Pharm ch 24

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Pharm ch 24
2013-02-22 17:35:52
Pharm test

Pharm test 3
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  1. Angina pectoris
    chest pain that occurs when the heart's supply of blood carrying oxygen and energy-rich nutrients is insufficient to meet the demands of the heart
  2. Atherosclerosis
    a common form of arteriosclerosis involving deposits of fatty, cholesterol-containing material (plaques) within arterial walls
  3. Chronic stable angina
    chest pain that has as its primary cause atherosclerosis, which results in a long-term but relatively stable level of obstruction in one or more coronary arteries
  4. coronary arteries
    arteries that deliver oxygen to the heat muscle
  5. coronary artery disease (CAD)
    any one of the abnormal conditions that can affect the arteries of the heart and produce various pathologic effects, especially a reduced supply of oxygen and nutrients to the myocardium
  6. ischemia
    poor blood supply to an organ
  7. ischemic heart disease
    poor blood supply to the heart via the coronary arteries
  8. myocardial infarction (MI)
    • gross necrosis of the myocardium following interruption of blood supply
    • it is almost always caused by atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries
    • commonly called a heart attack
  9. reflex tachycardia
    a rapid heartbeat caused by a variety of autonomic nervous system effects, such as BP changes, fever, or emotional stress
  10. unstable agina
    early stage of progressive coronary artery disease
  11. vasospastic angina
    ischemia-induced myocardial chest pain caused by spasms of the coronary artery