Ch. 39 Skin
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What is a level 1 pressure ulcer?(Sunburn)
Nonblanchable erythema of intact skin
Stage 2 Pressure ulcer?
Partial-thickness skin loss involving epidermis ordermis
Stage 3 Pressure Ulcer?
Full-thickness skin loss involving damage or loss ofsubcutaneous tissue
What is a stage 4 pressure ulcer?
Full-thickness skin loss with damage to muscle, bone, orsupporting structures
What is stage 3 Pressure ulcer
Full-thickness skin loss involving damage or loss ofsubcutaneous tissue.
What are risk factors for pressure ulcers development? How do you get them?
- Elderly persons in nursing homes or hospitals
- Lying in bed or sitting in wheelchair without changing positions
- Lying for hours on x-ray or operating tables
- Coarse bed sheets used for turning by dragging
What is Pruritus?
What are 2 most common SKIN inflammatory disorders. (D and E)
Dermatitis or eczema
Allergic contact dermatitis manifestations?
Erythema, swelling, itching, vesicular lesions
What is irritant contact dermatitis and treatment?-cleaning
Chemical irritation from acids or prolong exposure.
Remove stimulus and apply topical agents.
Chronic, relapsing, proliferation of skin resulting in plaques that are scaly, thick and silvery.
What is acne vulgaris?
Hyperkeritinization, excess sebum production and follicular proliferation of Propionibacterium acnes.
What is Herpes simplex 1 associated with?
Oral infections (cold sore, fever blister)
What is HSV-2 Caused associated with?
Genital infections but can occur anywhere on the skin.
What are warts?
Benign Lesions caused by HPV
How are warts treated?
Salicylic acid or cryotherapy.
What are Verereal Warts? Looks and location, symptoms
Cauliflower-like occur on moist areas along glans of penis, vulva and anus. (Most common STI.
What is discoid Lupus?
Restricted to the skin, photosensitivity, face most common site of lesion involvement (Butterfly pattern)
What is candidiasis Albicans?
Can change from commensal organism to pathogen. Likes moist and warm environments.
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