Phoenix Volume 2

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Author:
readyreg29
ID:
202452
Filename:
Phoenix Volume 2
Updated:
2013-03-02 11:27:37
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Phoenix Volume
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Description:
Phoenix Volume 2
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  1. Fireground factors:
    Basic items Command must consider in the evaluation of tactical situations
    • Size-up
    • Decision-making
    • Initiating action
    • Review
    • Revision on the fireground
  2. Fireground factors:
    Three basic information factors
    • Visual Factors
    • Reconnaissance Factors
    • Preplanning and Familiarity Factors
  3. Fireground factors:
    Fireground factors which should be evaluated by Command as they pertain to Buildings
    • Size
    • Roof type (Bow string, bar joist, etc.), and condition
    • Roof covering (concrete, composite, tile)
    • Interior arrangement/access (stairs, halls, elevators)
    • Construction type
    • Age
    • Condition--faults/weaknesses
    • Value
    • Compartmentation/separation
    • Vertical-horizontal openings, shafts, channels
    • Outside openings--doors and windows/degree of security
    • Utility characteristics (hazards/controls)
    • Concealed spaces/attic characteristics
    • Exterior access
    • Effect the fire has had on the structure (at this point)
    • Time projection on continuing fire effect on building
  4. Fireground factors:
    Fireground factors which should be evaluated by Command as they pertain to Fire
  5. Size
    • Extent (% of structure involved)
    • Location
    • Stage (inception--flashover)
    • Direction of travel (most dangerous)
    • Time of involvement
    • Type and amount of material involved--structure/interior finish/contents
    • Type and amount of material left to burn
    • Product of combustion liberation
  6. Fireground factors:
    Fireground factors which should be evaluated by Command as they pertain to OCCUPANCY
    • Specific occupancy
    • Type-group (business, mercantile, public assembly, institutional,
    • residential, hazardous, industrial, storage, school)
    • Value characteristics associated with occupancy
    • Fire load (size, nature)
    • Status (open, closed, occupied, vacant, abandoned, under
    • construction)
    • Occupancy associated characteristics/hazards
    • Type of contents (based on occupancy)
    • Time--as it affects occupancy use
    • Loss Control profile/susceptibility of contents to
    • damage/specific loss control needs (computers, business records)
  7. Fireground factors:
    Fireground factors which should be evaluated by Command as they pertain to LIFE HAZARD
    • Number of occupants
    • Location of occupants (in relation to the fire)
    • Condition of occupants (by virtue of fire exposure)
    • Incapacities of occupants
    • Commitment required for search and rescue (personnel, equipment, and
    • Command)
    • Fire control required for search and rescue
    • Needs for EMS
    • Time estimate of fire effect on victims
    • Exposure of spectators/control of spectators
    • Hazards to fire personnel
    • Access rescue forces have to victims
    • Characteristics of escape routes/avenues of escape (type,
    • safety, fire conditions, etc.)
  8. Fireground factors:
    Fireground factors which should be evaluated by Command as they pertain to ARRANGEMENT
    • Access, arrangement, and distance of external exposure
    • Combustibility of exposures
    • Access, arrangement, and nature of internal exposures
    • Severity and urgency of exposures (fire effect)
    • Value of exposures
    • Most dangerous direction--avenue of spread Time estimate of fire effect on exposures (internal and external)
    • Obstructions to operations
    • Capability/limitations on apparatus movement and use
  9. Fireground factors:
    Fireground factors which should be evaluated by Command as they pertain to RESOURCES
    • Personnel and equipment on scene
    • Personnel and equipment responding
    • Personnel and equipment available in reserve or in Staging
    • Estimate of response time additional resources
    • Condition of personnel
    • Capability and willingness of personnel
    • Capability of Command personnel
    • Availability of hydrants
    • Supplemental water sources
    • Adequacy of water supply
    • Built-in private fire protection (sprinkler, standpipe, alarms)
    • Outside agency resource and response time
  10. Fireground factors:
    Fireground factors which should be evaluated by Command as they pertain to OTHER FACTORS/CONDITIONS
    • Time of day/night
    • Day of week
    • Season
    • Special hazards by virtue of holidays and special events
    • Weather (wind, rain, heat, cold, humid, visibility)
    • Traffic conditions
    • Social conditions (strike, riot, mob, rock festival)
  11. Positive Pressure Ventilation:
    Name some benefits to fire operations
    • removes heat & smoke from structure
    • improves patient survivability
    • improves search & rescue ops
    • increases ability to attack/extinguishment
    • reduces FF heat stress
    • reduces loss by smoke & fire damage
    • reduce risk / need of roof ventilation
  12. Positive Pressure Ventilation:
    Positive pressure fans should be placed where:
    at the point of entry from the unburned side of the fire
  13. Positive Pressure Ventilation:
    Fans should be positions how far back from the entry point
    12 - 15 feet
  14. Positive Pressure Ventilation:
    What are two major tactical considerations that are required for positive pressure ventilation
    an "exit" for the pressurized air(window/door)

    must be injected from the unburned side
  15. Positive Pressure Ventilation:
    In attic fires during an initial attack fire crews should apply water in the ceiling by using what
    small openings in the ceiling
  16. Car Fires
    The minimum level of protection for fire fighters is
    Full PPE on air
  17. Car Fires
    The minimum size hoseline for car fires is:
    1 - 1/2" handline
  18. Car Fires:
    Why should the apparatus be placed upwind and uphill of an incident if possible?
    • For protection from hazardous liquids and vapors
    • Reduces smoke in work area
  19. Car Fires
    Where patients are trapped in a vehicle, first water should be applied to:
    Protect the patients and permit rescue
  20. Car Fires
    When rescue is not a factor, how should first water be applied
    • For several seconds to extinguish fire
    • Cool down area around any fuel tanks or fuel systems
  21. Car Fires
    Bumper assemblies have been know to travel how far
    25 feet
  22. Car Fires
    When disconnecting battery cables which cable is disconnected first
    Ground cable
  23. Tactical Priorities
    Basic tactical priorities
     
    • Rescue
    • Fire Control
    • Property Conservation
  24. Tactical Priorities
    The umbrella of service is made up of three on-going considerations
    • Fire fighter safety
    • Customer service
    • Loss control
  25. Tactical Priorities
    Continuing efforts for fire fighter safety include
    • Physical fitness
    • mental prepardness

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