psy test one

Card Set Information

psy test one
2013-02-21 11:20:28

test one
Show Answers:

  1. what is psychology?
    scientific study of mind and mental processes
  2. who is the father of psychology?
    Wilhelm Wundt (introspection)
  3. Wundt's student (structuralism)?
    Edward Bradford Titchener
  4. (fundamentalism) steam of consciousness? 
    William James
  5. behavioral perspective?
    environment shapes and controls behavior 
  6. Psychoanalytic perspective?
    unconscious motivation and early childhood experiences determine behavior and thought
  7. humanistic perspective?
    individual subjective experience is key to understanding behavior
  8. cognitive perspective?
    mental process underline behavior
  9. evolutionary perspective?
    role of inherited tendencies that have an proven adaptive in humans
  10. biological perspective?
    biological process, structures, and heredity explain behavior
  11. sociocultural perspective?
    there are social and cultural influences in behavior
  12. naturalistic observations?
    studied in everyday natural setting 
  13. laboratory observations?
    allows to exert more control, usage of precise equipment to measure response
  14. case study?
    study of an individual case using observation, interview or psychological testing.
  15. survey research?
    interview and questionneries used to gather information about a group of people 
  16. cor-relational method?
    method used to determine relationship between two elements, characteristics or behaviors
  17. experimental method?
    used to test a hypothesis between two variables
  18. independent variables (IV)?
    factor that is manipulated to determine whether it causes a change in another behavior or condition
  19. dependent variable (DV)?
    factor that is measured at the end of an experiment and it's presumed to change as a result of the IV
  20. experimental group?
    exposed to independent variable
  21. control group
    does not receive independent variable; used as point of comparison
  22. electroencephalograph (EEG)
    • captures brain activity 
    • records brain-wave activity
    • show brain activity every millisecond
  23. microelectrode
    • captures (single) neuron activity
    • small wire inserted into neuron without damaging it
  24. computerized axial tomography (CT Scan)
    • brain imaging technique
    • rotating computerized X-ray tube
    • cross-sectional images of the brain
  25. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    • brain imaging technique
    • more detailed than CT Scan
    • doesn't expose people to X-rays
  26. positron-emission tomography (PET Scan)
    • captures information about structure and function
    • maps the patterns of blood flow, oxygen use, and glucose
    • one image/minute
  27. functional MRI (fMRI)
    • captures information about structure and function
    • no injection required
    • preciser than PET scan
    • one image/second