NCLEX EXAM LPN

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Author:
LoveMeSomeYou
ID:
202612
Filename:
NCLEX EXAM LPN
Updated:
2013-02-22 20:42:17
Tags:
LPN
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Description:
LPN STUDY QUESTIONS
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  1. PULMONARY VALVE STENOSIS
    • CAUSES: CONGENITAL, ENDOCARDITIS, RHEUMATIC FEVER
    • SYMPTOMS: FAINTING, SOB, PALITATIONS, CYANOSIS, POOR WEIGHT GAIN
    • TREATMENT: PROSTAGLANDINS, DIEURETICS, ANTI ARRHYTMICS
  2. ARDS
    • LOW OXYGEN LEVELS THAT CAUSED BY A BUILD UP OF FLUID IN THE LUNGS AND INFLAMMATION OF LUNG TISSUE
    • CAUSES: TRAUMA, CHEMICAL INHALATION, PNEUMONIA, SEPTIC SHOCK
    • SYMPTOMS: LOW BP, RAPID BREATHING, SOB
    • TREATMENT: ECHOCARDIOGRAM MECHANICAL VENTILATION
  3. RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS
    • BUILD UP OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE LUNGS THAT CAUSES ACID BASE IMBALANCES AND THE BODY BECOMES ACIDIC
    • CAUSES: COPD, AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION, HYPOVENTILATION SYNDROME, SEVERE ASTHMA
    • SYMPTOMS: CHRONIC COUGH, WHEEZING, CONFUSION, FATIGUE
    • TREATMENT: MECHANICAL VENTILATION, BRONCHODILATORS
  4. Respiratory Alkalosis
    • CO2 levels are reduced and pH is high.
    • Causes:Anxiety, Fever, Hyperventilation
    • SYMPTOMS: DIZZINESS, NUMBNESS
    • TREATMENT: PAPER BAG TECHNIQUE, INCREASE CARBON DIOXIDE LEVELS
  5. RSV (RESPIRATORY SYNCTIAL VIRUS
    • SPREAD BY CONTACT, VIRUS CAN SURVIVE FOR VARIOUS TIME PERIODS ON DIFFERENT SURFACES
    • SYMPTOMS: FEVER, SOB, CYANOSIS, WHEEZING, NASAL CONGESTION, CROUPY COUGH
    • TREATMENT: RIBVIRIN, VENTILATOR IN SEVERE CASES, IV FLUIDS, BRONCHODILATORS (MONITOR FOR PNEUMONIA AND RESPIRATORY FAILURE
  6. TYPES OF PNEUMONIA
    VIRAL, WALKING, LEGIONELLA, CMV, ASPIRATION, ATYPICAL
  7. THE HEART
    THE HEART IS A HIGHLY SPECIALIZED BLOOD VESSEL WHICH PUMPS 72 TIMES PER MINUTEĀ  AND PROPELS AND 4,000 GALLONS OF BLOOD DAILY TO THE TISSUES
  8. BLOOD
    BLOOD IS COMPOSED OF CELLS AND A LIQUID INTERCELLULAR GROUND SUBSTANCE CALLED PLASMA. THE AVERAGE BLOOD VOLUME IS 5 OR 6 LITERS. PLASMA CONSTITUTES ABOUT 55% OF BLOOD VOLUME, CELLULAR ELEMENTS ABOUT 45%

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