Ornithology Structures Lab Quiz

Card Set Information

Author:
eeliz1
ID:
202192
Filename:
Ornithology Structures Lab Quiz
Updated:
2013-02-20 22:32:40
Tags:
okstate ornithology skeleton bird
Folders:

Description:
OKSTATE ornithology lab quiz
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user eeliz1 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Cranium
    smooth
  2. Craniofacial hinge
  3. Secondary bony palate
  4. Premaxilla
    top part of beak
  5. Dentary
    • lower part of beak 
    • mandible
  6. Cervical vertebrae
    average of 14-15 vertebrae (7 in mammals)
  7. Brachium
    humerus in wing (bone attaching to rest of body)
  8. Antebrachium
    • radius and ulna in wing
    • secondaries attach here
  9. manus
    • carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges in wing.
    • Primaries attach here
  10. Clavicle
    fused to form furculum
  11. Sternum
    may or may not have keel/carina
  12. Scapula
    Shoulder blade
  13. Uncinate process on ribs
    • bony protrusions from ribs which help to stabilize rib cage
    • helps with respiration
    • serve as attachment for scapula muscles
  14. Synsacrum
    • fused lumbar vertebrae, ilium, ischium, and pubis.
    • pelvic girdle
  15. Thigh
    femur
  16. tibiotarsus
    fused tibia and fibula
  17. Tarsometatarsus
    fused tarsals and metatarsals
  18. Toes
    phalanges

  19. What are A, B, C, D, and E?
    • A: Phalanges
    • B: Manus ("hand")
    • C: Alula 
    • D: Metacarpals
    • E: Carpals

  20. What are F and G?
    • F: Ulna
    • G: Radius
    • ANTEBRACHIUM

  21. What is I?
    • Humerus 
    • BRACHIUM
  22. Pygostyle
    • fused caudal vertebrae 
    • supports tail feathers

  23. 1-5
    • 1) Cranium
    • 2) Cervical vertebrae
    • 3) Ferculum
    • 4) Coracoid
    • 5) ribs with uncinate processes

  24. What are 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 17, and 19?
    • 6) Sternum (with carina)
    • 8) Tarsometatarsus 
    • 10) tibiotarsus
    • 12) femur
    • 14) synsacrum
    • 17) pygostyle
    • 19) scapula
  25. Bird toes
    • first toe: hallux (backward one)
    • may have 2-4. After the first, they are called "phalanges __"
  26. Functions of feathers
    • insulation
    • camouflage 
    • UV protection
    • flight
    • display
    • sound production
  27. Contours
    • outermost feathers (top layer)
    • protection
    • controlled by muscles
  28. Semiplumes
    • for warmth; cross between contour and down
    • have a supportive rachis, as on contour feathers, but lack the hooks that hold the barbs together
    • feather does not form a vane and has a downy feather look
  29. Filoplumes
    • consists primarily of the rachis with no barbs or only a few isolated barbs at the tip
    • not controlled by muscles
    • ave sensory receptors next to the base
    • found below contours, thought to give sensory input on contour feather activity.
  30. Powder down
    • never molted 
    • only in some taxonomic groups
    • tips disintegrate, forming powder (for waterproofing?)
  31. Bristles
    • small contour feathers
    • lack barbs on the outermost part
    • have an especially stiff rachis
  32. Down
    • feathers to insulate 
    • barbules lack hooks
    • lack rachis
    • soft and fluffy feather
  33. Calamus
    • the part of the shaft closest to the bird's body
    • hollow and does not contain any vanes.
  34. Rachis
    • The distal end of the central shaft
    • the area to which vanes are attached
  35. Vanes
    • extend from each side of feather
    • A series of parallel branches called barbs make up the vane
  36. Barbs
    • parallel branches in feather structure
    • branches off vein
  37. Barbules
    branch off barbs
  38. Hooklets
    tiny hooks keeping barbules together

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview