Digestive system

Card Set Information

Author:
esellers
ID:
202317
Filename:
Digestive system
Updated:
2013-02-22 20:56:17
Tags:
Disgestive system
Folders:

Description:
Digestieve system
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user esellers on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Name any five accessory digestive organs
    Teeth, tounge, gallbaldder, salivary glands, liver, pancrease
  2. Contraction and relaxation of muscles of GI track leads to movements called_______.
    Peristalsis
  3. Process of mixing food with digestive enzymes is by a process called________.
    Segmentation
  4. Elimincation of waste from the GI track is called______.
    Defecation
  5. Give three examples of retroperitoneal organs of the GI track.
    Pancrease, large intestine, anal canal, duodenum
  6. Inflammation of the peritoneum can cause a disease called________.
    Peritonitis
  7. Abdominal aorta arteries serve GI organs and this is called ______ circulation.
    Splanchnic
  8. Name the 4 basic tunics.
    Mucosa, submucosa, muscularas, serosa
  9. Surface epithelium in the mucosa is lined by a connective tissue called______.
    Lamina Propria
  10. Goblet cells are presented in_______.
    Mucosa
  11. Segmentation and peristalsis is caused by the ______ tunic.
    Muscularis externa
  12. The nerve supply between the 2 muscle layers in muscularis externa is_______.
    Myenteric Plexus
  13. The protective outer layer of the GI tract is called________.
    Serosa
  14. In esophagus serosa is replaced by fibrous connective tissue called______.
    Adventia
  15. Both serosa and adventia can be foudn in________organs.
    Retroperitoneal
  16. A mucosa lined cavity in the mouth is called______ cavity or ______cavity.
    Oral, buccal
  17. Anterior opening of the mouth is called_______.
    Oral orfice
  18. Walls of the mouth are lined by_________to withstand wear and tear.
    Stratified squammous epithelium
  19. The muscle which forms the flesh of the lips is called_________.
    Obicularis oris
  20. The muscle which forms the cheek is________.
    Buccinator muscle
  21. The recess bounded by lips and cheeks and gum and teeth is called_______.
    Vestibule
  22. Transitional keratinized zone: the place to kiss the lips is______.
    Red Margin
  23. The median fold that joins the lip to the gum is called________.
    Labial Frenulum
  24. Chewed food with salivia is called______.
    Bolus
  25. The tounge is held down to the floor by a fold of mucosa called______.
    Lingual Frenulum
  26. The smallest and most abundant papillae of tongue are ______ papillae.
    Filiform
  27. Papillae at back of tongue arranged in "V" shaped row are_______papillae.
    Circumvalate
  28. The groove separating the anterior 2/3 and posterior 1/3 in oropharynx is________.
    Sulcus Terminali
  29. Saliva is secreted by_______pairs of gland and they are_______.
    • 3 Parotid pairs
    • Mandibular and submandibular
  30. Inflammation of the parotid gland by viral infection causes a disease called______.
    Mumps
  31. Watery secretion of the salivary glands is by________cells.
    Serous
  32. The enzyme present in the saliva is________.
    Amalyse
  33. Decrease in saliva leading to decomposing of food where bacteria grow leads to________.
    Halitosis
  34. Teeth lie in sockets called________.
    Alveoli
  35. Primary dentition of also called as ______ or _______.
    Milk or deciduous teeth
  36. The late arrival tooth is ______or_______.
    3rd molar or wisdom teeth
  37. The teeth adapted for cutting are______.
    Incisors
  38. The teeth adapted for tearing and piercing are______.
    Canines
  39. The teeth used for gridning and crushing food are______.
    Molars and premolars
  40. Give the normal adult dental formula:
    2I 1C 2PM 3M times 4= 32
  41. The dental formula of a child of 5 years old:
    2I 1C 2M times 4= 20
  42. The hardest substance in the body is________.
    enamel
  43. ______ line pupl cavity and secrete dentin.
    Odontoblasts
  44. Calcified outer surface of the root is called______.
    Cementum
  45. Bone like material below the enamel forming the bulk portion of teeth is________.
    Dentin
  46. Calcified unremoved plaque is called _____ or ______.
    Tardar or Calculus
  47. Espophagus pierces the diaphragm at the juntion called______.
    Esophagial hiatus
  48. Sphincter separating esophagus and stomach is______.
    Cardiac or gasteresophageal
  49. The stomach protrudes above the diaphragm leading to abnormiality called
    Haital hernai
  50. Salivary amylase digestes _____ into glucose.
    Polysaccharides/Carbs
  51. Swallowing while inhaling leads to_____
    coughing relfex
  52. Food in the stomach becomes creamy paste and is called
    Chyme
  53. Longitudinal folds in the stomach mucosal wall are called
