The Third Estate
Artisans, shopkeepers, etc.
- a. Although 18th had rapid urban growth, 90% French towns had less than 10,000 inhabitants, with nine cities having 50000+
- b. 18th: consumer prices rose faster than wages, with result that these urban groups experienced a decline in purchasing power
- i. Paris: income lagged behind food prices and especially behind a 140 percent rise in rents for working people in skilled and unskilled trade