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(varieties of attachment: The strange situation) Who devised a procedure to evoke attachment behavior?
- Mary Ainsworth
- *strange situation
(varieties of attachment: The strange situation)How was the strange situation devised to assess attachment ?
by going through 8 Vignettes
(varieties of attachment: The strange situation) The strange situation led to...
development of 4 attachment classifications
(variations in attachment) Secure attachment (3)
-mom is secure base
-cry upon separation
-return to mom upon return
(variations in attachment) (2) Insecure avoidant attachment
-no interaction with mom
-no response upon separation or return
(variations in attachment) Insecure resistant attachment (3)
-less likely to play with toys with mom around
-show distress upon separation
-show ambivalence(mixed feelings) upon return
(variations in attachment) Disorganized-disoriented attachment (3)
-extremely unusual behavior
-dazed when mom leaves
-fear upon return
***may lead to problems in later life
Attachment theory suggests that the quality of attachment is determined by these two variables
(attachment theory)(2 variables that determine quality) Maternal sensitivity
knows what a child needs at any given time
(attachment theory)(2 variables that determine quality) Maternal responsiveness
is quick to assist or soothe when needed
Bowlby AND Internal Working model of attachment
Bowlby thinks that the type of attachment child acquired with mother, can be applied in later relationships
Research findings AND Disorganized attachment
preductive of later problems
(critiques of attachment theory) Child Effect (2)
-children are born with different temperaments
- -influence is also bidirectional (both ways).
- *mother influences kid so does the kid
(critiques of attachment theory) Cultural critique (2)
-varies on parenting style
-some cultures prefer their kids shy and calm
Are attachments recognizable across cultures?
Japan AND Insecure resistant attachment
Has the most
Germany AND insecure avoidants
What role do the father play in traditional culutres?
-be the provider and disciplinarian
The Warlpire and DAughters
they have a unique bond
The Manu fathers AND their kids
they become involved after toddlerhood
What type of parenting style have the father become in recent years?
- *everything is equal and fair
Traditional Cultures Older siblings AND Care of younger siblings (2)
-they may be held responsible for the care of their younger siblings
-can provide emotional comfort and security if prmary not around
Conflicts AND Siblings
they are the most common types of conflict
What can having younger siblings do to a toddler?
-can change attachment quality
-also increased in aggresion
(peer interaction) Solitary play
-they play by themselves
(peer interaction) Parallel play
- same acitivty but not with each other
- *they mimic their activty but do it by themselves
(peer interaction) Simple social play
talking, smiling, and sharing toys or things
(peer interaction) Cooperative pretend play
involving sharing a fantasy
Toddlers Social life AND daycare
Toddlers in day care exhibit social play sooner
Can friendships develop in toddlehood?
yes with same emotions
3 main symptons of Autism
-lack of interest in social relations
- -abnormal language development
- *cannot say certain words
- *may never develop language
- -repetitive behaviors
- *celing fan
- *enjoy stuff spinning
About how many children are affected by Autism?
1 in 500
How many have Autistic Spectrum disorder?
4 in 100
Origins of Autism
Can Autism be detetcted during infancy?
Can T.V encourage pro-social behavior?
What is displacement theory and to waht does it apply?
It applies to children watching T.V instead of doing something more productive
How many hours is recommended for children to watch T.V?
no more than 2 hours
(growth from age 3 to 6) how many inches and pounds do children typically gain a year?
2-3 inches 5-7 pounds
(growth from age 3 to 6) What happens to the baby teeth?
they get replaced by primary teeth
(growth from age 3 to 6) Tooth decay varies through countries (2)
-in the early years developing countries have more decays
-in middle years it is the developed chidlrent that have it
(growth from age 3 to 6) Does the brain keep growing or stops?
it grows gradually
(growth from age 3 to 6) Is frontal lobe growth important during preschool years?
(growth from age 3 to 6) 4 parts of brain that are extremely important
(4 parts of brain important) Corpus callosum (2)
-connects left and right hemispheres of the brain
-myelination peaks through childhood
(4 parts of brain important) Cerebellum (2)
-controls balance and motor movements
- -substantial myelination occurs here also
- *connects cerebellum and cerebral cortex
- **this myelination makes child perfomr motor taks
(4 parts of brain important) Hippocampus (2)
-involved in transfer of information from short-term to long-term memory
- -infantile amnesia
- *myelanation isnt completed till age 5 thus cant fully rememeber anything prior
(4 parts of brain important) reticular formation (2)
-myelanation is complete by age 5
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