Intro to Social Work Midterm
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Desired characteristics of social workers according to Hear Our Voice speakers
1. Time: spend time with youth
2. Good listeners
3. Talking directly to youth
Key Attributes of Social Work
1. Addresses the needs of at-risk populations
; may intervene at the micro, mezzo or macro level
- 2. Society believes people need to be helped and support programs to address problems
- 3. Agency based
4. Social Work is a profession
, requiring professional education and clear ethical standards
Social work perspective
1. “The social work professional promotes social change, problem solving in human relationships and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well-being.
2. Utilizing theories of human behavior and social systems, social work intervenes at the points where people interact with their environments.
3. Principles of human rights and social justice are fundamental to social work.”
English Poor Law of 1601
- 1. Re-defined welfare as a public, not just a private responsibility;
- 2. Identified local government as the public entity responsible for the poor
- 3. Denied relief if family resources were available.
Characteristics of Charity Organization Societies
- 1. organize various charities in a city to reduce duplication
- 2. certify needs and claims of clients in a systematic, investigative fashion
- 3. change the lives of the poor through home visits by volunteers to provide encouragement and serve as models of moral character
1. Integrated function of modern industrial society:
2. Universal eligibility:
- 3. entitlement programs
- Social Security, Medicare, Libraries, Veteran’s benefits
- 1. Applies only when family, economic or political structures break down
- 2. Selective eligibility: services delivered only to people to meet certain defined criteria.
- 3. When a person needs cash assistance as a service, the eligibility determination procedure “means testing”
Taxes, Soc Sec contributions. Fed dollars often funneled through state/county government agencies.
- 2. State: Gen excise tax. “TAT”
- 3. Grants: national/local foundations, corporations, government agencies (Kellogg Foundation, Geist, Bill Gates foundation) Community funds: County tax dollars (real property taxes, parking fees), or community fundraising such as HI United Way
4. Endowments and special funds:
income-producing monetary or property investments, sometimes through bequests, gifts by individual contributors, special fund drives
charge clients for services, based on ability to pay Insurance reimbursement: charging medical insurance for services
6. Purchase of service contracting:
Many public welfare agencies contract with non-profits or for-profit agencies to deliver services they are required to provide.
General Characteristics (6) of the modern Social Service System
- 1. Public or private
- 2. Primary or host
- 3. Sectarian or non-sectarian
- 4. Profit or non-profit
- 5. Geographic area served
- 6. Funding source(s)
Fiscal retrenchment(budget cutbacks)
social policy retrenchment/bureaucratic disentitlement
1. Imposing regulations that restrict access to services
2. Limiting resources
3. Postponing decisions to avoid expanding programs
4. Increasing bureaucratic accountability to reduce line workers’ discretion
5. Failing to heed suggestions of citizens advisory boards
6. Privatization of services
7. “Social triage” program cuts
- a) Social workers should respect clients’ right to privacy. Social workers should not solicit private information from clients unless it is essential to providing services or conducting social work evaluation or research. Once private information is shared, standards of confidentiality apply.
- (b) Social workers may disclose confidential information when appropriate with valid consent from a client or a person legally authorized to consent on behalf of a client.
- (c) Social workers should protect the confidentiality of all information obtained in the course of professional service, except for compelling professional reasons. The general expectation that social workers will keep information confidential does not apply when disclosure is necessary to prevent serious, foreseeable, and imminent harm to a client or other identifiable person. In all instances, social workers should disclose the least amount of confidential information necessary to achieve the desired purpose; only information that is directly relevant to the purpose for which the disclosure is made should be revealed.
- (d) Social workers should inform clients, to the extent possible, about the disclosure of confidential information and the potential consequences, when feasible before the disclosure is made. This applies whether social workers disclose confidential information on the basis of a legal requirement or client consent.
- (e) Social workers should discuss with clients and other interested parties the nature of confidentiality and limitations of clients’ right to confidentiality. Social workers should review with clients circumstances where confidential information may be requested and where disclosure of confidential information may be legally required. This discussion should occur as soon as possible in the social worker client relationship and as needed throughout the course of the relationship.
Steps in Professional Helping
- 1. Problem Identification
- History taking
- Rapport building
- Forming Partnerships
- Not advice giving
- 2. Assessment and Goal Setting
- “Start with the end in mind”
- Must be what client wants
- 3. Action Plan Development
- Task or series of tasks
- Incremental progress
- Contingency plans
- 4. Implementation
- put plan into action
- ongoing monitoring
- 5. Termination
- end of working relationship
- eval and followup
- 1. Racism
- 2. Elitism
- 3. Sexism
- 4. Heterosexism
- 5. Ageism
- 6. Handicapism
Effects of social injustice
- 1. Oppression through Discrimination: result of an imbalance of power between a dominant and minority group(s); denies access to opportunities/resources; minority group not considered or treated as equals
- 2. Dehumanization: results from being perceived as an inanimate object; labeling others as subhuman/bad/general category such as “boat people” (“those people”) reduces the emotional connection to a person’s suffering, justifies maltreatment, removes guilt
- 3. Personal Victimization: People who experience stigma incorporate its negative connotations into their self images,
- - “self fulfilling prophesies”
- - learned helplessness: sense of helplessness/powerlessness to change circumstances, “why try”
Why social workers should be concerned about electoral politics
Agency functions and policies created
by Board of Directors or body of elected officials
1. Policy affects
- 2. Client problems may be created by external forces to the client and can only be addressed through changes in social policy or increased funding for services
- 3. NASW Code of Ethics: ethical responsibility to society
4. Best advocates
for change are those who directly deal with community problems
Art and Science of Social Work
Socio Political Spectrum Drawing
What would you like to do?
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