ANATOMY

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Author:
angiexalva
ID:
202066
Filename:
ANATOMY
Updated:
2013-02-20 15:09:24
Tags:
biology
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Description:
Chapter 1
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  1. ANATOMY
    structure of the body; form
  2. PHYSIOLOGY
    function of the body
  3. INSPECTION
    overall looking and assessing of entire body
  4. PALPATION
    touchy self examination
  5. AUSULTATION
    listening to sounds
  6. Example of how anatomy and physiology are complemtary.
    when breathing, lungs expand
  7. GROSS ANATOMY
    being able to examine a structure with a seeing eye
  8. CYTOLOGY
    study of cells
  9. HISTOLOGY
    the study of tissues and the way they're arranged into organs
  10. Subdivisions of Physiology
    • Cardiovascular Physiology (heart and blood vessels)
    • Pathophysiology (diseases and aging)
  11. ATOMS
    smallest particles with own individual identities (Hydrogen)
  12. MOLECULES
    made up of 2 or more atoms (Water)
  13. ORGANELLES
    come together to make functions in a cell (Mitochondria)
  14. CELLS
    simplest form of an organism that can act like a living thing (RBC)
  15. TISSUES
    bunch of cells working together to perform a certain function (Connective)
  16. ORGANS
    made up of 2 or more tissue types and work together to do something (Heart)
  17. ORGAN SYSTEM
    organs work together to do something specific (Nervous System)
  18. ORGANISM
    one complete living thing (Cat)
  19. ORGANIZATION
    organisms expel energy to keep order
  20. CELLULAR COMPOSITION
    living matter is put into at least one cell
  21. METABOLISM
    chemical changes in an individual
  22. RESPONSIVENESS and MOVEMENT
    organisms respond and react to environmental changes 
  23. HOMEOSTASIS
    • body maintains at stable condition
    • ability to notice change in the body and stabilize it (Bringing down a fever) 
  24. DEVELOPMENT
    any change of an organism
  25. REPRODUCTION
    passing genes onto the next generation
  26. EVOLUTION
    genetic change through generation
  27. DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM 
    balance of change in the body around a set point
  28. NEGATIVE FEEDBACK
    • body detects and fights change
    • brings you back to homeostasis
    • (when the body is too hot, it sweats to bring back to normal temperature)
  29. POSITIVE FEEDBACK
    • produces psychological change; encourages an action
    • keeps you out of homeostasis
    • (when a woman is giving birth)
  30. FEEDBACK LOOP
    • mechanisms offer original changes that triggered them (cause and effect)
    • Dynamic Equil., Set Point, and Negative Feedback
  31. INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
    • cutaneous glands (sweat and oil)
    • vitamin D synthesis, protection
    • skin, hair, nails
  32. SKELETAL SYSTEM
    • mineral storage for calcium and phosphorus 
    • works with the muscular system
    • blood formation, movement and support
    • bones, cartilages, ligaments
  33. MUSCULAR SYSTEM
    • maintains posture
    • movement, stability, and heat
    • works with the skeletal system
    • skeletal muscles
  34. NERVOUS SYSTEM
    • rapid nerve impulses, stimulus- response system
    • brain, spinal chord, nerves
  35. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
    • hormone production, internal chemical comm. and coordination
    • pituitary gland, thyroid gland, pancreas
  36. CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
    • distribution of nutrients, oxygen, wastes, hormones
    • heart, bloodvessels 
  37. LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
    • recovery of excess tissue fluid, detection of pathogens (returns to blood vessels)
    • lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils
  38. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
    • exchange system
    • absorption of oxygen, discharge of carbon dioxide
    • nose, pharynx, lungs, speech, acid base balance of blood
  39. URINARY SYSTEM
    • elimination of wastes, regulation of blood vol. and pressure
    • kidneys, urinary bladder, urethra 

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