American History

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American History
2010-05-24 21:00:38
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  1. If the company is profitable it may be listed on the:
    Dow Jones Industrial Average
  2. welfare capitalism
    employers' practice of meeting some workers needs without demand from labor unions
  3. speculation
    practice of high risk investments in hopes of high gain
  4. buying on margin
    purchasing stock by borrowing part of the price from stock brokers
  5. speakeasies
    secret bars, usually underground, used during the time of prohibition
  6. assembly line
    first created by Henry Ford to be used for his automobile
  7. 19th Amendment
    gave women the right to vote
  8. League of Nations
    President Wilson hoped this would ensure security and peace for all its members
  9. Versailles Treaty
    signed by European powers ending WWI
  10. Espionage Act
    made it illegal to say or write anything agains the U.S. or its war efforts
  11. Sussex Pledge
    Germany's promise that their U-Boats would warn before attack
  12. Zimmerman Note
    Proposed an alliance with Germany and Mexico that encouraged a Mexican Revolution
  13. Sedition Act
    made it illegal to interfere with the draft
  14. Sherman Antitrust Act
    law passed that prohibited interfering with interstate trade
  15. collective barganing
    where Union representatives negotiated with management in the intrests of union workers
  16. Transcontinental Railroad
    • Union Pacific (DURANT) vs Central Pacific (STANFORD)
    • U; hired irish, former slaves, conf. war vets
    • CP; hired chinese
  17. trust
    group of seperate corporations under the control of a single board of directors
  18. monopoly
    one business controls an industry
  19. with the election of _______ in 1860, the Southern States began seceding from the Union
    Abraham Lincohln
  20. Amendment that freed the slaves
  21. Amendement that said all laws must be applied equally
  22. Amendment that said no citizen will be denied the right to vote based on color
  23. dispute that occured between the workers of Carnegie steel mill and Andrew Carnegie and Frick
    Homestead Strike
  24. calls for the equal distribution of wealth
  25. a person who rebels against any authority, established order, or ruling power
  26. Union which organized skilled workers
    American Federation of Labor
  27. musical genre which was popular before jazz
  28. is a practice where a political party, after winning an election, gives government jobs to its voters as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party
    spoil system
  29. a protest march by unemployed workers from the United States, led by the populist Jacob Coxey.
    Coxey's Army
  30. the group of American settlers who unlawfully claimed lands in what eventually became Oklahoma
  31. believed that the Indian lands were public property
  32. developed from farmers' alliances formed in the 1880s in reaction to falling crop prices and poor credit facilities.They also demanded an increase in the circulating currency (to be achieved by the unlimited coinage of silver), a graduated income tax, government ownership of the railroads, a tariff for revenue only, and the direct election of U.S. senators.
    Populist movement
  33. presents little or no legitimate well-researched news and instead uses eye-catching headlines to sell more newspapers.
    yellow journalism
  34. social structure were classes are abolished and the government owns everything
  35. the policy or doctrine of isolating one's country from the affairs of other nations by declining to enter into alliances, foreign economic commitments, international agreements, etc., seeking to devote the entire efforts of one's country to its own advancement and remain at peace by avoiding foreign entanglements and responsibilities.
  36. direct election of senators
    17th amendement
  37. prohibition
    18th amendment
  38. an economy largely dependent on end consumers rather than intermediary businesses (i.e., companies which produce things
    consumer economy
  39. a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism
  40. member of the National socialist German Workers' party of Germany, which in 1933, under Adolf Hitler, seized political control of the country, suppressing all opposition and establishing a dictatorship over all cultural, economic, and political activities of the people, and promulgated belief in the supremacy of Hitler as Führer, aggressive anti-Semitism, the natural supremacy of the German people, and the establishment of Germany by superior force as a dominant world power.
  41. VJ Day
    • Victory in Japan Day
    • August 1945
  42. secret name of the research and builing project of the atomic bomb
    Manhattan Project
  43. Last island that the US needed to start a D-Day invasion of Japan
    Battle of the Okinawa
  44. Italian fascism
  45. Led by Mitchell Palmer. attempts to rid the US of communists and anarchists
    Palmer Raids
  46. describes the period after the end of World War I, through the Roaring Twenties, ending with the onset of the Great Depression.
    Jazz Age
  47. published statement agreed between Britain and the United States of America. It was intended as the blueprint for the postwar world after World War II, and turned out to be the foundation for many of the international agreements that currently shape the world.
    Atlantic Charter
  48. Germany bombed Britian in hope of a surrender. Britian never surrendered and Germany gave up
    Battle of Britian
  49. invasion on the coast of western Europe on June 6. pushed Germany towards the Soviets which were fighting on the east side
    D Day
  50. Germany attempted to split Allie troops, but failed and the Allies squashed all attempts at any more German offensive war
    Battle of the Buldge