Unit 2 terminology- cardiovascular and lymphatic systems

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rachels5iastate
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202375
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Unit 2 terminology- cardiovascular and lymphatic systems
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2013-03-04 23:53:40
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terminology
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cardiovascular and lymphatic systems
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  1. aneurysm/o
    widening
  2. angi/o
    vessel
  3. aort/o
    aorta
  4. arteri/o
    artery
  5. ather/o
    thick, fatty
  6. cardi/o
    heart
  7. cyan/o
    blue
  8. cyt/o
    cell
  9. derm/o
    skin
  10. dermat/o
    skin
  11. ech/o
    reflected sound
  12. electr/o
    electricity
  13. erythr/o
    red
  14. fibr/o
    fibrous
  15. hem/o
    blood
  16. hemat/o
    blood
  17. isch/o
    stopped flow
  18. leuk/o
    white
  19. lip/o
    fat
  20. lymph/o
    fat
  21. man/o
    thin substance
  22. megal/o
    enlarged
  23. melan/o
    black
  24. phleb/o
    vein
  25. radi/o
    x-ray
  26. rhythm/o
    rhythm
  27. scler/o
    hard
  28. steth/o
    chest
  29. son/o
    sound
  30. sphygm/o
    pulse
  31. thromb/o
    clot
  32. tom/o
    slice
  33. vas/o
    vessel
  34. brady-
    slow
  35. tachy-
    fast
  36. a-, an-
    without
  37. -algia
    pain
  38. -cyte
    cell
  39. -ectomy
    excision
  40. -emia
    blood condition
  41. -genic
    to generate
  42. -gram
    picture
  43. -graph
    recording instrument
  44. -graphy
    process of making a picture
  45. -ia
    (noun) condition
  46. -y
    (noun) condition
  47. -itis
    inflammation
  48. -logist
    one who studies
  49. -lysis
    destruction
  50. -megaly
    enlarged
  51. -meter
    measuring instrument
  52. -oma
    tumor
  53. -osis
    condition or increased number
  54. -penia
    low number
  55. -phobia
    fear
  56. -plasty
    repair
  57. -stasis
    control or stopping
  58. -scope
    looking instrument
  59. -scopy
    process of using a scope
  60. stomatoscope
    an instrument for examining the mouth
  61. glossitis
    inflammation of the tongue
  62. hypoglossal, sublingual
    under the tongue
  63. gum pain
    gingivalgia
  64. esophagogastric, gastroesophageal
    pertaining to the esophagus and stomach
  65. stomach pain
    gastralgia
  66. erythroderma
    red skin (blushing)
  67. leukoderma
    white skin
  68. melanoderma
    black (discolored) skin
  69. melanocyte
    black cell (dark)
  70. cyanoderma
    bluish discoloration of skin
  71. leukocytopenia
    decrease in number or not enough white blood cells
  72. leukemia
    condition of "white blood"
  73. thrombocytes
    blood cells that cause blood clots
  74. erythrocytosis, thromocytosis
    increase in red blood cells, or platelets
  75. peri-, epi-, endo-
    around, upon, inside or inner
  76. epicardium, pericardium, myocardium, endocardium
    membrane layer right on heart, membrane surrounding the heart, muscle layer of heart, inner lining layer of heart
  77. carditis, myocarditis
    inflammation of heart, inflammation of heart muscle
  78. electrocardiogram
    record of electrical waves given off by the heart (electrocardiograph is instrument used to do so)

    (EKG, ECG)
  79. cardiologist
    specialist in study of diseases of heart (reads electrocardiogram)
  80. sonograph, sonogram
    instrument that records sound, picture made by sonograph
  81. echocardiogram
    a record of sound waves reflected through the heart
  82. radiogram
    picture made by using x-rays
  83. tomograph
    an x-ray that takes views of slices or planes through the body
  84. cardialgia
    heart pain
  85. bradycardia
    slow heart action
  86. tachycardia
    rapid heart action
  87. arrhythmia
    abnormal rhythm of the heart (too fast or too slow)
  88. angiopathy, lymphangiopathy, angioplasty
    generalized disease condition of vessels, generalized " " of lymph vessels, surgical repair of vessel
  89. angiosclerosis
    hardening of vessels
  90. -scope, -scopy, -gram, -graph, -graphy, -meter
    instrument used to view/used for examination, process of using a scope, record/picture, instrument used to make a picture, process of recording a picture, instrument used to measure
  91. arterioscope
    instrument used to look into an artery
  92. stethoscope
    listen to chest sounds
  93. lymphoma
    lymphatic tissue tumor
  94. angiofibroma
    vessel tumor containing fibrous tissue
  95. arteriosclerosis
    hardening of arteries
  96. angiolysis
    destruction or breaking down of vessels
  97. atherosclerosis
    hardening of blood vessels by fatty substance
  98. lipolysis
    destruction (breakdown) of fat
  99. hemangioblast
    (hem/o=blood) (angi/o=artery) embryonic blood vessel cell
  100. hemolysis or hematolysis
    destruction of blood
  101. hemarthrosis
    condition of blood in a joint
  102. hematology
    study of blood
  103. thrombectomy
    excision of blood clot
  104. thrombus
    clot
  105. thromboangi/itis , thrombophlebitis
    vessel with clot is inflamed, vein with clot ""
  106. thrombosis
    condition of forming a thrombus (clot)
  107. thromboid
    resembling a thrombus
  108. thrombogenic
    pertaining to formation of clot
  109. thrombocytopenia
    lack of cells that aid in clotting (thrombocyte= cells that aid in clotting)
  110. thrombolysis
    destruction of clot
  111. ischemia
    blood flow stopped to certain area of tissue (caused by an occlusion of a thrombus/clot)
  112. infarct
    obstruction of blood supply- caused by ischemia
  113. embolism
    moving blood clot
  114. aneurysm
    widening of the blood vessels
  115. arteri/o VS angi/o
    • arteries and vessels
    • (arteries are vessels that carry blood AWAY from heart and veins are vessels that carry blood to the heart)
  116. sphygmography
    process of (creating an image of the pulse)  producing tracing images showing the rhythmic patterns and strength of pulse
  117. monometer
    tool measuring gas and liquids
  118. sphygmograph
    instrument used to create an image of pulse force
  119. sphygmomanometer
    instrument used to measure blood pressure
  120. phlebectomy VS phlebtomy
    excision of vein, incision of vein
  121. phleboplasty
    surgical repair of vein
  122. hemostasis, phlebostasis, arteriostasis
    act of controlling blood flow, control of flow in veins, " " " " arteries
  123. AMI
    acute myocardial infarction
  124. AS
    arteriosclerosis
  125. ASCVD
    arteriosclerosis cardiovascular disease
  126. ASHD
    arteriosclerosis heart disease
  127. CAT, CT, CAT scan
    computed (axial) tomography
  128. CBC
    complete blood count
  129. Diff
    differential whit blood cell count
  130. DVT
    deep vein thrombosis
  131. ECHO
    echocardiogram
  132. Hct
    hematocrit
  133. HGB, HB, Hgb, Hb
    hemoglobin
  134. MI
    myocardial infarction
  135. P
    pulse
  136. PVC
    premature ventricular contraction
  137. RDMS
    registered diagnostic medical sonographer
  138. XR
    x-ray

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