Ap Labs 1-3 TTK

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Ap Labs 1-3 TTK
2013-02-21 21:57:49
ap lab

ap lab
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  1. Intermediate
    Between two structures
  2. Caudal
    Towards the feet
  3. Sagittal Section, two types
    • Front to back plane
    • Midsagittal, Parasagittal
  4. Frontal section
    Divides anterior from posterior
  5. Transverse plane
    Divides superior from inferior
  6. Body cavities (7 major)
    • Dorsal
    • Ventral
    • Cranial
    • Spinal
    • Pelvic
    • Abdominal
    • Thoracic
  7. Nine abdominal regions
    • Right Hypochondriac
    • Epigastric
    • Left hypochondriac

    • Right lumbar
    • Umbilical
    • Left lumbar

    • Right Iliac
    • Hypogastric
    • Left iliac
  8. Buccal region
    pertaining to the cheek
  9. Carpal
    pertaining to the wrist
  10. Crural
  11. Coxal
  12. Femoral
  13. Inguinal
  14. Hallux
    Great toe
  15. Fibular
    • also peroneal
    • Side of the leg
  16. Thoracic region
    pertaining to the chest
  17. Brachial
  18. Dorsum
  19. Olecranal
    posterior elbow
  20. popliteal
    back of knee
  21. sural
    calf, posterior leg
  22. crural
    shin or front of leg
  23. Serosa
    Serous membrane
  24. Pollex
  25. Chromatin
    Genetic material loosely dispersed throughout the nucleus
  26. Nucleolus
    • round bodies inside the nucleus, primarily proteins and ribosomes.
    • Assembly site for ribosomal particles
  27. Nuclear envelope
    double layered porous membrane, has nuclear pores, unlike cell membrane. Pores allow passage of RNA molecules and proteins.
  28. Cytosol
    liquid cytoplasmic material
  29. Ribosome
    Spherical bodies composed of RNA and protein. Sites of protein synthesis. Can float free or be attached to a membranous structure.
  30. Endoplasmic reticulum
    • Folded system of membrane tubules and cisternae (sacs).
    • Rough is studded with ribosomes. Stores proteins and dispatches them to other areas. Also phospholipid and cholesterol synthesis.

    • Smooth-steroid hormone production, detox.
    • Liver, testes.
  31. Golgi apparatus
    Modifies, moves and ships proteins.
  32. Lysosome
    Full of digestive enzymes. Digests worn out cell parts and foreign substances.
  33. Peroxisomes
    Contains enzymes. Oxidaze detoxifies harmful substances. Very abundant in kidney and liver cells.
  34. Mitochondria
    Rod-shaped with folded inner membranes (cristae). End products of food digestion are broken down to produce ATP.
  35. Cytoskeleton
    Supportive structures made of proteins. Microtubules direct formation of spindles, act in transport, suspend organelles, maintain shape.
  36. Intermediate filaments
    stable skeletal elements that act as guy wires to resist mechanical pulling.
  37. Microfilaments
    Ribbon or cordlike, contractile proteins (actin).
  38. Centrioles
    During cell division, directs the formation of the mitotic spindle. Also forms cilia and flagella.
  39. Mitotic Stages
    • Interphase
    • Early prophase
    • Late Porphase
    • Anaphase
    • Telophase
    • Cytokinesis

    Intensively Eating Large Apples Takes Courage.
  40. Anaphase
  41. Early prophase
  42. Interphase
  43. Late prophase
  44. Telophase
  45. Anaphase
  46. Early prophase
  47. Interphase
  48. Metaphase
  49. Telophase
  50. Diagram of Telophase