Patho quiz 7 part 1

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  1. antrum
    • mucosa of the lower part of the stomach
    • produces thick, basic mucus
  2. pylorus
    extreme distal end of the stomach
  3. mucosa
    • epithelium
    • lamina propria
    • muscularis mucosae
  4. submucosa
    provides structural support for the mucosa
  5. muscularis propria
    contracts rhythmically to move materials through the alimentary tract
  6. serosa
    think, smooth membrane present on the outer surface of those parts that lie within the abdominal cavity
  7. constipation
    infrequent and/or difficult evacuation of feces
  8. diarrhea
    • refers to abnormally frequent and liquid stools
    • one of the most common causes of infant mortality
  9. Irritable bowel syndrome
    symptoms include constipation, diarrhea, and crampy abdominal pain
  10. GERDS
    occurs when highly acidic gastric contents slip back up into the end of the esophagus
  11. Helicobacter pylori
    cause gastritis and ulcers of the stomach and duodenum
  12. inguinal hernia
    outpouching of the abdominal cavity into the groin into which loops of bowel can slip and become entrapped
  13. hematemesis
    vomiting blood
  14. melena
    black, tarry stools produced by severe upper tract bleeding
  15. Hematochezia
    bright red blood in the stool caused by lower tract bleeding
  16. Adynamic ileus
    delayed movement and emptying of the gut caused by paralyzed gastrointestinal musculature
  17. gastric analysis
    measurement of acid in the stomach
  18. breath tests
    used to detect malabsorption and certain pathogenic bacteria
  19. Upper GI series
    radiologic exam of the esophagus, stomach, and upper small intestine
  20. Barium enema
    radiologic exam of the rectum and colon
  21. endoscopy
    use of a tube or flexible scope to look inside a body passageway
  22. Meckel's diverticulum
    outpouching of the ileum that results from failure of the embryonic connection with the yolk sac to disappear
  23. esophageal atresia
    absence of part of the esophagus so that the upper esophagus ends as a blind pouch
  24. congenital diaphragmatic hernia
    hole in the diaphragm through when portions of the alimentary tract can slide into the thorax
  25. imperforate anus
    failure of the anus to connect with the rectum
  26. congenital pyloric stenosis
    narrowing of the outlet of the distal stomach as a result of hypertrophy of the pyloric muscle
  27. Hiatal hernia
    allows the stomach to slide up through the diaphragm into the thorax
  28. Barrett's esophagus
    alteration of esophagus to intestinal-type epithelium more than 3 cm above the junction with the stomach
  29. traveler's diarrhea
    any acute diarrheal illness to travelers to foreign countries
  30. dystentery
    severe diarrhea with mucus and/or blood in the feces
  31. pseudomembrane
    necrotic cells, mucus, fibrin, and acute inflammatory cells forming a stick exudate
  32. toxic megacolon
    severe dilation and paralysis of segment of colon
  33. hyperplastic polyps
    • small raised exaggerations of normal mucosal crypts
    • aren't precancerous
  34. adenomas
    harbor genetic mutations that are precancerous
  35. short bowel syndrome
    insufficient absorption takes place simply because the small intestine has been reduced in length
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Patho quiz 7 part 1
2013-02-20 18:20:13
Patho quiz

patho quiz 7
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