FNPIII Midterm Peds Review

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Author:
DrCampola
ID:
202056
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FNPIII Midterm Peds Review
Updated:
2013-02-20 14:24:24
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FNPIII Midterm Peds Review
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FNPIII Midterm Peds Review
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  1. What is Gowers Sign?
    Gowers sign is when a child using the arms to push off from bent knees and gradually climbing the body and straightening up which is common in children with muscular dystrophy.
  2. Describe reasons for concern in an infant's cry?
    1.  A high-pitched cry may indicate increased ICP.

    2.  "Mewing" in cri du chat syndrome

    3.   Hoarsness in hypothryroidism
  3. Describe Brudzinski sign?
    • Brudzinski sign
    •  
  4. Describe Kernig Sign?
    • Brudzinski sign
    •  
  5. Describe Kernig's sign:
    • Kernigs Sign:
  6. Describe Rett Syndrome?
    Rett syndrome is a genetic disease that arrests certain areas of the brain.  Typically, the patient is female, onset at 5 to 18 months.  Affected girls ceased again developmental milestones.
  7. Described cerebral palsy?
    The term sugar policy is used to designate a mixed group of motor disorders caused by static injury to developing brains.

    This is a chronic nonprogressive disorder the degree of disability can vary from person to person.

    CP was once believed to be caused only by birth complications studies show that most children CP were born at term without complications.
  8. What is Klumpke palsy?
    Klumpke palsy is a paralyzed hand and forearm with good shoulder and elbow function.  

    Resulting from lower cervical nerve root, during birth.
  9. What is Erb-Duchenne Palsy?
    Erb-Duchenne Palsy - waiters tip positioning of the arm (shoulder adduction and internal rotation with wrist flexion).

    Due to trauma during birth of the upper cervical nerve roots.
  10. Guillain - Barre Syndrome is associated with what type of paralysis?
    Landry ascending paralysis.  A paralysis that usually follows a nonspecific viral infection, Guillain-Barre is a poly neuropathy that mainly affects motor nerves.
  11. What is macrocephaly?
    Macrocephaly is defined as head circumference more than 2 standard deviations above the mean for age and sex or one that is increasing to rapidly.
  12. What is Reye syndrome?
    Reye Syndrome is an encephalopthy process associated with influenz A and B.  

    Is a systemic disorder of mitochondrial function occurring during or after a viral infection and more often with the use of salicylates.

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