APUSH Ch. 27-28 Study Flashcards

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APUSH Ch. 27-28 Study Flashcards
2013-02-20 22:45:29
chapter 27 28 apush ap united states history

Questions that are most likely going to be on the Ch. 27-28 quiz, answers taken from apnotes.net
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  1. James G. Blaine published his ____________ which aimed to rally the Latin American nations behind the America's leadership and open Latin American markets to American traders
    "Big Sister" policy
  2. Secretary of State to President Cleveland Richard Onley, claimed that if Britain attempted to dominate __________ in a quarrel and gain more territory, then it would be violating the _________________.
    • Venezuela 
    • Monroe Doctrine
  3. Britain was determined to cultivate an American friendship. The ______________ between the United States and Britain became a cornerstone of both nations' foreign policies.
    Great Rapprochement
  4. Where did New England missionaries reach in the 1820's?
  5. In 1887, a treaty with the native government of Hawaii guaranteed ______________ at Pearl Harbor.
    naval-base rights
  6. What did the McKinley Tariff of 1890 make less profitable?
    sugar cultivation
  7. What caused American planters in Hawaii to support its annexation?
    the McKinley Tariff of 1890
  8. Who overthrew the queen of Hawaii in 1893?
    a desperate minority of whites
  9. Where did the Spanish put Cubans during their revolt in 1895?
    reconcentration camps
  10. Why did the Cubans revolt in 1895?
    sugar production became less profitable after America passed the tariff of 1894
  11. Who in the US government wanted to support the Cuban revolt in 1896?
    Congress wanted to help, POTUS Cleveland refused to fight
  12. What were William R. Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer known for?
    using yellow journalism to cause Americans to believe conditions in Cuba were worse than they actually were
  13. Hearst's _______ published a private letter written by the Spanish minister in Washington, Dupuy de Lome in 1898 that degraded POTUS McKinley and forced Dupuy de Lome to resign.
  14. Which American ship blew up in the Havana port and whose destruction was blamed on Spain?
  15. What was the Teller Amendment?
    a proclamation by Congress promising Cuban freedom after the US had overthrown the Spanish
  16. The readiness of the navy in the Spanish-American War was owed much to the navy secretary ___________ and his assistant secretary ___________.
    • John D. Long
    • Theodore Roosevelt
  17. Roosevelt called upon Commodore George Dewey's 6-ship fleet to descend upon Spain's ___________ in the event of war.
  18. On May 1, 1898, Dewey slipped by detection at night and destroyed the 10-ship Spanish fleet at _________.
  19. Why did Congress want to annex Hawaii on July 7, 1898?
    The victory in the Philippines prompted the idea that Hawaii was needed as a supply base for Commodore Dewey in the Philippines.
  20. The ____________, a part of the invading US army on Cuba, was a regiment of volunteers consisting of cowboys and ex-athletes.
    "Rough Riders"
  21. The Rough Riders were commanded by Colonel _________ and organized principally by ____________.
    • Leonard Wood
    • Theodore Roosevelt
  22. General Nelson A. Miles met little resistance when he took over __________ on July 3, 1898.
    Puerto Rico
  23. The Americans secured ____ and __________, but the ____________ presented POTUS McKinley with a problem.
    • Guam
    • Puerto Rico
    • Philippines
  24. America agreed to pay Spain ___________ for the Philippines because it was captured the day after the war.
    $20 million
  25. The ____________________ sprang up and fought the McKinley administration's expansionist moves.
    Anti-Imperialistic League
  26. Who was the Democratic presidential candidate for the election of 1900, who supported the silver standard and was anti-imperialism?
    William J. Bryan
  27. ________ helped approve the Spanish treaty, arguing that the sooner it was passed, the sooner the Filipinos could gain their independence.
    William J. Bryan
  28. By the _____________, Congress gave the Puerto Ricans a limited degree of popular government and, in 1917, granted them US citizenship.
    Foraker Act of 1900
  29. Through the ___________ in 1901, the Supreme Court declared that the Constitution did not extend to the Philippines and Puerto Rico.
    Insular Cases
  30. The US forced Cuba to include the _______________ in their Constitution in 1901, allowing the US to intervene with troops in Cuba.
    Platt Amendment
  31. On February 4, 1899, the Filipinos rebelled against the US when the US Congress refused to give them independence. They were led by __________.
    Emilia Aguinaldo
  32. President McKinley appointed the _____________ in 1899 to set up a Filipino government.
    Philippine Commission
  33. Who led the Philippine Commission in 1899?
    William H. Taft
  34. President McKinley's plan of ________________ of the Filipinos was very slow and involved improving roads, sanitation, and public health.
    "benevolent assimilation"
  35. Secretary of State ___________ dispatched a communication known as the Open Door note.
    John Hay
  36. The ___________ urged powers to announce that in their leaseholds or spheres of influence they would respect certain Chinese rights and the ideal of fair competition.
    Open Door note
  37. _______ was the only major power to accept the Open Door unconditionally and _______ was the only major power not to accept it.
    • Italy
    • Russia
  38. In 1900, a super-patriotic group in China known as _________ killed hundreds of foreigners.
  39. _____________ was the Republican presidential nominee for the election of 1900, supporting the gold standard and imperialism.
    President McKinley
  40. _________ was an issue proclaimed by the Republican Party that Bryan would destroy the nation's prosperity with his free-silver policy and other "dangerous" ideas.
  41. ____________ was nominated as McKinley's vice president.
    Theodore Roosevelt
  42. What were some of Theodore Roosevelt's beliefs on the US government?
    • he had no real respect for it
    • believed that the president should lead and take action in the general interest of the US
    • loose interpretation of the Constitution
  43. By the terms of the ____________ made with Britain in 1850, the US could not gain exclusive control over a route for a Central American canal.
    Clayton-Bulwer Treaty
  44. Because of friendly relations between the US and Britain, Britain signed the _________________ which gave the US a helping hand to build the canal and rights to fortify it.
    Hay-Pauncefote Treaty
  45. _______ stood in the way of the construction of the Panama canal.
  46. Panamanians, fearing the US would choose to build a canal in Nicaragua, made a revolution led by __________.
  47. Bunau-Varilla became the Panamanian minister to the US and signed the __________ in Washington, giving the US control of a 10-mile zone around the proposed Panama Canal.
  48. Roosevelt created a policy known as _________________, fearing that once European nations might stay in Latin America after getting involved, violating the Monroe Doctrine.
    "preventive intervention"
  49. The ______________ to the Monroe Doctrine declared that in the event of future monetary problems of Latin American countries with European countries, the US could pay off the Latin American countries' debts to keep European nations out of Latin America.
    Roosevelt Corollary
  50. In the ______________, Californians were persuaded to repeal segregation of the Japanese as long as the Japanese agreed to stop the flow of immigrants to the US.
    "Gentlemen's Agreement"
  51. In 1908, the ______________ was reached with Japan. The US and Japan pledged themselves to respect each other's territorial possessions.
    Root-Takahira agreement