Pulmonary Medical Terminology

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Author:
lhills
ID:
202507
Filename:
Pulmonary Medical Terminology
Updated:
2013-02-23 16:00:06
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Pulmonary terms
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Description:
Pulmonary terms, suffixes, prefixes
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  1. Upper respiratory tract includes...
    nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea
  2. Lower respiratory tract includes...
    left and right bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, and the lungs
  3. adenoid/o
    adenoids
  4. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  5. laryng/o (3)
    larynx (voice box)
  6. -scope
    instrument for examining
  7. nas/o, rhin/o (used in surgical terms)
    nose

    nasal, rhinorrhea
  8. pharyng/o (2)
    pharynx (throat)
  9. tonsill/o
    tonsils

    peritonsillar:pertaining to area surrounding the tonsils
  10. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)
  11. -stomy
    forming an opening (mouth)

    tracheostomy; creation of an opening into the trachea
  12. alveol/o
    alveolus (alveoli)
  13. bronchi/o, bronch/o
    bronchus (bronchi)

    • bronchiectasis: dialiation of a bronchus or bronchi
    • -ectasis: dilation, expansion

    bronchoscope: curved, flexible tube with a light for visual examination of the bronchi
  14. bronchiol/o
    bronchiole
  15. pleur/o
    pleura
  16. pneum/o, pneumon/o
    air, lung

    pneumectomy: excision of all or part of a lung

    ia: condition

    pneumonia: acute inflammation and infection of aveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction
  17. pulmon/o
    lung
  18. thorac/o
    chest
  19. -algia, -dynia
    pain
  20. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion
  21. atel:
    incomplete; imperfect
  22. -osis
    abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
  23. -osmia
    smell
  24. -oxia
    oxygen
  25. -phagia
    swallowing, eating
  26. -pnea
    breathing
  27. -spasm
    involuntary contraction, twitching
  28. -thorax
    chest
  29. py/o
    pus
  30. para-
    near, beside, beyond
  31. paranasal sinuses
    hollow spaces within the skull that open into the nasal cavities. They are lined with ciliated epithelium, which is continuous with the mucosa of the nasal cavities
  32. nose bleed
    rhin/o/rrhagia
  33. swallowing air
    aer/o/phagia
  34. -plegia
    paralysis
  35. -stenosis
    stricture or narrowing
  36. nasal cavity (1)
    where fine hairs catch many dust particles that we inhale
  37. epiglottis
    superior to the larynx; closes off the pharynx during swallowing so that food is directed into the esophagus
  38. trachea
    cylindrical tube composed of smooth muscle embedded with a series of 20 C-shaped rings of cartilage.  The trachea extends downward into the thoracic cavity where it divides to form right and left primary bronchi

    (inverted tree)
  39. right and left primary bronchi
    extension of trachea; each bronchus enters a lung and continues to subdivide into increasingly finer, smaller branches known as bronchioles
  40. -ole
    small, minute
  41. -malacia
    softening
  42. alveoli (alveolus)
    small clusters of air sacs in the lungs.  Each alveolus is surround by pulmonary capillaries
  43. Respiration
    process of gas exchange between the atmosphere and body cells
  44. External respiration
    occurs when we inhale; results in gas exchange (O2 loading, CO2 unloading) between air-filled chambers of the lungs and the blood in the pulmonary capillaries.
  45. Internal (cellular) respiration
    exchange of gases (O2 unloading & CO2 loading) between the blood and body tissue cells.  Occurs in body tissues when O2 (carried in blood from the lungs to nourish the body's cells) is exchanged for CO2.  The CO2 travels in the bloodstream to the lungs and is exhaled through the mouth or nose.
  46. -centesis
    surgical procedure
  47. pleura
    double-folded membrane enclosing lung
  48. -dynia, algia
    pain
  49. inflammation of pleura
    pleurisy & pleuritis
  50. brady-
    slow
  51. dys-
    bad, painful, difficult
  52. tachy-
    rapid
  53. tachy-
    rapid
  54. CPAP machine
    Continuous positive airway pressure

    used to treat sleep apnea
  55. OSA
    obstructive sleep apnea
  56. ortho-
    straight
  57. phren/o
    diaphragm or mind
  58. phreno/ptosis
    prolapse or downward displacement of the diaphragm
  59. intercostal muscles
    between adjacent ribs
  60. movement of diaphragm during inspiration and exhalation
    inspiration: descends

    exhalation: ascends
  61. muc/o

    myc/o
    muc/o: mucus

    myc/o: fungus
  62. pneumonia
    lung inflammation caused by bacteria, a virus, or chemical irritants.
  63. PCP
    pneumocystis pneumonia; caused by a fungus

    compromised immune system; associated with AIDS
  64. emphys/o, -ema

    emphysema
    inflate; state of, condition

    chronic disease characterized by overexpansion and destruction of alveoli (commonly associated with cigarette smoking).
  65. COPD
    • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    • -partial obstruction of bronchi & lungs
    • -3 major: asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema
  66. Chronic bronchitis
    • inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the bronchial airways
    • -increased mucus production resulting in a chronic productive cough
  67. metastasize
    spread to other parts of the body
  68. asthma
    narrowed bronchial tubes and swollen mucous membranes
  69. Tuberculosis (TB)
    • infectious disease, produces small lesions
    • (tubercles), in the lungs

    can infect bones and organs of body

    (AIDS)
  70. aspirate
  71. atel/0
    incomplete, imperfect
  72. or/o
    mouth
  73. ox/o
    oxygen
  74. sinus/o
    sinus, cavity
  75. spir/o
    to breathe
  76. carcin/o
    cancer
  77. cyst/o
    bladder
  78. fibr/o
    fiber, fibrous tissue
  79. hepat/o
    liver
  80. -rrhaphy
    suture
  81. -graphy
    process of recording
  82. -phagia
    swallowing, eating
  83. -plasm
    formation, growth
  84. -plegia
    paralysis
  85. -rrhagia
    bursting forth
  86. -ia
    condition

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