Medical evacuation of a pt. by helicopter.