Card Set Information
Name any five accessory digestive organs
Teeth, tounge, gallbaldder, salivary glands, liver, pancrease
Contraction and relaxation of muscles of GI track leads to movements called_______.
Process of mixing food with digestive enzymes is by a process called________.
Elimincation of waste from the GI track is called______.
Give three examples of retroperitoneal organs of the GI track.
Pancrease, large intestine, anal canal, duodenum
Inflammation of the peritoneum can cause a disease called________.
Abdominal aorta arteries serve GI organs and this is called ______ circulation.
Name the 4 basic tunics.
Mucosa, submucosa, muscularas, serosa
Surface epithelium in the mucosa is lined by a connective tissue called______.
Goblet cells are presented in_______.
Segmentation and peristalsis is caused by the ______ tunic.
The nerve supply between the 2 muscle layers in muscularis externa is_______.
The protective outer layer of the GI tract is called________.
In esophagus serosa is replaced by fibrous connective tissue called______.
Both serosa and adventia can be foudn in________organs.
A mucosa lined cavity in the mouth is called______ cavity or ______cavity.
Anterior opening of the mouth is called_______.
Walls of the mouth are lined by_________to withstand wear and tear.
Stratified squammous epithelium
The muscle which forms the flesh of the lips is called_________.
The muscle which forms the cheek is________.
The recess bounded by lips and cheeks and gum and teeth is called_______.
Transitional keratinized zone: the place to kiss the lips is______.
The median fold that joins the lip to the gum is called________.
Chewed food with salivia is called______.
The tounge is held down to the floor by a fold of mucosa called______.
The smallest and most abundant papillae of tongue are ______ papillae.
Papillae at back of tongue arranged in "V" shaped row are_______papillae.
The groove separating the anterior 2/3 and posterior 1/3 in oropharynx is________.
Saliva is secreted by_______pairs of gland and they are_______.
3 Parotid pairs
Mandibular and submandibular
Inflammation of the parotid gland by viral infection causes a disease called______.
Watery secretion of the salivary glands is by________cells.
The enzyme present in the saliva is________.
Decrease in saliva leading to decomposing of food where bacteria grow leads to________.
Teeth lie in sockets called________.
Primary dentition of also called as ______ or _______.
Milk or deciduous teeth
The late arrival tooth is ______or_______.
3rd molar or wisdom teeth
The teeth adapted for cutting are______.
The teeth adapted for tearing and piercing are______.
The teeth used for gridning and crushing food are______.
Molars and premolars
Give the normal adult dental formula:
2I 1C 2PM 3M times 4= 32
The dental formula of a child of 5 years old:
2I 1C 2M times 4= 20
The hardest substance in the body is________.
______ line pupl cavity and secrete dentin.
Calcified outer surface of the root is called______.
Bone like material below the enamel forming the bulk portion of teeth is________.
Calcified unremoved plaque is called _____ or ______.
Tardar or Calculus
Espophagus pierces the diaphragm at the juntion called______.
Sphincter separating esophagus and stomach is______.
Cardiac or gasteresophageal
The stomach protrudes above the diaphragm leading to abnormiality called
Salivary amylase digestes _____ into glucose.
Swallowing while inhaling leads to_____
Food in the stomach becomes creamy paste and is called
Longitudinal folds in the stomach mucosal wall are called
The gate keeper of the GI tract is
HCl and Intrinsic factor are secreted by
Pepsin is activited by
Intrinsic factor helps in the absorption of
Pepsinogen is secreted by the ____cells
Name the 5 enteroendorcine cell secretions:
Gastrin, histamine, endorphines, serotonin, cholesystokinin, somatosatin
Only this class of food is digested in the stomach
Children have this special enzyme called_____ to act on milk protein______.
Vitamin B12 helps in the maturation of_____and B12 lack causes______.
Excessive removal of HCO3 from blood is called
The intrinsic ability of muscle to contract and relax is called
A dynamic filter of the GI tract is_____
Vomiting is regulared by_______center in_______portion of brain.
The major process involved in the small intestine in_____
The retroperitoneal part of the small intestine is_____
Ducts from the pancreas and liver join close to duodenum at
The sphincter at the junction of ducts from liver and duodenum is called
Sphincter of Oddi
Deep permanent fold of mucosa and submucosa of small intestine are called
Velvet like absorptive columnar cells of the mucosa in small intestine are
Projections on the small intestine mucosa having a fuzzy appearance are
Pits or openings between villa leads to tubular intestinal glands called
Crypts of lieberkyoon or intestine glands
_____cells in the intestinal crypts prduce lysozyme to kills bacteria
Lymphoid nodules in the small intestinal submucosa are called
Alkaline rich mucus is secreted in the small intestine by______
Doudenal glands or Brunner
Storage organ for bile is_______
Largest gland in the GI tract is
Name of 4 lobes of the liver
Right, Left, Caudate, Quadrant
The ligament that seperates the right and the left lobes of the liver is called
The remnant of the fetal umbilical vein associated with the liver is
Ligamentum Teres (Round Ligament)
Gallbladder rest on______liver lobe
_____ cells inside the sinusoids of the liver removes debris.
Bile salts are synthesized from______.
Name two bile salts
Cholic Acid and Chenodeocy cholic acid
Bile salts are conserved in the body by______circulation.
The brown color of feces is due to
Bilirubin is the waster product of
heme protion of hemoglobin
Bilirubin is metabolized in small intestoine to form
_____released by intestinal cells stiumlate liver to secrete bile.
The storage organ of bile juice is
____stimultes gallbladder to release bile.
When cholesterol crystallizes_____are formed.
Ultrasound treatment to break up gallstones
Deposition of pigment in blood and in skin causes
Pancreatic juices are secreted by_____cells in the pancrease.
Trypsinogen is activated to trypsin by
The majoir function of the large intestine is
The mass of lymphoid tissue and worm like strucutre attached to cecum is
Peritonitis is caused by
The function of the 3 rectal folds is to separate _____ from _______
feces from flattus
______veins are assoicated with anal canal.
Defication is faciliated by________maneuver
If too much water is absorbed in the large intestine, it leads to
Process of water molecule addition to break down chemical honds is______
Pepsin cleaves two amino acid bonds at_______ and ______
Tryosine and phenylalanine
The protein base enzyme present in children and not adults is_____
___-region of the bile salts cling to fat aiding in emulsification
Lipids are absorbed into the cells by_____transport
Adult celiac disease is a result of____by gluten in grains.
intestinal villi damage
Mucosal tumors, which are the roots of colon cancer are called
Inflammation of the GI tract causes