    Rugae
  54. The gate keeper of the GI tract is
    Pyloris sphincter
  55. HCl and Intrinsic factor are secreted by
    oxyntic
  56. Pepsin is activited by
    HCl
  57. Intrinsic factor helps in the absorption of
    B-12
  58. Pepsinogen is secreted by the ____cells
    Chief
  59. Name the 5 enteroendorcine cell secretions:
    Gastrin, histamine, endorphines, serotonin, cholesystokinin, somatosatin
  60. Only this class of food is digested in the stomach
    Protiens
  61. Children have this special enzyme called_____ to act on milk protein______.
    • Renin
    • Casein
  62. Vitamin B12 helps in the maturation of_____and B12 lack causes______.
    • RBC
    • permicious anemia
  63. Excessive removal of HCO3 from blood is called
    Alkaline tide
  64. The intrinsic ability of muscle to contract and relax is called
    Plasticity
  65. A dynamic filter of the GI tract is_____
    Pyloric Region
  66. Vomiting is regulared by_______center in_______portion of brain.
    • Emetic
    • Medulla
  67. The major process involved in the small intestine in_____
    Absorption
  68. The retroperitoneal part of the small intestine is_____
    Duodenum
  69. Ducts from the pancreas and liver join close to duodenum at
    hepatopancreatic ampulla
  70. The sphincter at the junction of ducts from liver and duodenum is called
    Sphincter of Oddi
  71. Deep permanent fold of mucosa and submucosa of small intestine are called
    Plicae circulares
  72. Velvet like absorptive columnar cells of the mucosa in small intestine are
    Villa
  73. Projections on the small intestine mucosa having a fuzzy appearance are
    Microvilla
  74. Pits or openings between villa leads to tubular intestinal glands called
    Crypts of lieberkyoon or intestine glands
  75. _____cells in the intestinal crypts prduce lysozyme to kills bacteria
    Paneth
  76. Lymphoid nodules in the small intestinal submucosa are called
    Peyers Patches
  77. Alkaline rich mucus is secreted in the small intestine by______
    Doudenal glands or Brunner
  78. Storage organ for bile is_______
    Gallbladder
  79. Largest gland in the GI tract is
    Liver
  80. Name of 4 lobes of the liver
    Right, Left, Caudate, Quadrant
  81. The ligament that seperates the right and the left lobes of the liver is called
    Falciform ligament
  82. The remnant of the fetal umbilical vein associated with the liver is
    Ligamentum Teres (Round Ligament)
  83. Gallbladder rest on______liver lobe
    Right
  84. _____ cells inside the sinusoids of the liver removes debris.
    Kuffer
  85. Bile salts are synthesized from______.
    Cholesterol
  86. Name two bile salts
    Cholic Acid and Chenodeocy cholic acid
  87. Bile salts are conserved in the body  by______circulation.
    enterohepatic
  88. The brown color of feces is due to
    urobiliogen
  89. Bilirubin is the waster product of
    heme protion of hemoglobin
  90. Bilirubin is metabolized in small intestoine to form
    urobilinogen
  91. _____released by intestinal cells stiumlate liver to secrete bile.
    Sectretin
  92. The storage organ of bile juice is
    gallbladder
  93. ____stimultes gallbladder to release bile.
    Cholesystokinin
  94. When cholesterol crystallizes_____are formed.
    Gallstones
  95. Ultrasound treatment to break up gallstones
    Lithiotripsy
  96. Deposition of pigment in blood and in skin causes
    Jaundice
  97. Pancreatic juices are secreted by_____cells in the pancrease.
    acinor
  98. Trypsinogen is activated to trypsin by
    enterokinase
  99. The majoir function of the large intestine is
    water absorption
  100. The mass of lymphoid tissue and worm like strucutre attached to cecum is
    appendic
  101. Peritonitis is caused by
    Ruptured appendix
  102. The function of the 3 rectal folds is to separate _____ from _______
    feces from flattus
  103. ______veins are assoicated with anal canal.
    hemmorhoidal
  104. Defication is faciliated by________maneuver
    valsalva's
  105. If too much water is absorbed in the large intestine, it leads to
    constipation
  106. Process of water molecule addition to break down chemical honds is______
    Hydrolysis
  107. Pepsin cleaves two amino acid bonds at_______ and ______
    Tryosine and phenylalanine
  108. The protein base enzyme present in children and not adults is_____
    Renin
  109. ___-region of the bile salts cling to fat aiding in emulsification
    hydrophobic
  110. Lipids are absorbed into the cells by_____transport
    Passive
  111. Adult celiac disease is a result of____by gluten in grains.
    intestinal villi damage
  112. Mucosal tumors, which are the roots of colon cancer are called
    polyps
  113. Inflammation of the GI tract causes
    Gastroenteritis

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview