kat bio core40.txt
Card Set Information
kat bio core40.txt
kat bio core
kat bio core 40
Do isotopes have the same chemical properties as one another?
Yes, they have the same number of electrons and bond the same exact way.
What is the atomic number? What is the mass number? What gives you the number of neutrons?
Atomic number = protons; Mass number = protons and neutrons; Mass number = atomic number- number of neutrons
What are the stages in the scientific method?
make observations 2. define the problem 3. make hypothesis 4. perform experiment 5. form theories
What is a polar covalent bond?
When atoms share a pair or pairs of electrons unequally to make an atom
What is a hydrogen bond?
A weak bond between the oppositely charged ends of a polar covalent molecule
What is the molecular formula for glucose and fructose?
C6 H12 06; they�re isomers.
What organisms can digest cellulose?
Bacteria and fungi
What glucose polymer does your liver synthesize in order to control your blood glucose levels?
What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids?
Saturated fats hold as many Hydrogens as possible. Unsaturated have one or more double bonds.
What is a polypeptide?
A chain of amino acids bonded together
What makes one polypeptide different from another polypeptide?
Number of amino acids and its sequence
What are the products in the decomposition reaction of hydrogen peroxide?
Water and oxygen gas
Describe exothermic reactions.
They release energy to the environment. They tend to be spontaneous. There is less energy in the bonds of the products than in the reactants.
Describe endothermic reactions.
They absorb energy from the environment. They tend to be non-spontaneous. There is more energy in the bonds of the products than in the reactants.
Many chemical reactions that result in the production of an end product are called what?
What type of transport requires the cell to expend energy? What type does not require it to do so?
Active transport; passive transport
What type of transport includes osmosis and dialysis?
What does hypotonic mean?
Solution whose solute concentration is less than the cell (bursts)
What does hypertonic mean?
Solution whose solute concentration is greater than the cell (shrivels up)
What is plasmolysis and what causes it?
When a cell shrinks due to a loss of water through osmosis
What is active transport?
Channels (pumps) move molecules from low to high concentration (against gradient) must expend energy
Why is carbon the element upon which all organic compounds and therefore, life is based?
Because carbon can form 4 covalent bonds in 3 spatial dimensions
What is the name given to the diffusion (with the gradient) of molecules through specific protein channels?
What is the general name given to the process in which a cell engulfs solid particles or droplets of dissolved solutes and brings them inside the cell?
What is the specific name for the process of a cell engulfing solid particles?
What is the specific name for the process of a cell engulfing droplets of dissolved solutes?
Where does aerobic cellular respiration take place?
What is found in animal cells but not in plant cells?
Centrioles (and lysosomes)
What is a microscopic network of membranous tubules that run throughout the cytoplasm and are in contact with both the plasma membrane and the nuclear membrane?
Endoplasmic reticulum (ribosomes attached=rough, no ribosomes=smooth)
Why is there a large amount of membranous organelles in the endoplasmic reticulum?
It allows for more surface area for reactions to take place and it divides the cell into compartments
Where are amino acids sequenced (protein synthesis)?
What organelle repackages cell products and transports them to the plasma membrane in vesicles, to be eventually secreted out of the cell by exocytosis?
Which is thought to be an accumulation of ribosomal RNA?
Where is chromatin found?
What composes chromatin and what is contained inside of it?
Composed of proteins called histones; contains DNA
What are the contents of the nucleus collectively called?